Presentación del tema: "SPANISH PRONUNCIATION 101 ( La Pronunciación). Did you know… That all of the sounds in Spanish are sounds you are already know? –Its true! General American."— Transcripción de la presentación:
SPANISH PRONUNCIATION 101 ( La Pronunciación)
Did you know… That all of the sounds in Spanish are sounds you are already know? –Its true! General American English has about 41 different phonemes (or different clusters of letters that together make one sound) whereas Spanish only has 24. This means that youll only need about half of the sounds you probably already know to begin speaking a foreign language.
¡Comencemos! (Lets begin)
Las Vocales A (ah)
Las Vocales E (eh)
Las Vocales I (ee)
Las Vocales Why not (Oh)? Notice that, when pronounced, the English O ends with a slight W sound. –Oh-wuh The Spanish O does not end in a W sound. O (just o)
TONGUE TWISTER #1 Ese oso se asea. Se asea ese oso.
N (eh - neh) Ñ (eh - nyeh)
a e i o u na ne ni no nu ña ñe ñi ño ñu el niño la niña ni - ñoni - ña
nenenena nenanoninu nenanoninu u - no, u - na, u - na ne - na Una nena.
M (eh - meh)
a e i o u ma me mi mo mu la mano el mono ma - nomo - no
mamomimume mamomimume ma no, mo na, mo no, mo ño, mo ña, ma ña mama, ma má, mimo, mi mó Mi ma má me ama. Me ama mi ma má. Mi ma má me mima. Me mima mi ma má. Mi niño menea una mano. Menea una mano mi niño.
a e i o u da de di do du el dedo la dona de - dodo - na
El niño nada. La niña nada.
L (el - leh) Ll (eh - yeh) =Y Ll is treated as a letter of its own in the Spanish alphabet. The Ll and the Y are used interchangeably depending on the word.
a e i o u la le li lo lu la leña la lluvia le - ñallu - via lla lle lli llo llu
The G Rule Not all Gs in Spanish are pronounced the same. Depending on what vowel precedes it, the G may either be pronounced like the hard G in the word get, or like the H in the word hen. If G comes before A, O, or U, it is pronounced with a hard G. If G comes before E or I, it is pronounced like an H. For example...
a e i o u ga ge gi go gu el gato la gitana ga - togi - ta - na ¡Ole! REMEMBER: The G before A, O, and U is hard as in get. The G before E or I is pronounced H as in hen.
The C Rule Similar to the Gs, Cs are also pronounced differently when coupled with an E or an I. For example: –the C before an A, O, or U is pronounced like the hard C in can. –the C before an E or I is pronounced like the soft C in cent. For example...
a e i o u ca ce ci co cu la calle el cielo ca - lleci - e - lo
(che) Ch Ch is treated as a letter of its own in the Spanish alphabet, as well as in many other alphabets. It is pronounced as the Ch in chair.
a e i o u cha che chi cho chu la leche la lechuga le - chele - chu - ga
Next is the letter R First, try pronouncing the letter R as you usually do. –Notice how only the sides of your tongue touch the roof of your mouth. Try it! When pronouncing the Spanish R, the tip of your tongue should also touch the roof of your mouth. –Doing so will make your Rs sound swishy.
The Trill: RR Now, with the tip your tongue lightly touching the roof of your mouth, exhale strongly. Doing so will cause a vibration between the tip of your tongue and the roof of your mouth. Try it! You have successfully trilled the R!
(eh - reh) R NOT (air - rey)! Notice the difference! Remember, its important to pronounce the Spanish R as accurately as possible. Practice, practice, practice!
a e i o u ra re ri ro ru la rosael charro ro - sacha - rro
TONGUE TWISTER #2 R con R cigarra. R con R barril. Corren rá pido los carros cargados de a zú car del ferrocaril.
(hoh - tah) J This letter is pronounced (hoh - tah). When grouped with other letters, it is pronounced like the H in hen. (Recall that ge and gi are also pronounced like the H in hen )
a e i o u ja je ji jo ju el ja món el jugo de naranja ja - món ju - go de na - ran - ja
(ah - cheh) H As indicated, the name of this letter is pronounced (ah - cheh). However, this letter makes no sound when grouped with letters other than C. Thats right: the Spanish H on its own is completely silent !
a e i o u ha he hi ho hu el helado Honduras he - la - doHon - du - ras
el cerillo Ahora, el re sú men. ¿Es tá n listos? el gaucho el jar rón
las almohadas el cochelos girasoles la democracia