Presentación del tema: "Conducir a la defensiva"— Transcripción de la presentación:
1Conducir a la defensiva Vehículos comerciales motorizadosSlide Show NotesThis training session on defensive driving has been designed for drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles, or CMVs.
2Objetivos de la sesión Usted podrá: Reconocer los peligros del conducir y las condiciones peligrosasEvitar posibles accidentesInspeccionar y mantener su vehículoManejar su vehículo seguroResponder ante emergencias y accidentesSlide Show NotesBy the end of this training session, you will be able to:Recognize driving hazards and dangerous conditions;Respond to a specific hazard or dangerous condition and react in time to avoid an accident;Inspect and maintain your vehicle;Operate your vehicle safely; andRespond to emergencies and accidents.
3Las Muertes y Lesiones en accidentes se pueden evitar Alrededor de 5,000 muertes relacionadas con los vehículos comerciales motorizados, o CMVMás de 12,000 lesiones relacionadas con los CMVMás de 650 camioneros murieron trabajandoCamioneros sufren más lesiones no letales que los trabajadores en cualquier otro empleoSlide Show NotesHere are a few national yearly accident statistics related to CMVs, which are defined as over 10,000 pounds combined cargo and vehicle:There are around 5,000 CMV-related fatalities, and only 14% of these fatalities occurred to the truck occupants.There are more than 120,000 CMV-related injuries, and only 20% of injuries occurred to the truck occupants.More than 650 truck drivers die on the job, representing 12% of all types of workplace deaths, the most fatalities of any single job title or occupation.Truck drivers have more nonfatal injuries than workers in any other occupation. Half of the nonfatal CMV driver injuries are serious sprains and strains, and the other injuries are bruises, fractures, cuts and lacerations, soreness, and multiple trauma.
4Peligros manejando Conducción temeraria Conductores distraídos Conducta agresiva al volanteFatigaMal estado de funcionamiento del vehículoAlcohol o drogasSlide Show NotesA good driver is someone who recognizes real and potential hazards, including:Reckless driving, such as speeding, weaving through traffic, ignoring signs and signals, tailgating, and dangerous passing;Distracted drivers, including drivers using cell phones, putting on make-up, eating or drinking, writing or reading, and having conversations with passengers. These drivers aren’t aware of their surroundings;Aggressive drivers, who can easily create a “road rage” situation that is dangerous for all drivers—remember to keep your cool, even in stressful situations;Driver fatigue that results in poor judgment and slow reaction times;Vehicles in poor operating condition, such as brakes that are not working effectively, lights that are out, and tires that are bald; andFinally, other drivers that are under the influence of alcohol or drugs, including prescription or over-the-counter drugs. Drivers impaired by drugs or alcohol cause about one-third of all traffic accidents.
5Condiciones peligrosas Malas condiciones meteorológicas: lluvia, nieve, hielo, vientos fuertes y nieblaCondición de carreteraMala iluminación o luz solar cegadoraSlide Show NotesDefensive drivers are also aware of the following situations:Bad weather conditions, including rain, snow, ice, fog, and severe winds;Challenges in the road itself, such as sharp curves, uneven surfaces, and obstacles in the road; andFinally, roads that are not well lit at night. Also, glaring sunlight, especially at sunrise or sunset, can make it difficult to see.
6Condiciones peligrosas (cont.) Tráfico intensoCruces activosAccidentesCargas que se muevenSlide Show NotesOther dangerous conditions include:Heavy traffic, because of the close location of the other cars and cars that are switching lanes and trying to pass each other;Many busy intersections, including railroad crossings, pose dangers from oncoming traffic;Accidents caused by other vehicles. This can create extremely dangerous conditions for drivers approaching or involved in the accident; andFinally, cargo that shifts or moves during transport. This can cause loads to unbalance the vehicle. Loads can also fall on the road.
7Sea conductor a la defensiva Reconozca las situaciones de manejo peligrosasSuponga que los otros conductores cometerán erroresHaga ajustes si se desarrolla un peligroMire hacia delante por si se aproximan peligrosObserve los vehículos a sus lados y por detrásEscudriñe el camino antes de cambiar de velocidad o direcciónSiempre use sus direccionales/intermitentesConduzca con las luces puestasSlide Show NotesHere’s how to be a defensive driver:Recognize potentially hazardous situations sufficiently in advance to allow time to safely maneuver past them.Assume that other drivers may make mistakes, and be on guard in the event an error is made.Adjust speed, position, direction, and your level of attention to be able to maneuver safely if a hazard develops.Search ahead of what is immediately in front to have advance warning of approaching hazards. Scan far enough ahead to be able to react safely to approaching situations. Watch for cars passing, merging, changing lanes, putting on their brakes, and signaling to turn.Frequently scan to the side and rear for passing or approaching vehicles. Avoid sudden stops. Give the vehicles behind you a warning by tapping quickly on your brakes once or twice. Use turn signals and brakes well in advance. Give drivers behind you plenty of opportunity to see your warning lights so they can begin to slow down. Give them the opportunity to avoid stopping suddenly.Scan the road and the vehicles around you thoroughly before changing speed or direction.Always remember to use your turn signal before you make a turn so other drivers know where you are going.And finally, always drive with your lights on to ensure you can see—and other drivers can see you.
8Descanse y evite la fatiga Duerma un pocoHaga pausas frecuentesMantenga la cabina bien ventiladaAjuste el ambiente de su vehículoSlide Show NotesDefensive drivers also get rest and avoid fatigue.Avoid fatigue, which results in a trance-like state known as “highway hypnosis.” Fatigue deadens a driver’s senses and slows reactions.Take plenty of breaks. Every 2 hours, stop at a rest stop, gas station, restaurant, etc. Walk around, stretch, go for a jog, or get something to eat or drink.Always keep your cab well ventilated. Stale air can cause you to become drowsy.Finally, adjust your vehicle’s environment. Open a window, change the radio station, and don’t use cruise control.
9Los cinturones de seguridad salvan vidas Más de 110,000 vidas salvadas en 25 añosEvitan que se estrelle contra el tableroLo mantiene dentro del vehículoLos huesos fuertes absorben el choque en vez de los órganos delicadosMás probabilidad de permanecer conscienteLo mantiene al volante si vira o frena de repenteSlide Show NotesDefensive drivers know that seat belts save lives, so they always wear theirs. Here’s what you need to know:According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, more than 110,000 lives have been saved by seat belts in the past 25 years.A properly worn seat belt will prevent you from hitting the dashboard, steering wheel, or windshield if you are involved in an accident.A seat belt will keep you inside the vehicle, which increases your chances of survival. You are 25 times more likely to be killed when thrown from the vehicle during an accident.The seat belt is designed to use your body’s strong bones to absorb the shock, rather than damaging delicate internal organs.Wearing a seat belt increases your chance of remaining conscious after a crash. When conscious, you will be able to get out of the vehicle and help others get out, if necessary.Finally, a seat belt keeps you in control of the vehicle if you are forced to swerve or brake suddenly. Instead of being tossed out of the seat and no longer in control of the vehicle, you are in place and in control in case more action is necessary.
10Uso de Drogas Cuando este de servicio, nunca tenga ni use: Opiato AnfetaminasNarcóticosAlcoholCualquier otra sustancia que le haga un conductor inseguroSlide Show NotesDrivers must never be on duty and personally possess, be under the influence of, or use the following:Opiates;Amphetamines;Narcotic drugs or derivatives;Alcohol—this means you cannot be under the influence of alcohol or have a measured alcohol concentration or detected presence of alcohol while on duty or operating a CMV within 4 hours of going on duty; orAny other substance that may render you incapable of safely operating a CMV.
11Ejercicio de peligros de conducir Encuentre el peligro potencial que corresponda al conductor arriesgadoConductoresPeligroConductor imprudenteConductor distraídoConductor agresivoConductor fatigadoCrea situaciones de furia al volanteReacción reducidaSlide Show NotesIn this exercise, try to match the hazardous types of drivers on the left with the potential hazards they cause on the right.Have trainees try to match the correct answers before clicking to the next screen.Conducir pegado al auto de delanteIgnorante de los alrededores
12Peligros de conducir— ¿alguna pregunta? ¿Alguna pregunta sobre los peligros del conducir y condiciones peligrosas?¿Alguna pregunta sobre cómo evitar posibles accidentes?Slide Show NotesNow it’s time to ask yourself if you understand the information presented so far. Do you understand driving hazards and dangerous conditions?Do you understand how to avoid potential accidents? It is important for your safety on the road that you understand the dangers you face when you get behind the wheel as well as how to avoid them.
13Inspección antes de manejar Bocina, luces y direccionalesLimpiar las ventanas, espejos y lucesBanda de rodamiento y presión de aire de los neumáticosFugas debajo del vehículoFrenos y direcciónSlide Show NotesOnce you are ready to get on the road, perform a pre-drive inspection of your vehicle’s operating condition:Test your horn to make sure it works correctly. Check front and rear lights, brake lights, and turn signals to make sure they are all operating correctly.Make sure your vehicle’s windows, mirrors, and lights are clean. Vision is a vital part of safe driving.Inspect your tire tread, look for any signs of damage, and make sure tires have adequate pressure. Keep a tire gauge in the vehicle to check the tire pressure on a regular basis.Look for any fluid leaks under the vehicle, such as oil or antifreeze.Finally, check your brakes by stopping quickly while going only a few miles an hour. The vehicle should respond by stopping right away. Also check for excessive steering wheel play.Follow your organization’s procedures and use your organization’s pre-drive inspection checklist.Bring copies of a pre-drive inspection checklist that is used at your workplace. Make changes to this slide to reflect your inspection checklist.
14Mantenga su Vehículo Puesta a punto con regularidad Cambios de aceite Niveles de anticongelanteFrenosBateríaSistema de aire comprimidoCambios de neumáticosSlide Show NotesMaintain your vehicle by following the maintenance procedures on the time lines described in the vehicle’s owner’s manual.Perform regular tune-ups that include changing spark plugs and wires as well as inspecting and changing belts and hoses.Change the oil on a regular basis. Check the owner’s manual for the type of vehicle you drive.Maintain antifreeze or coolant levels and check them for both winter and summer driving conditions.Have brakes inspected and replaced per the requirements of the owner’s manual.Make sure the battery is in good condition and maintains a good charge.Be sure to check that your compressed air system is in good working condition.Finally, change the tires per the tire manufacturer’s recommendations. If your climate has weather conditions such as snow or lots of rain, change the tires more often to maintain good tread during adverse weather.
15Asegurando la cargaLa carga debe estar distribuida y asegurada correctamenteVerifique a menos de 50 millas y haga ajustesVuelva a verificar si:Hay un cambio de servicioEl vehículo se ha manejado 3 horas o 150 millasSlide Show NotesYour vehicle’s cargo must be properly distributed and adequately secured before you will be allowed to operate the vehicle.You must check your cargo and the devices used to secure the cargo within the first 50 miles after beginning the trip and make adjustments to the cargo or load securement devices if necessary to ensure the cargo cannot shift or fall.You must recheck the cargo and load securement devices if:You make a change to your duty status; orThe vehicle has been driven for 3 hours or 150 miles.
16Realice el control de arranque/marcha atrás Camine alrededor del vehículoControle los puntos de poca visibilidad a la derecha y al frenteRectifique los espejosDespués de la inspección mueva el vehículoArranque lentamenteToque la bocina o aliste a un señaleroSlide Show NotesStarting up forward or backward, or steering left or right from a stopped position can create an unexpected hazard for both the driver and bystanders.Before start-up or back-up, therefore, perform the following inspection:Walk around the vehicle and look underneath to ensure you have safe clearance for start-up;Check blind areas on right and in front as well;Check mirrors for proper adjustment;After your walk-around check, don’t delay moving vehicle— do not allow time for another hazard to approach;Start up slowly at first to allow other vehicles and pedestrians, who may have unexpectedly approached, to move away safely; andTap horn in congested areas or recruit a signal person.
17Repostar Mientras reposta un CMV, nunca: Reposte un CMV con el motor corriendoFume ni exponga ninguna llamaPonga gasolina sin que la boquilla esté en contacto con el tubo de gasSlide Show NotesThere are several rules you must follow in order to safely fuel your CMV. When fueling, always remember:Never fuel a CMV with the engine running, except when it is necessary to run the engine when fueling;Never smoke or expose any open flame in the vicinity of a CMV being fueled; andNever fuel the vehicle unless the nozzle of the fuel hose is in constant contact with the intake pipe of the fuel tank.
18Derecho de pasoAl entrar en el tráfico, confluir, doblar a la izquierda o a la derechaNo obligue a los otros conductores a frenar o maniobrarSuponga que los otros conductores no lo van a verMuévase sólo después de que se le haya cedido el "derecho de paso"Slide Show NotesPrevent accidents by giving the “right-of-way” until it is apparent that right-of-way is being given by the other driver. Here’s how it works:Generally, the driver who arrives last gives right-of-way to those who were already there. Give right-of-way when entering traffic, when turning left in front of approaching traffic, and when changing lanes.Do not force other drivers to brake or steer because of your obstructive maneuver into their path.Assume other drivers will not see you and avoid you when you maneuver into their path.Finally, move into your intended path or direction only after you are assured that you have been given the right-of-way and you will not conflict with other traffic—and remember to use your turn signal before turning.
19Uso y cambio de carriles Mantenga una distancia prudenteRecorra con la mirada el camino por delanteHaga señales con las luces de frenoRecorra con la mirada los puntos de poca visibilidad antes de pasarse de carrilLimpie y rectifique los espejosSlide Show NotesLane use and lane changing accidents primarily result from following too closely or being inattentive to traffic conditions ahead. Here’s how to avoid accidents:The most important rule in lane usage is to maintain a safe following distance. Use any method you feel comfortable with. Just try to ensure that if the driver in front of you slams on his or her brakes, you can avoid a collision, stay in your lane, and not be hit by the vehicle following you all at the same time.Scan ahead of what is immediately in front of you. If you cannot see ahead of the vehicle you are following, increase your following distance.If you see trouble ahead, flash your brake lights to alert drivers following you.Blind spots to the right of large vehicles are well known. However, automobile drivers may not know you cannot see them as they pass you on the right. Scan to the right thoroughly before steering into the next lane. Give right-of-way, don’t take it.Finally, clean mirrors and check adjustment frequently.
20Franquear las curvas Comprenda cómo y por qué ocurren los vuelcos Disminuya la velocidad antes de entrar en una curvaManténgase lejos del borde de la carreteraAsegúrese de que la carga esté seguraLa carga inestable más pesada en la parte superior lo hace más propenso a los vuelcosLos remolques vuelcan primeroSlide Show NotesDefensive drivers know how to negotiate curves safely. Here’s how:Prevent rollover accidents by understanding how and why rollovers occur and how to judge safe speed when approaching and negotiating curves.Reduce speed before entering curve. If you enter curves too fast, you may not have enough time to slow down before rolling over. Note that maintaining speeds at curve advisory may not be slow enough to prevent rollover of commercial vehicles.Stay off the shoulder in curves. Your right or left side wheels may drop or sink down into a shoulder and increase your chance of rollover.Ensure that cargo loads are secured to prevent moving from side to side.Remember that top-heavy cargo will cause commercial vehicles to roll over in curves at speeds lower than those loaded with flat compact cargo.Finally, remember that since trailers usually begin to roll first, you may not know you are rolling over until it is too late.
21Franquear las bajadas Mantenimiento del sistema de frenos Selección de marchaPresión ligera de los frenosNo aplique sólo los frenos del remolqueCompruebe el funcionamiento de los frenos antes de descender cuestas largas y pronunciadasSlide Show NotesHere’s what you need to know to prevent accidents on downgrades:The main reason for loss of control on downgrades is brake failure due to improper control techniques by the driver. The brake system may also be damaged or maladjusted and may not have sufficient capacity for downgrade control.The gear to select for descending a grade should be no higher than that required for ascending the same grade. Some vehicles may require lower gears going down than going up. Know your vehicle.Don’t use more than light brake pressure, such as 10 psi, to slow your speed. If speed cannot be controlled with light pressure, use a lower gear ratio. Do not coast.Don’t use the hand lever to apply trailer brakes only. You could overheat trailer brakes and not have enough capacity in the tractor to control speed adequately.Instead, stop, put truck in proper gear, and check brake function before descending long, steep grades.
22Cruzando intersecciones Suponga que es posible que el tráfico que cruza no obedezca los avisos y las señales de controlConceda el tiempo suficiente para que su vehículo completo y el remolque despejen el caminoLos conductores que se aproximan pueden no darse cuenta de que tiene un remolque enganchadoMantenga limpios los reflectores y las luces lateralesSlide Show NotesTrucks and buses take much more time to cross and clear intersecting roads than automobiles. Drivers of large vehicles must recognize these problems and take special care when crossing intersections, particularly uncontrolled intersections. Here’s what to do:Approach intersections with the assumption that cross traffic may not obey traffic control, and anticipate the need for avoidance.When crossing an uncontrolled intersection, allow enough time to clear entire road with rear of vehicle without interfering with cross traffic. Don’t count on cross traffic slowing down to let you pass. They may not see you.Crossing uncontrolled intersections at night with large vehicles is especially hazardous, because although approaching drivers may see your headlights from the side, they may not realize you have a long trailer following.Finally, keep the sides of your vehicle clean and keep side marker lights operational. Be extra cautious with dark-colored unloaded flatbed trailers.
23Girando Cambiar de dirección es más difícil por el tamaño del vehículo Muévase al carril derecho y haga señalesEspere a los vehículos de los otros carrilesEvite la alineación incorrectaSlide Show NotesMaking left or right turns with long vehicles also creates problems, such as blind spots, wide turns and difficulty judging position. Drivers should recognize the hazards created while turning and follow proper procedures to minimize them.Move to the correct lane well in advance of the intersection, and position your vehicle to make a safe turn;If encroaching on other lanes, wait for other vehicles to clear and then turn slowly; andBe careful that improper tracking does not cause the vehicle or trailer to ride up onto a curb or strike stationary objects.
24Cruzando vías férreasDeténgase de 15 a 50 pies de, y no menos de 15 pies de las víasPare y mire hacia ambos ladosNo cambie de marcha mientras cruza las víasSlide Show NotesHere’s how to drive defensively at railroad tracks:Stop your vehicle within 50 feet of, and not closer than 15 feet to, the tracks;Stop and look both ways before crossing railroad tracks; andDo not shift gears when crossing the railroad tracks.
25Adelantando Asegúrese de que no lo estén pasando a usted Señale su intención de pasarMire al conductor al que está sobrepasandoTenga cuidado con los vehículos que entran en la carreteraEsté atento al tráfico que viene de frenteNo participe en una carreraSlide Show NotesSafe passing maneuvers require well-developed skills and judgment. Because the driver must perform several tasks in a short time during passing, the chance of an error is high unless the maneuver is done cautiously. Here’s how to pass other vehicles safely:Before you pass, check to be certain no one is passing you.Signal your intentions to pass.Assume the driver in front of you doesn’t know you are passing. That driver may pull to the left to pass a vehicle in front or make a left turn.While you are passing, watch carefully for vehicles that may be entering the roadway from side roads or driveways.Assume vehicles approaching from the opposite direction will not see you or slow down for you to complete your passing maneuver. Watch for vehicles passing other vehicles from the opposite direction.Finally, if the vehicle you are trying to pass speeds up, let it go. Don’t get into a dangerous race. Don’t take risks. If in doubt, don’t pass.
26Peatones Espere lo inesperable Los peatones tienen dificultad calculando su velocidadLos peatones suponen que usted los veAsegúrese de que le den el derecho de pasoEvite la alineación incorrecta del remolqueRecorra con la vista los puntos ciegosSlide Show NotesPedestrians often misjudge the speed and closeness of a commercial vehicle and assume you can and will slow down for them. You can avoid accidents by anticipating that pedestrians will make such errors and by being prepared to compensate. Here’s what you need to be aware of:When maneuvering close to pedestrians, expect the unexpected.It is difficult for pedestrians to correctly judge how fast you are approaching. If you are going faster than normal for the area, the pedestrian may judge there is time to cross when there really is not.Pedestrians will often assume that you see them and that you will slow down for them to complete their crossing. At night especially, pedestrians assume you can see them because they can see your headlights so easily.Don’t assume they will give you the right-of-way until it is obvious they are waiting for you to pass.Remember, improper trailer tracking in turns may cause your trailer to run onto the sidewalk. Turn wide enough to avoid this and go very slowly.Finally, pedestrians often walk or stand in the blind spots in front and to the right of your vehicle. Scan around vehicle thoroughly when pedestrians are present.
27Tracción reducidaAumente la distancia que lo separa del vehículo de adelanteDisminuya la velocidadFrene con cuidado y maniobre suavementeLos frenos son más propensos a bloquearse cuando tienen poca cargaDeslizarse hacia los costados en las curvas elevadasSlide Show NotesFailure to adjust to adverse conditions is a major cause of accidents. Reduced traction conditions include rain, snow, ice, slush, and gravel. Defensive drivers should learn to keep their own vehicle safely under control, and also be prepared to compensate for errors other drivers make during such poor driving conditions. Here’s what to do:Increase following distance enough to avoid a rear-end collision if another driver brakes hard and/or suddenly.Use moderation in judging safe speed. To maintain a safe stopping distance, slow down, but not so much that you become a hazard to drivers behind you.Apply brakes gently and steer without jerky movements. Use lower gears.Beware when running empty or bobtailing. Lightly loaded wheels lock up easily during braking, which can cause jackknifing.Finally, beware of traveling on slick, banked curves. The vehicle might slide sideways into opposing traffic or off the road.
28Visibilidad reducida Disminuya la velocidad Tenga cuidado con los vehículos detenidos o que circulen lentamente delante de ustedEncienda los faros antiniebla o las luces intermitentes de emergenciaMantenga las luces y el parabrisas limpiosSalga del camino y espereSlide Show NotesReduced visibility conditions include twilight, darkness, rain, snow, and fog. Here’s how to drive defensively in these conditions:Use moderation in judging safe speed. To maintain a safe stopping distance during reduced visibility, slow down, but not so much that you become a hazard to drivers behind you.When encountering fog, even just a small foggy patch in a hollow or valley, slow down. There may be a stalled or slow vehicle hidden behind that wall of white.It is also smart to turn your headlamps on low beam or turn on fog lamps to increase your visibility and your chances of being seen by other motorists. Use emergency flashers in extreme conditions.Keep vehicle clean, especially headlights, windshield, and taillights.Finally, be prepared to get off the road and wait for conditions to improve, if necessary.
29¿Verdadero o falso?ý1. Una vez que la carga esta distribuida y asegurada correctamente no hay necesidad de verificarla por que así se insegura.üLa carga debe ser inspeccionada a menos de las primeras 50 millas.üSlide Show NotesWhich of these statements do you think are true and which are false?Take some time to discuss with your trainees the answers to these questions before showing the answers. When you are ready, click to show the correct answers.2. Antes de arrancar o ir marcha atrás, debe andar alrededor de su vehículo en busca de peligros.
30¿Verdadero o falso? (cont.) ü3. En el uso de carriles la regla más importante es las de mantener una distancia segura.ý4. Debe pararse entre 5 y 15 pies de vías férreas.üPare de 15 a 50 pies antes de las vías.Slide Show NotesWhich of these statements do you think are true and which are false?Take some time to discuss with your trainees the answers to these questions before showing the answers. When you are ready, click to show the correct answersü5. La marcha que use para bajar un cuesta no debe ser más alta a la que se requiere para subir esa misma cuesta.
31Hábitos de conducir seguros: ¿alguna pregunta? ¿Tiene alguna pregunta acerca de las inspecciones y el mantenimiento básico de su vehículo?¿Tiene preguntas con respecto a cómo manejar su vehículo en forma prudente?Slide Show NotesNow it’s time to ask yourself if you understand the information presented so far. Do you understand how to perform inspections and basic maintenance of your vehicle?Do you understand how to operate your vehicle safely through a variety of maneuvers and in a variety of conditions? It is important for your safety that you understand how to perform all these safe driving operations.
32Lleve insumos de emergencia Gato y rueda de repuestoBengalasLinternaBotiquín de primeros auxilios y caja de herramientasCables de bateríaBombillas de repuestoMangueras de repuestoGuantesPalancaExtintor de incendiosFusibles de repuestoSlide Show NotesCarrying emergency supplies is an important safe driving practice. Make sure you also know how to properly use the supplies, including tire jack, flares, and jumper cables. Examples of emergency supplies to carry include:Tire jack and spare tire;Flares or other emergency signal devices;Flashlight;First-aid and tool kits;Jumper cables;Spare lightbulbs;Spare hoses;Gloves;Pry bar;Fire extinguisher; andSpare fuses.Always carry the emergency supplies that your facility requires.Bring a list of emergency supplies that you expect your drivers to carry. Adjust this slide to reflect the specific emergency supplies required by your workplace.
33Parado de emergenciaPonga los intermitentes y vaya en punto muerto hasta el costadoColoque las señales de advertencia de emergenciaSolicite ayudaUse el extintor de incendios cuando sea necesarioReemplace los fusibles o las bombillasSlide Show NotesEmergency situations include stalling in a travel lane, stopping for an accident in your path, engine compartment fire, wheel fire, burned-out lightbulbs, or a blown fuse in a lighting circuit. Here’s what to do in specific situations:If you stall while driving, turn on emergency flashers immediately and try to coast to the shoulder if safe to do so.If you stall and stop on the roadway, turn on emergency flashers immediately. Then set up reflective triangles.If you have a CB radio or cell phone, call for help.Controlling and extinguishing fires safely requires special knowledge. If you don’t know how to handle a fire emergency, you can easily make the situation worse and injure or kill yourself. Use your vehicle’s fire extinguisher on the fire. Get away if the fire is not out after the extinguisher has been used up.Finally, replace the fuses or lightbulbs if you have the tools and the knowledge to safely perform this task. If not, call for help.
34Señales de emergencia Active los intermitentes del vehículo Coloque un dispositivo de advertencia a 10 pies del vehículo de frente al tráfico que se aproximaColoque el segundo dispositivo a 100 pies de distancia mirando hacia el tráfico que se aproximaColoque un tercer dispositivo a 100 pies de distanciaNunca adhiera bengalas a su vehículoSlide Show NotesHere’s what you need to know about using your emergency signals:When you stop your vehicle on a highway or shoulder, the vehicle’s flashers must be activated. Flashers must remain on until other warning devices are activated. Flashers must be activated while warning devices are being picked up.The first warning device must be placed on the traffic side of the vehicle, within 10 feet, in the direction of approaching traffic.A second warning device must be placed facing approaching traffic (behind your vehicle) about 100 feet away in the center of the lane or shoulder where the vehicle is stopped.The third device must be placed about 100 feet away from the stopped vehicle, away from approaching traffic, in front of your vehicle.Finally, never attach any flame-producing emergency signal to any part of the vehicle.
35Condiciones de manejo seguro: ¿alguna pregunta? ¿Alguna pregunta sobre cómo responder ante las emergencias y accidentes de vehículos?Slide Show NotesNow it’s time to ask yourself if you understand the information presented so far. Do you understand how to respond to vehicle emergencies and accidents? It is important for your safety that you know what to do in emergency situations on the road.
36Puntos clave Inspeccionar y mantener su vehículo Conocer los peligros de conducir y las condiciones peligrosasConvertirse en un conductor a la defensiva orgullosoUsar el cinturón de seguridadCumplir con las prácticas de manejo prudente en todas las condiciones de conducirMantener su luces puestas y usar los intermitentes/direccionalesSaber cómo responder ante emergenciasSlide Show NotesHere are the key points you should remember about this training session on defensive driving:Inspect and maintain your vehicle;Know driving hazards and dangerous conditions;Become a proud defensive driver;Wear your seat belt;Follow safe driving practices in all driving conditions;Keep your lights on and use turn signals; andKnow how to respond to emergencies.This concludes this training session.Give the quiz, if appropriate.