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1 Lars Bernd, Programme Officer, National Platforms, UNISDR Secretariat, Geneva, Thematic Session 1: Inter-Institutional.

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Presentación del tema: "1 Lars Bernd, Programme Officer, National Platforms, UNISDR Secretariat, Geneva, Thematic Session 1: Inter-Institutional."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 1 Lars Bernd, Programme Officer, National Platforms, UNISDR Secretariat, Geneva, Thematic Session 1: Inter-Institutional Mechanisms, networks and national platforms - National Platforms for DRR First session of the Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction of the Americas – Panama – March 2009

2 2 National Platforms – Overview of developments in 2008 Number of National Platforms (slowly) increasing More recognition and interest to work through and support National Platforms among ISDR system partners (UN, IFRC, WB, regional and bilateral agencies) New NPs declared in 2008/ 09: Asia/Pacific: Sri Lanka (January 2008), Indonesia (2008/2009) Central Asia : Kazakhstan (January 2008) Europe: Italy (January 2008) Africa : Senegal (March 2008 – launched in 2005 with UNISDR support, but never formalized) Americas: Dominican Republic (March 2008), El Salvador, Jamaica (July 2008), Argentina (October 2008), Peru (February 2009)

3 3 Countries with National Platforms for DRR Countries expressing interest to establish NPs Seychelles Cape Verde Maldives Djibouti Nepal Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Uzbekistan Bahrain Viet Nam Bangla- desh Argentina Colombia Costa Rica Dominican Republic El Salvador Ecuador Jamaica Nicaragua Panama USA Venezuela Burundi

4 4 Dispelled myths - Understanding that NP does not mean naturally setting up a new institution and that it can have several ramifications Recognition for National Platforms as: An appropriate tool to involve multiple stakeholders and multiple sectors A way to ensure more systematic exchange, joint work programming and implementation of HFA key activities A mechanism for more efficient and effective reduction of risks linking humanitarian, development and climate change adaptation actors The official ISDR system mechanism at national level, closely linked to regional and international processes Appropriate human and financial resources and support are available to equip National Platforms and HFA Focal points to carry out what is expected from them and on a longer-term basis National Platform is a key player in reducing risks at both national and sub-national/ local level achieving tangible results by spearheading implemention of HFA key activities Are we there?

5 5 Discussion points Have National Platforms (or other multi-stakeholder national coordination mechanisms) in Latin America and the Caribbean reached their full potential and respond to what is expected from them in terms of inclusive national coordination, support for mainstreaming, advocacy, awareness-raising and capacity development, measuring and reporting on progress? If not, what is needed to improve their role and functioning? Which specific action points do you suggest and who should be involved in it?

6 6 Discussion points (contd) 1.Official and de facto recognition of National Platform/ other multi- stakeholder national mechanism as important entity to consult for decision-making on DRR/ development programming and implementation (and de facto progress in influencing policy making, programmes and implemention) – appropriate institutional anchoring 2.Buy-in and support (incl. involvement) by national, regional and int. development and humanitarian agencies, NGOs and banks 3.Efficiency of national systems and role of National Platform, incl vis- à-vis other national focal point systems (avoiding duplication, reducing transaction costs, learning from experience), 4.Inclusiveness of existing systems and National Platforms (Does any stakeholder have a voice? Do we effectively galvanize the full potential of diverse actors?), 5.Link between the national and the sub-national local level (relevance of National Platform action for local level risk reduction/ building of resilience) 6.Effectiveness of information-sharing and exchange on a regional/ sub-regional and international scale (Do we learn from others? Do others learn from us? Do we have/ do we use appropriate information-sharing channels?)

7 7 Way forward/ Global Platform/ HFA mid-term review Role of National Platforms in Regional and Global Platform processes What is Latin American and Caribbean National Platforms message and recommendations to the ISDR community and beyond gathering at Global Platform in June 2009 in Geneva? How should the Global Platforms Chair summary support National Platforms? Which decisions and key action should be taken at national, regional/ sub-regional and global level on National Platforms by 2011 and 2015?

8 8 Composición de Plataformas Nacionales Comité Nacional (Departamental) Directivo/Gabinete/ Parlamento/Oficina CNGD/ONGD/PF MAH Coordinador/ Secretaria CBOs Servicios Técnicos Sector Académico ONGs Int.? ONGs Nac. Victimas de Desastre? ONU? Media Cuestiones de genero Agencias Bilat.? Sector Privado Cruz/Media Luna Roja FICR? Org. religiosas? Ministerios Comunidades por el Desarrollo, Humanitarios, Cambio Climático Planificación Presupuestaria incluida + ? Munici- palidades Plataforma Nacional Asociaciones Profesionales Communities and volunteers Disabled?

9 9 Composition of National Platforms National (Ministerial) Steering Committee/Cabinet/ Parliament/ Board NDMC/ NDMO/HFA FP Coordinator/ Secretariat CBOs Technical Services Academia Int. NGOs? Nat. NGOs Disaster Victims? UN? Media Gender balance Bilat. agencies? Private Sector Red Cross/ Crescent IFRC? Disabled? Line Ministries Development, Humanitarian, Climate change communities incl. Planning Finance + ? Munici- palities National Platform Professional associations Communities and volunteers

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12 12 Niveles de acción del sistema de la EIRD (plataformas) Definir prioridades: Información estrategica, orientación y evaluación de los progresos Implementación nacional Marcos nacionales, varios actores, Plataformas Nacionales para la RRD Apoyo por parte de las Naciones Unidas en el país y/o BM – en su caso Temática Basándose en los redes, grupos, programas y otros mecanismos ya existentes PLEASE ADD REFERENCES FROM THE AMERICAS Regional Basada en estrategias y mecanismos regionales y sub-regionales ya existentes Por ejemplo: CEPREDENAC – CDERA – PLEASE ADD OTHERS and add a reference to a Strategy Programa de la EIRD Coordinar esfuerzos internacionales y regionales para apoyar las capacidades nacionales y locales Plataforma Mundial para la RRD Sesiones Bianuales Informe de Evaluación Global

13 13 ISDR system levels of action (platforms) Define priorities: Strategic information, guidance and assessments of progress National implementation National frameworks, multi-stakeholders, and multi disciplinary National Platforms for DRR Support from UN country team and/or WB – when appropriate Thematic Building on existing networks, clusters, programmes and other mechanisms Africa: Drought network; Floods (Climate change); Environment (AMCEN) Regional Based on existing regional and sub-regional strategies and mechanisms e.g. Africa: African Union with RECs – African Strategy for DRR ISDR programme coordinated international and regional efforts to support national and local capacities Global Platform for DRR Biennual sessions Global Assessment Report

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19 19 Thank you United Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction International Environment House II 7-9 Chemin de Balexert, CH 1219 Chatelaine Geneva 10, Switzerland Tel: /8907 Fax:

20 20 Muchas Gracias United Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction International Environment House II 7-9 Chemin de Balexert, CH 1219 Chatelaine Geneva 10, Switzerland Tel: /8907 Fax:

21 21 However, National Platforms mostly not visible and strong enough: NPs in most countries not yet considered as a key institution when planning risk reduction activities (focus on NDMO) NPs not yet systematically involved in development planning (at times not even by ISDR partners) Mostly combining both disaster management and disaster risk reduction function, which tends to give a biais to emergency preparedness, management and recovery rather than mitigation Often lack of funding, lack of official and/or de facto recognition, lack of staffing and at times capacities – external support remains critical In sum: mostly still weak Need for additional buy in and proactive support by ISDR system partners including primarily (sub-)Regional Organisations, I/NGOs, private sector, IFIs, traditional ISDR system partners

22 22 Mostly combining both disaster management and disaster risk reduction function, which tends to give a biais to emergency preparedness, management and recovery rather than mitigation Often lack of funding, lack of official and/or de facto recognition, lack of staffing and at times capacities – external support remains mostly critical Need for additional buy in and proactive support by ISDR system partners including primarily (sub-)Regional Organisations, I/NGOs, private sector, IFIs, traditional ISDR system partners

23 23 Points for discussion/ What could be done: Full potential not yet reached Progress remains too slow A lot of transaction cost More involement by egional organisations Better information sharing and available of proven experience/ good practice Support fr Recognition of HFA FPs institutions and NPs by international community (work through NPs – require NPs involvement in development) + financial and technical support Upscaled role of (sub-)Regional organisations that follow the HFA and intensify support to build strong NPs: Capacity development Information sharing Technical support on institutional anchoring, setting up, policy and legislative framework, action planning (consultancies) Support to harmonise Focal point system of various organisations and harmonisation of DRR programmes Proactive use of communication tools and more systematic exchange of information through existing communication tools and communities of practice Mostly combining both disaster management and disaster risk reduction function, which tends to give a biais to emergency preparedness, management and recovery rather than mitigation Often lack of funding, lack of official and/or de facto recognition, lack of staffing and at times capacities – external support remains mostly critical Need for additional buy in and proactive support by ISDR system partners including primarily (sub-)Regional Organisations, I/NGOs, private sector, IFIs, traditional ISDR system partners

24 24 Un foro o comité nacional de múltiples partes interesadas Promueve la RRD en diferentes niveles Proporciona coordinación, análisis y asesoramiento en las áreas prioritarias que requieren una acción concertada a través de un proceso coordinado y participativo. A commitment to work on prevention, preparedness and mitigation instead of merely focusing on disaster management and recovery Como tal, son mencionadas en la Acción Prioritaria 1 del Marco de Acción de Hyogo - aprobado por 168 Estados Previamente eran mencionadas en la Resolución 1999/63 del Consejo Económico y Social y en la Resolución A/RES/59/ de la Asamblea General de la ONU Plataformas Nacionales – una definición A nationally owned and led forum or committee of multi-stakeholders Serves as an advocate for DRR at different levels Provides coordination, analysis and advice on areas of priority requiring concerted action through a coordinated and participatory process. A commitment to work on prevention, preparedness and mitigation instead of merely focusing on disaster management and recovery As such it is mentioned in the Hyogo Framework for Actions Priority of Action 1 – adopted by 168 States Previously referred to in UN Economic and Social Council Resolution 1999/63 and 2005 UN General Assembly resolution A/RES/59/231

25 25 Deberían ser el mecanismo de coordinación para la incorporación de la RRD en las políticas de desarrollo, la planificación y los programas en consonancia con la aplicación del Marco de Acción de Hyogo Deberían contribuir a la creación y al desarrollo de un sistema nacional de RRD que corresponde a cada país y que lo protege. No son necesariamente nuevas instituciones, sino construidas sobre las ya existentes, para convertirse en un foro para el intercambio y la toma de decisiones, para coordinar la RRD como una herramienta multisectorial compuesta por varios actores multi-sectoral-,multi-stakeholder-, multi-level tool Plataformas Nacionales – una definición (continuación) Should be the coordination mechanism for mainstreaming DRR into development policies, planning and programmes in line with the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action Should aim to contribute to the establishment and the development of a comprehensive national DRR system, as appropriate to each country and be its custodian. They are not necessarily new institutions, but ideally build on existing national coordinating mechanisms to become a forum for exchange and decision-making for coordinated DRR as a: multi-sectoral-, multi-stakeholder-, multi-level tool

26 26 Plataformas Nacionales – una definición (continuación) Una Plataforma Nacional NO es la institución que actúa como el punto focal del MAH, la Institución Nacional de Gestión de Desastres, un comité nacional directivo integrado por los ministerios del Gobierno, la Dirección Nacional de Protección Civil, …composed of Government Ministries only …but may well be an existing national partnership forum or national coordinating mechanism, provided it is truly multi-stakeholder, multi-sectoral and respects a countrys diversity. It may keep its name and just becomes officially declared as National Platform for DRR Hyogo Framework for Action: The expression national platform is a generic term used for national mechanisms for coordination and policy guidance on disaster risk reduction that need to be multi-sectoral and inter-disciplinary in nature, with public, private and civil society participation involving all concerned entities within a country. National platforms represent the national mechanism for the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. (§16, 10) National Platforms are NOT the HFA Focal Point institution/ the National Disaster Management Institution, the Civil Protection Service, a National Steering Committee composed of Government Ministries only …but may well be an existing national partnership forum or national coordinating mechanism, provided it is truly multi-stakeholder, multi-sectoral and respects a countrys diversity. It may keep its name and just becomes officially declared as National Platform for DRR Hyogo Framework for Action: The expression national platform is a generic term used for national mechanisms for coordination and policy guidance on disaster risk reduction that need to be multi-sectoral and inter-disciplinary in nature, with public, private and civil society participation involving all concerned entities within a country. National platforms represent the national mechanism for the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. (§16, 10 )

27 27 UN resolutions on National Platforms In 1999, the UN Economic and Social Council, Resolution 1999/63, called on all Governments to maintain and strengthen established national and multi-sectoral platforms for natural disaster reduction in order to achieve sustainable development goals and objectives, with the full utilization of scientific and technical means. In 2005, the UN General Assembly, resolution A/RES/59/231: called upon Governments to establish national platforms or focal points for disaster reduction, encourages government to strengthen platforms where they have already exist, urges United Nations system to provide appropriate support to those mechanisms…

28 28 The Hyogo Framework for Action and National Platforms Strategic Goal 2: Development and strengthening of institutions, mechanisms and capacities to build resilience to hazards. Priority of Action 1: Ensure that disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation. Key activity under PA1 ( §16 (i) (a)):Support the creation and strengthening of national integrated mechanisms, such as multisectoral national platforms, with designated responsibilities at the national through to the local levels to facilitate coordination across sectors. National platforms should also facilitate coordination across sectors, including by maintaining a broad based dialogue at national and regional levels for promoting awareness among the relevant sectors.

29 29 The Hyogo Framework for Action and support to National Platforms E. The International Strategy for Disaster Reduction 33. The partners in the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, in particular, the Inter-Agency Task Force on Disaster Reduction and its members, in collaboration with relevant national, regional, international and United Nations bodies and supported by the inter-agency secretariat for the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, are requested to (…) (d) Ensure support to national platforms for disaster reduction, including through the clear articulation of their role and value added, as well as regional coordination, to support the different advocacy and policy needs and priorities set out in this Framework for Action, through coordinated regional facilities for disaster reduction, building on regional programmes and outreach advisors from relevant partners ;

30 30 Aumento de la cooperación sistemática entre los ministerios competentes, los donantes y los organismos de las Naciones Unidas a nivel de país Vehículo para el diálogo nacional y la política de orientación para las evaluaciones de riesgo y papel en la planificación del desarrollo y la recuperación Participación del sector educativo para promover la reducción del riesgo de desastres en la escuela Fortalecimiento de la preparación ante los desastres y desarrollo de planes de contingencia Fortalecimiento de la cooperación regional para promover la reducción del riesgo de desastres Achieving higher political commitment and engagement of politicians for disaster risk reduction (Costa Rica, Gabon, Nigeria...), Integrating DRR into national policy and legislation and development plans (China, Colombia, Djibouti, Kenya, Senegal, Uganda…), Setting up sub-national DRM committees and promoting community participation in DRR through awareness-raising and capacity-building activities (China, France Germany, Japan, Madagascar, Nicaragua, Switzerland…); Engaging the media, private sector and/or insurance sector for DRR (Germany, Japan, Nigeria, Switzerland…) Setting standards in natural hazard preparedness (Madagascar) Buenas Prácticas de las Plataformas Nacionales

31 31 Plataformas Nacionales para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres La Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres: Aumento de la resiliencia de las comunidades hacia un desarrollo sostenible I 45 Plataformas Nacionales designadas ¿Que hace la EIRD/ONU? Ayuda a establecer, motivar (taller y dialogo entre varios actores, dirigidos por los ministerios interesados) Evaluación de las capacidades (con CADRI, el PNUD….) Organiza reuniones regionales entre las plataformas nacionales una o dos veces al ano (con un enfoque temático) – Reuniones ministeriales con la UA Asistencia: Fortalecer el papel de las organizaciones regionales Programas WB GFDRR Track II Programas de apoyo del PNUD Campañas de concientización Participación en reuniones mundiales como la Plataforma Mundial para la RRD Talleres y formaciones regionales y temáticos Intercambio de información (Revista, pagina Web) Facilitar intercambios entre expertos Consortium del Océano Indico - Tsunami SAT

32 32 Ejemplos del apoyo de la EIRD a las Plataformas Nacionales (En su mayoría en colaboración con las Oficinas Nacionales del PNUD) Apoyo a la planificación y ejecución de diálogos entre diversas partes interesadas, como requisito previo para la puesta en marcha de las Plataformas Nacionales Con los actores del sistema de la EIRD, apoyo en la creación de las Plataformas Nacionales a través de un apoyo técnico para los talleres nacionales Análisis institucional de PN para optimizar su funcionamiento Desarrollo de documentos de orientación y sobre buenas prácticas Contribución a los procesos estratégicos dirigidos por el PNUD para elaborar planes nacionales de acción (SNAPs) y para asegurar la alineación con el MAH Facilitación del intercambio y de " twinning" entre PN para promover las experiencias de aprendizaje y el desarrollo de capacidades

33 33 UN/ISDR secretariat support to National Platforms Promote and help establishing NPs and multi-stakeholder dialogue meetings (led by line-Ministry – implemented in support to/with UN RC) Organise global and regional thematic meetings and training with/ among National Platforms (e.g. African workshop on mainstreaming DRR in April 2008) Develop guidance documents, tools and contribution to ISDR partner work with NPs/ HFA FPs (incl. CCA/UNDAF guidelines, joint publications, etc.) Support sharing of NP experiences (« twinning » + good practices, « ISDR-Highlights « and other magazines) Jointly run awareness raising campaigns Undertake capacity assessments (with CADRI, UNDP) Support ministerial meetings in the regions Facilitate access to expertise HFA monitor (progress reporting and information sharing) (En su mayoría en colaboración con las Oficinas Nacionales del PNUD) Apoyo a la planificación y ejecución de diálogos entre diversas partes interesadas, como requisito previo para la puesta en marcha de las Plataformas Nacionales Con los actores del sistema de la EIRD, apoyo en la creación de las Plataformas Nacionales a través de un apoyo técnico para los talleres nacionales Análisis institucional de PN para optimizar su funcionamiento Desarrollo de documentos de orientación y sobre buenas prácticas Contribución a los procesos estratégicos dirigidos por el PNUD para elaborar planes nacionales de acción (SNAPs) y para asegurar la alineación con el MAH Facilitación del intercambio y de " twinning" entre PN para promover las experiencias de aprendizaje y el desarrollo de capacidades

34 34 UN/ISDR supported thematic and stakeholder networks - NGO network (ISDR staff FP: Mr. Michele Cocciglia: - Climate change adaptation and DRR (Ms. Silvia Llosa, – Mr. Julio Garcia, - Parliamentarians, High-Level advocacy – (Ms. Feng Min Kan, - Media network (Ms. Brigitte Leoni, - Gender network (Ms. Ana-Cristina Thorlund, - Local Government (Mr. Michele Cocciglia, - Academia (Mr. Terry Jeggle, National Platform/ HFA Focal point networks and list-servs are run by UN/ISDR regional offices

35 35 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Progress – international UN system UNDP: working closely with ISDR- CADRI, global report, GRIP, national capacity building programmes UNESCO: education & science UNICEF: education and emergencies programmes WMO: disaster prevention and mitigation programme, national surveys UNEP: environmental group, country cases WHO: Safe hospitals campaign and health sector FAO, WFP, UNDP/DDC: drought risk reduction OCHA: preparedness Climate Change: UNFCCC and IPCC- adaptation Indian Ocean Consortium: Tsunami EWS.

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38 38 Marco de Acción de Hyogo : Aumento de la Resiliencia de las Naciones y Comunidades ante los Desastres Progreso – Procesos internacionales Global Facility for Disaster Reduction del BM y Recovery partnership de la EIRD para el MAH Tres tracks: Global/Regional (EIRD); Programas por países; facilidades de recuperación Cambios en las políticas de los donantes - OCDE (TICAD IV…) Aumento del compromiso de la ONU – reducción del riesgo de desastre y cambio climático considerados como PRIORIDADES Compromiso del UNDG – Formación UNCT & RC Evolución de DMTP en CADRI: UNDP-OCHA- ISDR

39 39 Marco de Acción de Hyogo : Aumento de la Resiliencia de las Naciones y Comunidades ante los Desastres Progreso – Sistema internacional de la ONU PNUD: trabajar en estrecha colaboración con EIRD-CADRI, informe global, GRIP, programas de creación de capacidad nacional UNESCO: educación & ciencia UNICEF: educación y programas de emergencias OMM: programa de prevención y mitigación de desastres, encuestas nacionales PNUMA: grupo ambiental, ejemplos de países OMS: Campaña Hospitales Salvos y sector de la salud protegido FAO, PMA, PNUD/DDC: reducción del riesgo de sequía OCHA: preparación Cambio Climático: Adaptación -UNFCCC y IPCC Consortium Océano Indico : Tsunami SAT.

40 40 Marco de Acción de Hyogo : Aumento de la Resiliencia de las Naciones y Comunidades ante los Desastres Progreso – Redes internacionales Red de ONGs. FICR : preparación de una Alianza para la Comunidad RRD Red académico (apoyo por parte de CADRI y EIRD/BM) Red de medios de comunicación Red de Genero y Desastres Red emergente: Parlamentarios Red emergente : Foro urbano de megaciudades

41 41 Proceso en marcha – integrar la reducción del riesgo de desastre en el desarrollo ¿Los diálogos nacionales multisectoriales y las Plataformas Nacionales para la RRD pueden ayudar-y ser sostenido? ¿Cómo? ¿Las necesidades de capacidad pueden ir acompañadas de recursos técnicos disponibles y recursos de las agencias gubernamentales? ¿Cuales son los mejores puntos de entrada? Aumentar la comprensión de reducción del riesgo de desastres y del desarrollo - ¿mejores medios? Oportunidades y necesidades de capacidad incorporadas en : Los planes nacionales de desarrollo; Los Marcos para el Desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas; Las estrategias de reducción de la pobreza; Los Planes Nacionales de Acción para la Adaptación; Los planos para el medio ambiente y el desarrollo sostenible

42 42 Muchas gracias United Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction International Environment House II 7-9 Chemin de Balexert, CH 1219 Chatelaine Geneva 10, Switzerland Tel: /8907 Fax:

43 43 Marco de Acción de Hyogo : Aumento de la Resiliencia de las Naciones y Comunidades ante los Desastres Estrategia Africana para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres- aportes y seguimiento importantes por parte de la Unión Africana. Aprobada por la AMCEN y SUMMIT (2005) Ahora es necesario un "Business plan" para la aplicación Oportunidades y necesidades de capacidad incorporadas en : Los planes nacionales de desarrollo; Los Marcos para el Desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas; Las estrategias de reducción de la pobreza; Los Planes Nacionales de Acción para la Adaptación; Los planos para el medio ambiente y el desarrollo sostenible

44 44 Achieving higher political commitment and engagement of politicians for disaster risk reduction (Costa Rica, Gabon, Nigeria...), Integrating DRR into national policy and legislation and development plans (China, Colombia, Djibouti, Kenya, Senegal, Uganda…), Setting up sub-national DRM committees and promoting community participation in DRR through awareness-raising and capacity-building activities (China, France Germany, Japan, Madagascar, Nicaragua, Switzerland…); Engaging the media, private sector and/or insurance sector for DRR (Germany, Japan, Nigeria, Switzerland…) Setting standards in natural hazard preparedness (Madagascar) Good practices of National Platforms


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