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Subjects and verbs in sentences Subject pronouns Formal v. informal you Apuntes c1g1.

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Presentación del tema: "Subjects and verbs in sentences Subject pronouns Formal v. informal you Apuntes c1g1."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Subjects and verbs in sentences Subject pronouns Formal v. informal you Apuntes c1g1

2 I. Subjects and Verbs English and Spanish sentences have a subject and a verb. Mrs. Perez is my teacher. La Señora Perez es mi profesora. Mrs. Perez is my teacher. La Señora Perez es mi profesora. The subject is the person, place or thing that is: The subject is the person, place or thing that is: _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ doing something being described or defined The verb is either: The verb is either: an _______________________ (run, sing, etc) - OR- an _______________________ (run, sing, etc) - OR- a word like ______, ____, or ______ that links the subject to a description or definition a word like ______, ____, or ______ that links the subject to a description or definition action word areis am

3 Underline the subject and the verb in the English and Spanish sentences below. 1. Paco is my friend. Paco es mi amigo. 2. Mrs. Corsino is from Colombia. La señora Corsino es de Colombia. 3. The girl is Sofia.La muchacha es Sofia. 4. The teacher is Mr. Eisold.El profesor es el señor Eisold. circle

4 Underline the subject and the verb in the English and Spanish sentences below. 1. Paco my friend. Paco mi amigo. 1. Paco my friend. Paco mi amigo. circle is es 2. Mrs. Corsino from Colombia. La señora Corsino de Colombia. 2. Mrs. Corsino from Colombia. La señora Corsino de Colombia. is es 3. The girl Sofia. La muchacha Sofia. 3. The girl Sofia. La muchacha Sofia. is es 4. The teacher Mr. Eisold. El profesor el señor Eisold. 4. The teacher Mr. Eisold. El profesor el señor Eisold. is es

5 Página 12, Actividad 13 Sujeto 1.Susana 2.She 3.Mrs. Garcia 4.She 5.Susana 6.(Ella) 7.La señora Garcia 8.(Ella) Verbo 1.Is 2.Is 3.Is 4.Is 5.Es 6.Es 7.Es 8.Es

6 6 Snap or Clap 5. Amaya 4. José 3. Javier 2. David 1. Laura 8. Antonio 7. Carlos 6. Señorita Gever 9. Fabio 10. Elisa

7 Página 13, Actividad Laura, es (ella) 2. Juan, es (él) 3. La señora Ayala, es (ella) 4. El señor Garza, es (él) 5. El muchacho, es (él) 6. La señorita Jiménez, es (ella) 7. Ramiro, es (él) 8. Don Pablo, es (él) 9. Doña Lourdes, es (ella)

8 II. Pronouns / Subject Pronouns In a sentence, pronouns take the place of __________. nouns Fill in the blanks with the logical pronouns in the following sentences: Mr. Garcia is my science teacher. _______ is nice. Mr. Garcia is my science teacher. _______ is nice. Teresa is a student in my math class. ________ is nice. Teresa is a student in my math class. ________ is nice. Pablo and his family currently live in Chile, but _______ are moving to Argentina next month. Pablo and his family currently live in Chile, but _______ are moving to Argentina next month. He She they

9 Pronouns (cont.) Subject pronouns: take the place of a ________ in a sentence. Subject pronouns say who is doing the action or who is being described or defined. Subject pronouns say who is doing the action or who is being described or defined. In Spanish, the subject pronoun can be __________ if everyone knows whom you are talking about: In Spanish, the subject pronoun can be __________ if everyone knows whom you are talking about: (Yo) soy Elena. Juan es un compañero de clase. (Yo) soy Elena. Juan es un compañero de clase. (Yo) Soy de Cuba. (Él) es mi mejor amigo. (Yo) Soy de Cuba. (Él) es mi mejor amigo. In a sentence, pronouns take the place of nouns. subject left out

10 Leaving out the Pronoun Éste es Pablo. Él es mi compañero de clase. (él) Es mi mejor amigo. Éste es Pablo. Él es mi compañero de clase. (él) Es mi mejor amigo. Ella se llama Paula. (Ella) Es estudiante. (Ella) Es mi mejor amiga. Ella se llama Paula. (Ella) Es estudiante. (Ella) Es mi mejor amiga.

11 Subject Pronouns (p. 2) Singular Singular Plural Plural WeI You He, she, it You (all) They In English:

12 Subject Pronouns – In Spanish Singular Singular Plural Plural _____ I _____ I _____ you (friend) _____ you (friend) ______ you (adult) ______ you (adult) _____ he / it _____ he / it _____ she / it _____ she / it ___________ we - all males or mixed ___________ we - all males or mixed ___________ we - all female ___________ we - all female ___________ you all - friends in Spain; ___________ you all - friends in Spain; all male/mixed all male/mixed ___________ you all - friends in Spain; ___________ you all - friends in Spain; all female all female ___________ you all - adults in Spain; ___________ you all - adults in Spain; friends and adults in L.A. friends and adults in L.A. ___________ they - all males or mixed ___________ they - all males or mixed ___________ they - all female ___________ they - all female yo tú usted él ella nosotros nosotras vosotros vosotras ustedes ellos ellas

13 Subject Pronouns – Substitution (p. 2) 1. Felipe es un estudiante nuevo. ______ 2. Teresa y Clara son buenas amigas. ______ 3. Héctor y yo somos estudiantes en la clase de arte. ______ 4. María es una compañera de clase. ________ 5. El señor Martinez y la señora Hernandez son profesores. ____ In the following sentences, underline the subject and decide which Spanish pronoun you would use to replace the subject in the sentence.

14 14

15 Subject Pronouns – Llave (p. 2) 1. Felipe es un estudiante nuevo. ______ In the following sentences, underline the subject and decide which Spanish pronoun you would use to replace the subject in the sentence. Él 2. Teresa y Clara son buenas amigas. ______ Ellas 3. Héctor y yo somos estudiantes en la clase de arte. ________ Nosotros 4. María es una compañera de clase. ________ Ella 5. El señor Martinez y la señora Hernandez son profesores. ___ Ellos

16 III. The many Yous in Spanish (p. 3) In Spanish, you use a DIFFERENT pronoun for you depending on your relationship with the person: Talking to ONE person (you) Talking to ONE person (you) Familiar (a friend, relative, someone your age) – use _____ Familiar (a friend, relative, someone your age) – use _____ Formal (an adult, someone to whom you show respect) – use ________ Formal (an adult, someone to whom you show respect) – use ________ tú usted

17 III. The many Yous in Spanish (p. 3) Talking to MORE THAN ONE person (you all) Talking to MORE THAN ONE person (you all) 1. Friends * or adults – use ____________ (*except for friends in SPAIN – see below) (*except for friends in SPAIN – see below) 2. In Spain ONLY: 2. In Spain ONLY: For friends – use ____________ (males/mixed) For friends – use ____________ (males/mixed) use ____________ (all females) use ____________ (all females) For adults – use ________________ For adults – use ________________ ustedes vosotros vosotras ustedes

18 Práctica What pronouns would you use to address (talk TO)… 1. …two or more teachers? 2. …a group of female students (in Latin America)? 3. …a group of female students (in Spain)? 4. …your best friend? 5. …a school principal? 6. …two or more classmates (in Latin America)? 7. …a group of male and female students (in Spain)? 8. …three of your friends, all male (in Spain)? 9. …three of your friends, all female (in Latin America)? ustedes vosotras tú usted ustedes vosotros ustedes

19 Pronoun Rap pronoun-paradise/

20 Página 15, Actividad Yo 2. Él 3. Tú 4. Yo 5. Ella 6. Nosotras 7. Ustedes

21 Actividad: Gram. 1-1 (Manipulatives) Talking TO someone else: Organize people or groups of people according to which YOU in Spanish you need to speak TO them. túusted MORE THAN 1 PERSON MORE THAN 1 PERSON ustedes vosotros vosotras


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