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Actividad Inicial Get a Libro de Escritura off the front table. Write your name and class period on the front. Turn to the first page and label it this.

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Presentación del tema: "Actividad Inicial Get a Libro de Escritura off the front table. Write your name and class period on the front. Turn to the first page and label it this."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 Actividad Inicial Get a Libro de Escritura off the front table. Write your name and class period on the front. Turn to the first page and label it this way: Write at least 30 words on this topic. Total the words at the bottom. GO! Tema: Cuéntame de ti.1 septiembre 2011 While you write, I will be stamping your countries/capitals maps (p.14-15). # words: ___

3 Announcements Notebook Check next Thursday Due today: Countries/Capitals Map

4 VERBS Verbs are ACTION WORDS or words like am, is, or are that describe people or things. The infinitive of a verb is the form that has not been conjugated. – English infinitives always start with the word to. Conjugation is the process of changing a verb when you use it with a specific subject (or person). 2223

5 Regular Verbs A regular verb is one that follows standard rules when you conjugate it. To conjugate regular verbs: 1.Drop the ending. (-ar, -er, or –ir) 2.Add a new ending depending on who the subject is. (there are different endings for –ar, –er, and –ir verbs) Lets start with –ar verbs! Lets start with –ar verbs! p.22 habl com escrib ar er ir This is called the stem of the verb

6 To conjugate regular –ar verbs: 1.Drop the –ar 2.Add one of these: -o-amos -as-áis -a-an yo tú usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas Example: hablar(to_______) habláis Yo Tú Usted Él Ella Ustedes Ellos Ellas hablo hablas habla hablamos hablan speak I speak You speak He speaks She speaks We speak Yall speak They speak p.22 hablar Stem!

7 -o-amos -asx -a-an yo tú usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas

8 Regular –er & -ir Verbs Verbs that end in –er or –ir also have their own endings for when you conjugate. The process is the same as –ar verbs: To conjugate regular verbs: 1.Drop the ending. 2.Add a new ending depending on who the subject is. (there are different endings for –ar, –er, and –ir verbs) Now lets discuss -er & -ir verbs! Now lets discuss -er & -ir verbs! p.22 com escrib er ir

9 To conjugate regular –er verbs: 1.Drop the –er 2.Add one of these: -o-emos -es-éis -e-en yo tú usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas Example: comer (to_______) coméis Yo Tú Usted Él Ella Ustedes Ellos Ellas como comes come comemos comen eat p.22 comer Stem!

10 To conjugate regular –ir verbs: 1.Drop the –ir 2.Add one of these: -o-imos -es-ís -e-en yo tú usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas Example: escribir (to_______) escribís Yo Tú Usted Él Ella Ustedes Ellos Ellas escribo escribes escribe escribimos escriben write escribir Stem! p.22

11 -o-emos -esx -e-en yo tú usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas -o-imos -esx -e-en yo tú usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas -er verbs endings: -ir verbs endings:

12 Ser: the verb to be In English, the verb to be is the most common verb. In Spanish ser means to be Ser is the infinitive. The conjugated forms of ser are: sois soy eres es somos son yo tú usted él/ella ustedes ellos/ellas p.22

13 The verb ir The verb ir means to It is an irregular verbit doesnt follow any rules!! It is conjugated this way: ¡Ojo! Dont get the verb ir confused with –ir verbs! voyvamos vasvais vavan yo tú usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas Youll almost always use a with your form of ir to say where someone went to go a + el = al p.22

14 voyvamos vasx vavan yo tú usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas

15 The Verb Estar The verb estar means to. Estar is used to talk about how someone is : ¿Cómo estás? Estoy bien, gracias. Estar is and its forms must be memorized. It is conjugated this way: What other verb also means to be? Ser & Estar BOTH mean to be!! Well discuss rules later! be feeling irregular estoyestamos estásX estáestán yo tú él / ella / usted ellos / ellas / ustedes 120

16 Verbs with Irregular Yo Forms salir (to go out) salgosalimos salessalís salesalen hacer (to do, to make) hagohacemos haceshacéis hacehacen poner (to put) pongoponemos ponesponéis poneponen saber (to know information) sésabemos sabessabéis sabesaben traer (to bring) traigotraemos traestraéis traetraen ver (to watch/to see) veovemos vesveis veven GO verbs: tener, venir, poner, salir, traer, decir, hacer 2223 tener (to have) tengotenemos tienestenéis tienetienen venir (to come) vengovenimos vienesvenís vienevienen decir (to say, to tell) digodecimos dicesdecís dicedicen dar (to give) doydamos dasdais dadan conocer (to know a person) conozcoconocemos conocesconocéis conoceconocen

17 Stem-Changing Verbs When you conjugate a verb, you first drop the,, or off the end. What you are left with is called the. In Stem-Changing Verbs, there is a of spelling in the stem when you conjugate it in all forms except_____. -ar-er-ir stem change nosotros (and vosotros) 23

18 Stem-Changing Verbs The -to-last vowel changes in this type of verb, and it changes this way: O __E _E _ Because the stem-change happens in all forms but, the verb chart looks kind of like a boot. All forms in the boot change! second ueie nosotros (and vosotros) 23 i

19 poder (to be able to, can) puedopodemos puedespodéis puedepueden dormir (to sleep) duermodormimos duermesdormís duermeduermen volver (to come) vuelvovolvemos vuelvesvolvéis vuelvevuelven 23

20 empezar (to begin) empiezoempezamos empiezasempezáis empiezaempiezan querer (to want) quieroqueremos quieresqueréis quierequieren cerrar (to close) cierrocerramos cierrascerráis cierracierran 23

21 servir (to serve) sirvoservimos sirvesservís sirvesirven pedir (to ask for, to order) pidopedimos pidespedís pidepiden repetir (to repeat) repitorepetimos repitesrepetís repiterepiten 23

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23 Reflexive Verbs

24 Reflexive Verbs! Reflexive verbs use their own special kind of pronouns, reflexive pronouns. These can replace or be used with subject pronouns. Either way, you have to use the reflexive pronoun with a reflexive verb. lavarse (to wash oneself) Yo me nos lavamos Tú te lavasX Usted se lava Él se lava Ella se lava Ustedes se lavan Ellos se lavan Ellas se lavan menos teos se Me lavo las manos. You HAVE TO use one of these with reflexive verbs! 23 levantarse (to get up) me levantonos levantamos te levantasos levantáis se levantase levantan vestirse (i) (to dress oneself, to get dressed) me vistonos vestimos te vistesos vestís se vistese visten

25 Reflexive Verbs: How to conjugate 1.Drop -se & choose the pronoun (based on the subject) 2.Conjugate the verb (based on the subject) a)Drop the –ar, -er, or –ir b)Add your ending depending on who the subject is TúTeX Él/Ella/UstedSe Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes -o-amos -asX -a-an -o-emos -esX -e-en -o-imos -esX -e-en I want to say I bathe in Spanish. -ar verbs -er verbs-ir verbs bañse me ar o Put the pronoun before the verb 23

26 Reflex your verby! yIg yIg Video.php?video_id=63837&title=Reflex_Your _Verby&vpkey Video.php?video_id=63837&title=Reflex_Your _Verby&vpkey

27 Verb Relay!

28 Tarea Complete your graphic organizer. A scanned copy of the vocabulary pages you need are on our website! If you have problems with that, come before school on Tuesday and use one of my textbooks! Do not use an online dictionary for this homework!


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