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© Pucci, S Basis of the low emission development in Costa Rica Andrei Bourrouet, Viceminister of Environmental Management and Energy Sept, 2010.

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Presentación del tema: "© Pucci, S Basis of the low emission development in Costa Rica Andrei Bourrouet, Viceminister of Environmental Management and Energy Sept, 2010."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 © Pucci, S Basis of the low emission development in Costa Rica Andrei Bourrouet, Viceminister of Environmental Management and Energy Sept, 2010

2 Context Although adaptation is a priority in our region CR committed to ambitious reductions from ALL countries, according to capabilities and enabling factors: –Goal of being carbon neutral by 2021 –Remain in low emission development pathway thereafter Green development Low emission dev. Climate resilience Carbonneutrality NAMAs NAPA like inst.

3 Comprehensive mitigation processes are still in initial phase So far: -Sustained political will involving different levels and sectors -Pathway established: abatement curves estimated Under development: - Carbon neutrality standard (recognized internationally) -REDD+ national plan -Costa Rican green bond, WB -Private sector engagement Pending: -Defining MRV for all sectors -Ensuring prevention double accounting -Define use of forest carbon credits natl. vs. intl. markets

4 Trend in emissions due to demand fossil fuel Fuente: elaboración propia con datos del U.S. Energy Information Administration

5 Mitigation measurements ( ) Fuente: elaboración con datos y propuestas de la DSE, ICE, Prugam, MOPT, MINAET, y estimaciones propias MedidaMitigaci ó n tCO 2 eMitigaci ó n Acumulada tCO 2 eMitigaci ó n por A ñ o tCO2e Vivienda Popular299,403 14,970.2 Educación Residencial230,861530,26411,543.0 Luminarias Eficientes (Industrial)80,075610,3394,003.7 Eficiencia Energética Industria330,752941,09116,537.6 Luminarias Eficientes (Residencial)15,581956, Descongestionamiento Vial3,685,3424,642,014184,267.1 PRUGAM (Infraestructura)867,1115,509,12543,355.6 Agilización de Trámites (e-Trámites)917,6666,426,79145,883.3 Cambio Residencias2,182,5748,609,365109,128.7 Motores Eficientes15,8268,625, Transporte Público3,685,34212,310,534184,267.1 Jornada Laboral 4-días401,67012,712,20420,083.5 Autos Compartidos10,429,92023,142,124521,496.0 Conducción Eficiente226,24923,368,37311,312.5 Autos Eléctricos9,081,85232,450,225454,092.6 Rellenos Sanitarios14,126,20646,576,431706,310.3

6 Mitigation measurements ( ) Fuente: elaboración con datos y propuestas de la DSE, ICE, Prugam, MOPT, MINAET, y estimaciones propias MedidaMitigaci ó n tCO 2 eMitigaci ó n Acumulada tCO 2 eMitigaci ó n por A ñ o tCO2e Restricci ó n Vehicular3,025,63149,602,061151,281.5 Ciclov í as4,383,26353,985,324219,163.1 Autos H í bridos7,921,68861,907,012396,084.4 Aire Acondicionado4,85561,911, Autos Flex Fuel452,77262,364,63922,638.6 Plan ICE Fuentes Renovables44,500,000106,864,6392,225,000.0 Autos de Aire3,766,978110,631,617188,348.9 Etanol1,393,907112,025,52469,695.3 Trenes El é ctricos10,188,960122,214,484509,448.0 Calentadores Solares4,603122,219, Biodiesel266,905122,485,99313,345.3 Timers en Calentadores10,046122,496, Calderas Eficientes48,286122,544,3242,414.3 Sector Forestal185,000,000307,544,3249,250,000.0 Sector Agropecuario8,000,000315,544,324400,000.0

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8 Total Emisiones BAU (crecimiento moderado) y con Todas las Medidas de Mitigación ( ), Gg CO 2 e Fuente: elaboración con datos y propuestas de la DSE, ICE, Prugam, MOPT, MINAET, Fundecor y estimaciones propias 2021: 6,054 Gg

9 Source: NEEDS project, INCAE with data of DSE, ICE, Prugam, MOPT, and MINAET

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11 CONCLUSIONS Middle income countries are also relevant (Costa Ricas case): -Absorptive capacity can produce rapid results -Institutional arrangements and accountability -Avoid becoming part of the problem (long term global goals) -Provide greater emission reductions than other groups of countries -Strengthen national accounting systems of emissions -Overcome governance obstacles -Uncertainty of intl. registry mechanism and natl. implications -Lack of support in early phase -Greater access to carbon markets Some challenges : Carazo, F.


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