La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Criterios de selección de unidades de sangre de cordón umbilical para trasplante Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, 2009 Guillermo Sanz.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Criterios de selección de unidades de sangre de cordón umbilical para trasplante Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, 2009 Guillermo Sanz."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Criterios de selección de unidades de sangre de cordón umbilical para trasplante Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, 2009 Guillermo Sanz

2 Simple y pasivo. Éxito 40 – 60%. Basado exclusivamente en la compatibilidad HLA: Si aparece más de 1 donante (raro): Considerar sexo (y embarazos si mujer), edad, peso, estado serológico a CMV, grupo ABO, ¿país del donante? Proceso de selección de DNE adulto

3 Complejo y activo: Éxito en mayoría con varias unidades disponibles (mediana, 5 10): dilema práctico y ético Criterios a considerar (especialmente umbrales) no basados en la evidencia: Basado fundamentalmente en dosis celular y compatibilidad HLA Proceso de selección de unidad de SCU

4 Criterios de selección no bien establecidos Necesidad de considerar diversas variables Desconocimiento de la nomenclatura HLA Diferencias en la información ofrecida por los registros (nivel de resolución alelos HLA, cantidad células CD34+, grupo ABO) Ausencia de informes estándar de los bancos de cordón Problemas del proceso de selección de unidades de SCU

5 Factors to consider for malignant diseases Cell dose is the most important factor for outcome HLA mismatches increase the risk of engraftment delays, TRM and chronic GVHD and decreases the risk of relapse resulting of an absence of the role of HLA mismatches for survival The type of HLA mismatches did not influence outcomes. DRB1 matching seems better Increasing cell dose abrogates the effect of HLA mismatches

6 High-risk AML in CR1 (n = 30) LFS by nucleated cells infused > /kg (n = 18): 75% at 4 y /kg (n = 12): 25% at 4 y P = 0.03 Sanz J et al. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2009 (in press)

7 Leukemia-free Survival Adjusted Probability, % Months CB matched (n=35) 60% CB 1-Ag MM high (n=157) 45% BM matched (n=116) 38% CB 2-Ag MM (n=267) 33% CB 1-Ag MM low (n=44) 35% Eapen et al. Lancet 2007

8 5/6 Match4/6 Match <2.5 Threshold effectContinuous effect 30% 70% 50% < >10 Impact of Cell Dose and HLA Match on Survival New York Blood Center SurvivalCell Dose (× 10 7 /kg) 5/6 match 4/6 match

9 Overall Survival HLA A, B (LR), DRB1 (HR) Match I I II I I I I IIII HLA A, B, DRB1 (HR) Match II III II I III IIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIII II Probability Months Post-Transplant I I II II I I III IIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIII I II IIIII I I I IIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII I I IIII IIIIII 5/6 or 6/6, N=104 4/6, N=121 3/6, N=53 5 – 6/6 v 3 – 4/6 P = – 6/6 v 4/6 v 3/6 P = 0.05 HLA A, B, C, DRB1, DQB1 (HR) Match I I IIIIIIIIII I I I I I I I III II IIIIIIIII 9/10 or 10/10, N=38 6,7 or 8/10, N= /10, N=59 Probability Months Post-Transplant II IIIIIIIII I I I I I III I I III I I I IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIII I IIIIIIIIIIIIII 9 – 10/10 v Other P = –10/10 v 6–8/10 v 2–5/10 P = 0.06 Kurtzberg J et al. Blood 2008

10 UCBT malignant disorders (n=929) Overall survival according to number of HLA and cell dose P= Overall survival 0-1 HLA and cell dose >= HLA diff and cell dose >= 2 2 HLA diff and cell dose >= HLA and cell dose < 2 2 HLA diff and cell dose < HLA diff and cell dose < 2 Months

11 Requirements for cell dose are higher than for malignant disorders HLA mismatches play a major role for engraftment, GVH and survival It is partially abrogated by increasing cell dose 2 HLA DRB1 mismatches seem to have an adverse effect Factors to consider for non-malignant diseases

12 Guidelines for UCB unit choice Guidelines for UCB unit choice Eurocord 2004 original criteria At least 4/6 HLA match NCs at freezing above 3.0 × 10 7 /kg Gluckman E et al. Exp Haematol 2004; 32:

13 Number of CD34+ cells is relevant after different types of SC transplants Autologous transplants –Impact on engraftment –Quality control of adequate mobilization Allogeneic (HLA-id sibs and MUD) transplants –Impact on time to engraftment –Long-term outcome

14 Why CD34+ cell dose was not included in criteria for guiding UCB unit choice? Not enough data to base recommendation Measurement of CD34+ cells is not standardized –Great differences in CD34+ counts among units from different CB banks could emerge NC dose could be considered a good surrogate of CD34+ cell dose (good correlation between CD34+ cells and NCs) Economic reason: data not available for more than 50% UCB units worldwide at that time

15 Number of CD34+ cells is also relevant after UCB transplants Impact on engraftment (children and adults ) Impact on survival (children and adults – some series) Review by Rocha V & Gluckman E on behalf of Eurocord/EBMT. Br J Haematol 2009; 147:

16 Results Probability of neutrophil recovery according to number of CD34+ infused (10 5 /kg)* (per percentile) (n=665) CD34+: < 1.7= 79% CD34+: = 87% CD34+:>3= 94% * 501/665 pts with available information

17 Results Probability of neutrophil recovery according to number of TNC infused (10 7 /kg) (per percentile) (n=665) TNC < 2,67= 79% TNC 2,67-3,91= 80% TNC 3,91-5,96 = 91% TNC > 5,96= 90%

18 CD34+ cell dose ( 10 5 /kg) and probability of myeloid engraftment after UCBT Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, Spain (unpublished)

19 Interaction between collected nucleated cells/kg and CD34+ cells/kg CD34 Mononucleated cells R = 0.63 (P < )

20 Guidelines for UCB unit choice Guidelines for UCB unit choice Eurocord 2009 criteria for non-malignant disorders UCB unit with 5/6 or 6/6 HLA match –Minimum number of NCs at freezing 2.5 × 10 7 /kg, or –Minimum CD34+ cells at freezing or infused 1.2 × 10 5 /kg UCB unit with 4/6 HLA match –Minimum number of NCs at freezing × 10 7 /kg, or –Minimum CD34+ cells at freezing or infused 2 – 2.5 × 10 5 /kg Rocha V & Gluckman E on behalf of Eurocord/EBMT. Br J Haematol 2009; 147: HLA match should be given priority

21 Guidelines for UCB unit choice Guidelines for UCB unit choice Eurocord 2009 criteria for malignant disorders UCB unit with 5/6 or 6/6 HLA match –Minimum number of NCs at freezing 2.5 × 10 7 /kg, or –Minimum CD34+ cells at freezing or infused 1.2 × 10 5 /kg UCB unit with 4/6 HLA match –Minimum number of NCs at freezing 3.5 × 10 7 /kg, or –Minimum CD34+ cells at freezing or infused 1.7 × 10 5 /kg Rocha V & Gluckman E on behalf of Eurocord/EBMT. Br J Haematol 2009; 147:

22 Guidelines for UCB unit choice Guidelines for UCB unit choice Eurocord 2009 criteria These thresholds in cell dose imply to recommend double cord transplants for most adult patients

23 Should it be possible to use a lower CN and CD34+ threshold for UCB transplants in adults with a single unit if BOTH cell dose criteria are included in UCB unit choice? Should it be possible to use a lower CN and CD34+ threshold for UCB transplants in adults with a single unit if BOTH cell dose criteria are included in UCB unit choice? Protocol UCBT GETH 2005

24 HLA compatibility 4/6 –HLA-A and -B (antigen level) –DRB1 (allele level) Cell dose at cryopreservation (both criteria) –Nucleated cells (NCs) > /kg and –CD34+ cells > /kg (> /kg if NCs between 1.5 and /kg) Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 UCB unit criteria GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data

25 Good engraftment after unrelated UCBT in adults with thiotepa, oral busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and ATG 1 Less toxicity and similar efficacy with single daily dose IV busulfan and fludarabine compared to oral busulfan and cyclophosphamide 2 1 Sanz GF et al. Blood 2001; 98: De Lima M et al. Blood 2004;104: Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 Rationale for conditioning regimen

26 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 Conditioning regimen BU FLU ATG TT Thiotepa 5 mg/kg/d IV in 4 hs, days -7 and -6 Busulfan 3.2 mg/kg IV in 3 hs, days -5, -4, and -3 Fludarabine 50 mg/m 2 /d IV in 1 h, days -5, -4, and -3 Thymoglobulin 2 mg/kg/d days -5, -4, -3, and -2 GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data

27 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 (n = 89) Myeloid engraftment (PMN > /L) GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data Cumulative incidence: 94% Median: 19 days

28 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 (n = 89) Platelet engraftment (platelets > /L) GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data Cumulative incidence: 80% Median: 44 days

29 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 (n = 89) Acute GVHD GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data Grade II – IV: 24% Grade III – IV: 11% Grade II – IV: 26% Grade III – IV: 13%

30 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 (n = 89) Early non-relapse mortality (NRM) GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data NRM100: 15% NRM180: 22%

31 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 (n = 89) Relapse risk (RR) RR at 3 yr: 18% GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data

32 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 (n = 89) Disease-free survival (DFS) DFS at 3 yr : 41% Median follow-up (range): 33 (8 – 49) mo GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data

33 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 (n = 89) DFS at 2 yr by status of disease at transplant P = Early (n = 46): 52% Intermediate (n = 23): 38% Advanced (n = 20): 18 % GETH cooperative group. Unpublished data

34 Protocol UCBT GETH 2005 Concluding remarks The inclusion of CD34+ cell dose among the criteria for UCB unit choice and the use of new less toxic myeloablative conditioning regimens improves engraftment and early NRM and results in comparable long-term outcomes to those reported with double UCB transplants Single-unit UCB transplants remains an acceptable alternative for most adult patients with hematologic malignancies

35 Variables a considerar en la selección de la unidad de SCU para adultos con neoplasias hematológicas (HU La Fe, 2009)

36 Dosis celular: CNs y células CD34+ Compatibilidad HLA Otras CFU-GM y viabilidad CD34+ Compatibilidad ABO Banco de SCU Año de congelación ¿Incompatibilidad KIR? Variables a considerar en la selección de la unidad de SCU

37 Dosis Celular de la Unidad

38 Criterio fundamental de selección Considerar células nucleadas y células CD34+ (criterio de calidad de la unidad) Dosis mínima a la congelación de ambas: Células nucleadas: 150 × 10 9 ó 2 × 10 7 /kg Células CD34+: 7 × 10 6 ó 1 × 10 5 /kg Relación células nucleadas/CD34+ adecuada (0,1% - 1%) Dosis celular

39 Compatibilidad HLA

40 Al menos 4 de 6, considerando A y B a nivel antigénico y DRB1 a nivel alélico Dirección HvG (rechazo) más importante: homocigosidad en unidad de SCU preferible A igualdad de dosis celular: seleccionar la HLA más compatible A igualdad dosis celular y compatibilidad HLA baja resolución: seleccionar la más compatible por alta resolución Evitar doble disparidad en DRB1 en casos con compatibilidad 4 de 6 Compatibilidad HLA

41 Otros factores

42 CFU-GM Mejor criterio de viabilidad de las CPH Clara relación con prendimiento Evitar unidades con escaso número de CFU-GM y preferir aquellas en las que se dispone del dato Relación con CD34+ de 1/10 Viabilidad CD34+ Los estudios actuales de viabilidad celular no detectan células CD34+ en estadios precoces de apoptosis Viabilidad por anexina 5 inferior al 75% predice unidad que injerta en doble TSCU CFU-GM y viabilidad CD34+

43 Incompatibilidad ABO mayor se asocia a peor injerto y supervivencia A igualdad de dosis celular elegir ABO compatible Compatibilidad ABO

44 Years Probability P= % %69 PMN Engraftment after UCBT (n=409) ABO compatibility Major (n=135) Compatible or minor (n=274)

45 Identical (n=171) 40% 45% Minor (n=103) Major (n=135) 44% ,0,8,6,4,2 0,0 Survival after UCBT (n=409) ABO compatibility

46 Banco de cordón Criterio de calidad Preferible banco acreditado NetCord Año de congelación Mayor automatización y mejores estándares de calidad en unidades congeladas recientemente Preferible unidad congelada recientemente Banco de cordón y año de congelación

47 La incompatibilidad KIR se asocia a menor tasa de recaída y mayor supervivencia en pacientes con LMA en remisión (Eurocord 2009) No contrastado en otras series Incompatibilidad KIR

48 Effect of KIR Ligand Mismatching on GVH Direction after UCBT: LFS in AML and ALL Willemze R et al. Leukemia 2009 AMLALL

49 Cumulative relapse incidence without KIR-ligand incompatibility in the GvH direction (n=149) 37%±4 at 2 yrs with KIR-ligand incompatibility (n=69) 20%±5 at 2 yrs p=0. 03 Months

50 Recomendaciones finales en la selección de la mejor unidad de SCU para trasplante Siempre que haya varias unidades que cumplan los criterios establecidos, la selección de una de ellas no es tan relevante Es mejor llegar al trasplante que perder al paciente durante la búsqueda: es preciso optimizar el proceso y reducir el tiempo de búsqueda


Descargar ppt "Criterios de selección de unidades de sangre de cordón umbilical para trasplante Hospital Universitario La Fe, Valencia, 2009 Guillermo Sanz."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google