2 The Verb “to be” am are are are is are I We You Y’all He She They Let's use the pronouns you learned to learn the forms of a commonly used verb -- the verb to be.In English, you might not have thought much about the different forms of the verb to be that we use in everyday speech. If we conjugate the verb to be in English, we get the following:amareIWeareareYouY’allHeSheisareThey
3 The Verb “to be” I am We are You are Y’all are He She is They are You might have noticed that in English that we really just have 3 forms of the verb to be: In Spanish, however, we will always have 6 different forms of any verb we conjugate, including the verb ser ("to be").That means that we'll have a different are that goes with you, we, y'all, & they. You can't switch them up -- there is a are that you must always use to say you are, a different one to say we are, another to say y'all are, and yet another to say they are. That's a lot of are's!The Verb “to be” am, is, & are.I amWe areYou areY’all areHeShe isThey areSPECIFIC
4 Keep in mind the pronouns! yoNosotrosTúVosotrosUstedÉlEllaUstedesEllosEllasWe will refer to these pronouns a lot as we learn to conjugate the verb ser in Spanish. When you conjugate a verb, you are simply the correct form of the verb to the different pronouns.matching
5 Conjugating!Conjugating: Changing a verb form so that it matches the subject.Anytime you conjugate any verb in Spanish you have to remember that every verb will always have 6 different forms, a separate from for each box of the chart:yoNosotrosTúVosotrosUstedÉlEllaUstedesEllosEllas
6 I am… (Yo) soy = I am Yo soy = I am OR Soy = I am We'll start with the yo form of the verb ser: To say I am, you say yo soyIn Spanish you are allowed to leave out the pronoun when using verbs. Since soy can only go with the pronoun yo, we can omit the yo and simply say soy for I am.(Yo) soy = I amYo soy = I amORSoy = I am
7 You are… Tú eres = You are OR Eres= You are Ud. es = You are OR To say you are, you have to keep track of who you are talking to. If you are addressing someone who is your peer, use the tú form and say tú eres, or simply eres since we can omit the pronoun.However, if you are addressing someone to whom you wish to show respect, you have to use the Usted (Ud.) form. The Ud. Form always “hangs out” and will be the same as the he & she form. To say you are using the Ud. form, say Ud. es or simply es.Tú eres = You areOREres= You areUd. es = You are(formal)OREs = You are(formal)
8 He is…/She is… Él es = He is Es = He is OR Ella es = She is The he & she form of the verb in Spanish will always be the same as the Ud. form.So, to say he is or she is you will say él / ella es, or simply es.The he & she form of the verb is also the one you will use for "it," so to say it is you also say es.Él es = He isEs = He isORElla es = She isEs = She isEs = It is
9 ¡Práctica! Yo __________ de los Estados Unidos. ¿De dónde _________ tú?Él ______ de Puerto Rico.Ella ________ de México.Tú ___________ dominicano.Santiago ________ de España.María ________ panameña.
10 Nosotros/Nosotras somos= We are To say we are, you have to remember that there is a different are that goes with you, we, y'all, and they in Spanish. You already learned that (tú) eres is you are (when addressing your peer) and that (Ud.) es is you are when you are addressing an adult.The are that goes with we (nosotros & nosotras) is completely different. To say we are, you use somos:Nosotros/Nosotras somos= We areORSomos= We are
11 Y’all are… (Vosotros) sois= Y’all are (Spain only) To say y'all are, you have to keep track of the country you are in.If you are in Spain, you will use the are that goes with vosotros & vosotras which is sois.If you are in any other Spanish speaking place, you will use the are that goes with Uds. -- son.(Vosotros) sois= Y’all are (Spain only)(Ustedes) son = Y’all are
12 They are… Ellos son = They are Ellas son = They are As you already learned, the Uds. form of the verb is always the same as the ellos & ellas form.Ellos and ellas both mean they, but to say they are you will use the same are that you used for Uds. -- son.Ellos son = They areEllas son = They are
13 ¡Práctica! Nosotros __________ de los Estados Unidos. ¿De dónde _________ ustedes?Ellos ______ de Puerto Rico.Ellas ________ de México.Vosotros ___________ de España.Santiago y Maria ________ de España.Sara y yo ___________ estadounidenses.
14 Summing it up (Yo) soy (nosotros) somos (vosotros) sois (Tú) eres There are six different forms of the verb ser (to be) in Spanish. You must use the correct form based upon who you are talking about:(Yo) soy(nosotros) somos(vosotros) sois(Tú) eres(Ud.)(Él) es(Ella)(Uds.)(Ellos) son(Ellas)
15 A few things to keep in mind… There are different "are"s for tú, Ud., nosotros(as), vosotros(as), and ellos(as)Using the pronoun is optionalThe Ud. form is the same as the he and she form -- In Spanish, the Ud. will always "hang out" with the he & she form of the verbThe Uds. form is the same as the they form - - In Spanish, the Uds. will always "hang out" with the ellos & ellas form of the verb
16 You are It is Y’all are He is I am We are You are Y’all are She is (familiar)SoyEresEsSomosSoisSonIt isY’all are(Spain)He isI amWe areYou are(formal)Y’all areShe isThey are
17 es son ella ellos Pronoun Replacement Mi profesora de Cuba. With nouns and names of people, use the same form of the verb as for él/ella or ellos/ellas.Mi profesora de Cuba.Juan y Carlos de España.esellasonellos
18 Negatives Mi profesora no es de México. Es de España. To make a sentence negative, place no in front of the verb.Mi profesora no es de México. Es de España.Make the following sentences negative:Mi amiga es de Argentina.Los estudiantes son de Guatemala.Samuel y yo somos de Bolivia.
19 Questions ¿Es Juan de Cuba? To ask a yes/no question, the verb comes before the subject and an ¿ is placed in front of the question.¿Es Juan de Cuba?Turn the following statements into questions:El profesor es de Chile.Marta y Andrés son de Paraguay.Tú eres de Costa Rica.The question word “do” does not exist in Spanish! You need to use a question voice to indicate that you are asking a question.