La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

12.3 The present subjunctive ANTE TODO With the exception of commands (imperative mood) all of the verb forms you have been using have been in the indicative.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "12.3 The present subjunctive ANTE TODO With the exception of commands (imperative mood) all of the verb forms you have been using have been in the indicative."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 12.3 The present subjunctive ANTE TODO With the exception of commands (imperative mood) all of the verb forms you have been using have been in the indicative mood. The indicative is used to state facts and to express actions or states that the speaker considers to be real and definite. (present, preterit, imperfect, future, conditional) In contrast, the subjunctive mood expresses the speakers attitudes toward events, as well as actions or states the speaker views as uncertain or hypothetical. (SUBJECTIVITY)

2 12.3 The present subjunctive The subjunctive is mainly used to express: 1)will and influence 2)emotion 3)doubt, disbelief, and denial 4)indefiniteness and nonexistence General uses of the subjunctive

3 12.3 The present subjunctive The subjunctive is most often used in sentences that consist of a main clause and a subordinate clause. The main clause contains a verb or expression that triggers the use of the subjunctive. The word que connects the subordinate clause to the main clause. A change of subject in the second clause warrants the use of the conjunction que. If there is no change of subject, the infinitive is used. Es muy importante ir al hotel ahora mismo. Main clause Connector Subordinate clause Es muy importante que vayas al hotel ahora mismo.

4 12.3 The present subjunctive These impersonal expressions are always followed by clauses in the subjunctive because they are expressions of will that trigger the subjunctive when the subject changes. The word que means that the second clause will have a different subject. Without que we use the infinitive. Es bueno que… Its good that… Es mejor que… Its better that… Es malo que… Its bad that… Es importante que… Its important that… Es necesario que… Its necessary that… Es urgente que… Its urgent that…

5 12.3 The present subjunctive Present subjunctive of regular verbs hablarcomerescribir SINGULAR FORMS yo hablecomaescriba tú hablescomasescribas Ud. / él / ella hablecomaescriba PLURAL FORMS nosotros/as hablemoscomamosescribamos vosotros/as habléiscomáisescribáis Uds. / ellos / ellas hablencomanescriban

6 12.3 The present subjunctive The present subjunctive is formed very much like usted and ustedes and negative tú commands. From the yo form of the present indicative, drop the -o ending, and replace it with the subjunctive endings. (opposite endings) PRESENT VERB INFINITIVE INDICATIVE STEM SUBJUNCTIVE hablarhablohabl-hable comercomocom-coma escribirescriboescrib-escriba

7 12.3 The present subjunctive The present subjunctive endings are: –ar verbs –er and –ir verbs –e –emos –a –amos –es –éis –as –áis –e –en –a –an

8 12.3 The present subjunctive Verbs with irregular yo forms show the same irregularity in all forms of the present subjunctive.Present Infinitiveindicative Verb stemsubjunctive conducir conduzcoconduzc- conduzca conocer conozco conozc- conozca decir digo dig- diga hacer hago hag- haga ofrecer ofrezco ofrezc- ofrezca oír oigo oig- oiga

9 12.3 The present subjunctive Present Infinitiveindicative Verb stemsubjunctive parecer parezco parezc- parezca poner pongo pong- ponga tener tengo teng- tenga traducirtraduzco traduzc- traduzca traer traigo traig- traiga venir vengo veng- venga ver veo ve- vea

10 12.3 The present subjunctive To maintain the -c, -g, and -z sounds, verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar have a spelling change in all forms of the present subjunctive. sacar saque, saques, saque, saquemos, saquéis, saquen jugar juegue, juegues, juegue, juguemos, juguéis, jueguen almorzar almuerce, almuerces, almuerce, almorcemos, almorcéis, almuercen

11 12.3 The present subjunctive Verbs that end in -ar and -er that are stem-changing verbs have the same stem changes in the subjunctive as they do in the present indicative. (boot) pensar (e:ie) piense, pienses, piense, pensemos, penséis, piensen mostrar (o:ue) muestre, muestres, muestre, mostremos, mostréis, muestren entender (e:ie) entienda, entiendas, entienda, entendamos, entendáis, entiendan volver (o:ue) vuelva, vuelvas, vuelva, volvamos, volváis, vuelvan Present subjunctive of stem-changing verbs

12 12.3 The present subjunctive –Ir stem-changing verbs have the same stem changes in the subjunctive as they do in the present indicative, but in addition, the nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms undergo a stem change. The unstressed e changes to i, while the unstressed o changes to u. (like the preterit 3 rd person stem change) pedir (e:i)pida, pidas, pida, pidamos, pidáis, pidan sentir (e:ie)sienta, sientas, sienta, sintamos, sintáis, sientan dormir (o:ue)duerma, duermas, duerma, durmamos, durmáis, duerman

13 The following five verbs are irregular in the present subjunctive. Irregular verbs in the present subjunctive darestarir SINGULAR FORMS yo déestévaya tú desestésvayas Ud. / él / ella déestévaya PLURAL FORMS nosotros/as demosestemosvayamos vosotros/as deisestéisvayáis Uds. / ellos / ellas denesténvayan

14 12.3 The present subjunctive Irregular verbs in the present subjunctive saberser SINGULAR FORMS yo sepasea tú sepasseas Ud. / él / ella sepasea PLURAL FORMS nosotros/as sepamosseamos vosotros/as sepáisseáis Uds. / ellos / ellas sepansean The following five verbs are irregular in the present subjunctive.

15 12.3 The present subjunctive ¡ATENCIÓN! The subjunctive form of hay (there is, there are) is also irregular: haya.

16 12.3 The present subjunctive 1. (alquilar, beber, vivir) que yo _______________ alquile beba viva 2. (estudiar, aprender, asistir) que tú _______________ estudies aprendas asistas ¡INTÉNTALO! Indica el presente de subjuntivo de los siguientes verbos. Es importante…

17 12.3 The present subjunctive 3. (encontrar, poder, dormir) que él ________ encuentre pueda duerma 4. (hacer, tener, venir) que nosotros _____ hagamos tengamos vengamos

18 12.3 The present subjunctive 5. (dar, hablar, escribir) que ellos ____ den hablen escriban 6. (pagar, empezar, buscar) que ustedes __ paguen empiecen busquen

19 12.3 The present subjunctive 7. (ser, ir, saber) que yo ________ sea vaya sepa 8. (estar, dar, oír) que tú ________ estés des oigas

20 12.3 The present subjunctive 9. (arreglar, leer, abrir) que nosotros ____ arreglemos leamos abramos 10. (cantar, leer, vivir) que ellas ______ canten lean vivan


Descargar ppt "12.3 The present subjunctive ANTE TODO With the exception of commands (imperative mood) all of the verb forms you have been using have been in the indicative."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google