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Capitulo 1: ¡Mucho gusto!

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Presentación del tema: "Capitulo 1: ¡Mucho gusto!"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Capitulo 1: ¡Mucho gusto!
¡Ven Conmigo! Spanish 1 Capitulo 1: ¡Mucho gusto!

2 Primer paso Objectives: Saying hello and goodbye
Introducing people and responding to an introduction Asking how someone is and saying how you are

3 Saying hello ¡Hola! Buenos días. Buenas noches. (7:00 P.M.)
Buenas tardes. (12:00 P.M. – 6:00 P.M.)

4 Saying goodbye Adiós. Goodbye. Bueno, tengo clase. Well, I have class.
Chao. Bye. Hasta luego. See you later. Hasta mañana. See you tomorrow. Tengo que irme. I have to go.

5 Nota Cultural Spanish speakers often greet each other with a handshake or a kiss. In Spain, friends may greet each other with a light kiss on both cheeks. Latin Americans kiss on only one cheek. When men greet each other, they often shake hands, pat each other on the back, or hug. Young people often shake hands when they meet or say goodbye. Family members usually greet each other with a kiss.

6 Introductions Me llamo … My name is … Soy… I am …
¿Y tú? ¿Cómo te llamas? And you? What’s your name? Este es mi amigo… This is my (male) friend… Esta es mi amiga… This is my (female) friend… Se llama… His/her name is… ¡Mucho gusto! Nice to meet you! Encantado/a Delighted to meet you. Igualmente. Same here.

7 Asking how someone is To ask: ¿Cómo estás? How are you? ¿Y tú?
And you? ¿Qué tal? How’s it going? To respond: Estoy (bastante) bien, gracias. I’m (pretty) well, thanks. Yo también. Me too. Estupendo/a. Great. Excelente. Great. Excellent. Regular. Okay. Más o menos. So-so. (Muy) mal. (Very) bad. ¡Horrible! Horrible!

8 Asking how someone is Continued…
Throughout Spain and Latin America: ¿Qué pasa? What’s happening? ¿Qué hay? What’s up? México: ¿Qué hubo? What’s up? ¿Qué onda?

9 Subject pronouns tú and yo
Use the pronoun yo to refer to yourself. In Spanish, yo (I) is not capitalized, except at the beginning of a sentence. Use tú (you) when you’re talking to another student, a friend, or to someone who is about your own age. Notice that tú has an accent. PRACTICE: tú and yo Which pronoun is implied but not stated in each sentence? ¿Cómo te llamas? Me llamo Mercedes Margarita. Soy Francisco. ¿Cómo estás, Francisco? Estoy bien, gracias.

10 Nota Cultural Interpersonal Distance (La distancia interpersonal)
To discuss: You’re sitting on a crowded bus. When one more passenger gets on, you should… a) move over and make room for the newcomer, even if it means rubbing shoulders with the person next to you. b) keep your place and avoid touching your neighbor. 2. You’re standing on the street corner talking to a close friend. Your friend will probably expect you to stand… a) about an arm’s length away. b) close enough to allow your friend to touch you without reaching.

11 Nota Cultural To comprehend:
a. Buses are often crowded, and people expect to squeeze together. This may take some getting used to! b. Generally, Spanish speakers stand and sit closer to one another than most people in the United States do. Your Spanish-speaking friend might think you’re a little bit unfriendly if you stand too far away.

12 Cultura: España (norte)

13 Segundo paso Objectives: Asking and saying how old someone is
Asking where someone is from Saying where you are from

14 Asking and saying how old someone is
To ask: ¿Cuántos años tienes? How old are you? ¿Cuántos años tiene? How old is (he/she)? To answer: Tengo … años. I’m … years old. Tiene … años. (He/she) is … years old.

15 Asking where someone is from and saying where you’re from
To ask: ¿De dónde eres? Where are you from? ¿De dónde es…? Where is … from? To answer: Soy de los Estados Unidos. I’m from the United States. Es de… (She/He) is from… When talking about where someone is from, forms of ser are always used. The words soy, eres, and es are all forms of the verb ser, which is one way to say to be in Spanish.

16 Forming questions with question words
1. So far you’ve learned to ask questions using several different words. ¿Cómo estás? How are you? ¿Cómo te llamas? What’s your name? ¿Cuántos años tienes? How old are you? ¿De dónde eres? Where are you from? These question words have accents. 2. Notice that ¿cómo? can mean how? or what? depending on context.

17 Tercer paso Objectives: 1. Talking about likes and dislikes

18 Talking about likes and dislikes
To answer: Me gusta la comida mexicana. I like Mexican food. Me gusta mucho el tenis. I like tennis a lot. No me gusta la natación. I don’t like swimming. Sí, pero me gusta más el béisbol. Yes, but I like baseball more. To ask: ¿Qué te gusta? What do you like? ¿Te gusta…? Do you like…? ¿Te gusta el fútbol? Do you like soccer?

19 Vocabulario: Los deportes Sports
el baloncesto el béisbol el fútbol el fútbol norteamericano la natación el tenis el voleibol

20 Vocabulario: La comida Food
la cafetería el chocolate la comida mexicana (italiana, china…) la ensalada la(s) fruta(s) la pizza

21 Vocabulario: La música y las clases
el jazz la música clásica la música pop la música rock la música de… Las clases el español la clase de inglés la tarea

22 Nouns and definite articles
Nouns are words used to name people, places, things and ideas. All the nouns in the vocabulary have definite articles el or la (the) before them. Generally el is used before masculine nouns and la before feminine nouns. When learning new nouns, always learn the definite article that goes with the noun at the same time.

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