Presentación del tema: "El Imperfecto When referring to the past, there are two verb tenses in Spanish. They are used depending on the type of events and actions being described."— Transcripción de la presentación:
1 El ImperfectoWhen referring to the past, there are two verb tenses in Spanish. They are used depending on the type of events and actions being described. You already learned preterit now you will learned the Imperfect verbs
2 El Imperfecto Yo aba Yo ía tú abas Tú ías él/ ella/ usted aba To express habitual, repeated*, ongoing actions/events in the past.To describe a person, place thing, time, age, feelings, weather, setting or background of an event in the past. “used to…” “would…” or “was verb+ing verb”Regular endingsYo íaTú íasél/ ella/ usted íaNosotros íamosEllos/ ellas/ustedes íanYo abatú abasél/ ella/ usted abaNosotros ábamosEllos/ ellas/ustedes aban
3 El Imperfecto -AR endings ER /IR endings Yo -aba Yo -ía Tú -abas Él abaNosotros -ábamosVosotros -abáisEllos abanYo íaTú íasÉl íaNosotros - íamosVosotros - íaisEllos ían
4 El Imperfecto- irregulares SERYo era I was, used to (would) beTú eras You were, used to(would) beÉl era He was,used to(would) beNosotros éramos We were, used to (would) beVosotros erais You all were, all used to(would)beEllos eran They were, used to (would) be
5 Formas del Imperfecto de IR Yo iba I was goingI used to goTú ibasYou were goingYou used to goÉl ibaHe was goingHe used to goNosotros íbamosWe were goingWe used to goVosotros ibaisYou all were goingYou all used to goEllos ibanThey were goingThey used to go
6 El Imperfecto Yo veía I was seeing/ I used to see VERYo veía I was seeing/ I used to seeTú veías You were seeing/ You used to seeÉl veía He was seeing/ He used to seeNosotros veíamos We were seeing/ used to seeVosotros veíais You all were seeing/ used to seeEllos veían They were seeing/ used to see
7 Let’s review: El Pretérito The Preterit is used…To describe specific completed actions that occurred at ac point in time or during a certain period of time.It describes what happened, what occurred.(generally –ed ending verbs in English or verbs like went, spent, bought, fell, swam, scuba dove)EX.El año pasado mis padres pasaron las vacaciones en Colombia.Last year my parents spent their vacation in colombia.Ana se resbaló, se cayó y se torció el tobillo.Ana slipped, fell and twisted her ankle.
8 El Imperfecto The imperfect is used: To express habitual, repeated*, ongoing actions/events in the past.(*actions repeated an undetermined # of times)To describe the background of a main action in the past regarding: time, weather, age, physical appearance, feelings, beliefs and emotional statesGives the idea of “used to…” “would…” or “was verb+ing verb” in English.
9 El Imperfecto Yo llamaba Tú llamabas Él llamaba Nosotros llamábamos I used to (would) callI was callingTú llamabasYou used to (would) callYou were callingÉl llamabaHe used to (would) callHe was callingNosotros llamábamosWe used (would) to callWe were callingVosotros llamabáisYou all used to (would) callYou all were callingEllos llamabanThey used to (would) callThey were calling
10 Preterite vs Imperfect Words often (but not always) used with the Imperfecto:Los domingos- on sundaysLos sábados por la nocheLos fines de semanaCada día / Todos los díasAntesEn el pasadoAlgunas veces-sometimesA veces-sometimesDe vez en cuando-from time to timeSiempre-alwaysNunca-neverA menudo-oftenRaramente / Rara vez-rarelyPor lo general/ generalmenteUsualmenteMientras… (while)Words often (but not always) used with the preterito:El domingo- on sundayEl sábado pasadoEl fin de semana pasadoAyer-yesterdayAnteayerAnoche-last nightEl día anterior-the day beforeEl otro día-the other dayUna vez-once/ one timeDos veces-twicePor primera vezDe repente-suddenlyDe pronto-suddenlyPor fin / finalmentesíúóéáñ