Presentación del tema: "EL SUBJUNTIVO Its all in the mood! Verbs show the action and they also show a tense and a mood. The tense tells you the time of the action Present, preterite,"— Transcripción de la presentación:
Verbs show the action and they also show a tense and a mood. The tense tells you the time of the action Present, preterite, future, etc are tenses. The mood tells the speakers attitude towards the action. Indicative, commands and the subjunctive are moods.
The indicative moods tells it like it is: Juan es mi novio. Ayer, fuimos al cine. Mañana iremos al partido de Hockey.
A command tells someone to do something. Vayan Uds a la tienda. Despiértese a las seis. Escuchen Uds. A la maestra siempre.
The subjunctive mood wishes, suggests and fantasizes about things. I wish I were rich. Espero que yo sea rica. I suggest Juan drive. Sugiero que Juan conduzca. If I were a princess... Si yo sea princesa....
The subjunctive is rarely used in English and sounds strange to those who are not highly educated. Huh?
INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE You are late. I am sick. Juan doesnt study. It is important that be on time. I wish I were not sick. The teacher insists that he study.
In Spanish, the subjunctive is used a lot, and you need to use it to prove that you are not ignorant. Sugiero que mires cuando andas en bote. Es importante que sepas adonde va el río. Dudo que vayas a sobrevivir el accidente.
Both the Indicative mood and the Subjunctive mood are used in compound sentences which are connected by que. La gente sabe que la verdad es la mejor. (indicative) No es cierto que la fiesta sea a las ocho. (subjunctive) The mood that is used depends on the Main Clause.
The INDICATIVE MOOD is objective and used to describe facts, it states what is certain. Estoy seguro que Juan va con nosotros. Es cierto que la falda roja es la mejor. La maestra dice que habrá un examen el miércoles.
The SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD is subjective, it expresses feelings, judgements and emotions about an action. I fear that he is lost. It is bad that we cant go. It is scandalous that she is wearing that dress.
For the dependant clause to be subjuntive, the main clause must state the following: Impose will.I want you to study tonight. Necessity. It is necessary that you leave now. Emotion.I hope that you find the money. Doubt.I doubt that he knows the answer. Possiblity.It is possible that he is coming.
To form the Present Subjunctive tense : Start with the present tense, yo form of the verb Tener – Tengo Remove the O – Teng Add the opposite ending just like we did to make commands.
Tengatengamos Tengastengáis Tengatengan Present Subjunctive of Tener
Cuidecuidemos cuidescuidéis cuidecuiden Present Subjunctive of Cuidar
Be Careful of car, gar + zar verbs! Tocar toque toques toque toquemos toqués etc. Entregar entregue entregues entreguemos etc. Orginizar organice organices organicemos etc.
Stem Changing Verbs that end in ER or AR, dont make stem change in Nosotros and Vosotros forms, just like normal present tense. Pensar Piensepensemos Piensespenséis Piensepiensen Perder PierdaPerdamos PierdasPerdáis PierdaPierdan
Stem Changing Verbs that end in IR, not only make the normal stem change, but the Nosotros and Vosotros form also changes. Preferir (e – ie) Prefieraprefiramos Prefierasprefiráis Prefieraprefieran Morir (o – ue) MueraMuramos MuerasMuráis MueraMueran