Presentación del tema: "Using adjectives in Spanish It’s a “fashion-conscious” language and everything has to match. Don’t pair plaid with polka dots!"— Transcripción de la presentación:
Using adjectives in Spanish It’s a “fashion-conscious” language and everything has to match. Don’t pair plaid with polka dots!
What do adjectives do? O Adjectives describe nouns. O The black cat O The big red dog O In Spanish, the adjectives usually FOLLOW the noun! O El gato negro O El perro grande rojo O In other words, in Spanish, we tell you what we are describing and THEN describe it!
Adjectives and Gender O In Spanish, every noun has a gender (masculine or feminine). O The gender of a noun must be learned. O Nouns ending with –o are usually masculine. O Nouns ending with –a are usually feminine. To help you learn the gender of a noun, each noun is given with its definite article.
Adjectives and Gender Adjectives must match the nouns they describe in GENDER. O In other words, a masculine noun must be paired with a masculine adjective and a feminine noun requires a feminine adjective.
Adjectives and Gender O Masculine adjectives often end in –o O El vestido rojo O To make a masculine adjective feminine, you may change the –o ending to an –a ending. O La chaqueta roja O Most adjectives that end with –e match both genders. O El vestido verde O La chaqueta verde O Many adjectives that end with a consonant match both genders. O La camisa azul O El zapato azul
Adjectives and Number In Spanish, every noun has a number (singular or plural). To make an adjective plural: add –s to adjectives ending in a vowel. El vestido rojo - Los vestidos rojos add –es to adjectives ending in a consonant. El vestido azul – Los vestidos azules When an adjective describes a group with both genders, the masculine form of the adjective is used. La camisa y el sombrero son amarillos.
O When adjusting an adjective to match a noun, ALWAYS adjust the adjective to match the GENDER first, then make any necessary changes for number.
A practicar… O Now let’s see how you do! Using the worksheet provided, let’s write sentences describing what the following celebrities are wearing. O Make sure your Spanish sentences are as fashion-conscious as the celebs are! Match your nouns and adjectives appropriately! No plaid with polka dots!
¿Qué lleva Minnie Mouse? Minnie Mouse lleva una falda rosada y blanca.
¿Qué lleva Will Ferrell? Will Ferrell lleva un sombrero verde.
¿Qué lleva Beethoven? Beethoven lleva una camisa blanca.
¿Qué lleva Lionel Messi? Lionel lleva una chaqueta verde.