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Santiago de Chile 23 Nov. 2006 Bruno Altieri VG # 1 Innovación tecnológica en la Agencia.

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Presentación del tema: "Santiago de Chile 23 Nov. 2006 Bruno Altieri VG # 1 Innovación tecnológica en la Agencia."— Transcripción de la presentación:

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2 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 1 Innovación tecnológica en la Agencia Espacial Europea

3 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 2 ESTEC - Noordwijk, the Netherlands European Space Research & Technology Centre Staff EAC - Cologne, Germany European Astronaut Centre Staff - 60 ESOC - Darmstadt, Germany European Space Operations Centre Staff ESRIN - Frascati, Italy European Space Research Institute Staff HEADQUARTERS - Paris, France ESA headquarters houses the Director Generals office, general administration and the main programme directorates. (including Brussels, Kourou liaison, Moscow, Toulouse, Washington and Houston offices). ~500 people ESAC - Villafranca del Castillo, Spain Satellite Tracking Station ~120 people Centros de la ESA

4 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 3 Lisboa 2000 : Hacer de Europea la economia y la sociedad basada en conocimiento mas avanzada del mundo

5 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 4 Por que Europa tiene que invertir en tecnologia espacial 1. el desafio de independencia 2. el deasfio del control del planeta 3. el desafio del mas alla Como no podemos ser mas baratos que China o India, tenemos que ser mejores: mejor tecnologia

6 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 5 XMM-Newton

7 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 6

8 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 7 Grazing incidence optics

9 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 8 Large fast X-ray CCDs

10 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 9 XMM-Newton operations Spacecraft Operations ESOC, Germany TeleCommands Telemetry Raw Data Satellite Tracking Perth, Australia Kourou, French Guyana Mission Planning XMM-Newton Science Operations ESAC, Spain Command Preparation Instrument Monitoring Instrument Calibration Data Archiving Data Distribution Community Support Mission Planning Raw Data Data Processing Leicester, UK Raw Data Processed Data Processed Data

11 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 10 ESAC activities –Satellite tracking station –Science Operations Centre –Science archive centre and science data distribution centre Created in 1978 –25 years of expérience –Operations of satellites IUE, ISO, XMM-Newton –Support to other missions

12 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 11 ESAC

13 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 12

14 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 13 Cebreros

15 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 14 Cebreros

16 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 15 Parte de nuestra cultura Curiosidad natural del Hombre Ciencia de las condiciones extremas Exploracion del Espacio Voluntad de entender el universo que nos rodea Contribuir a una mejor comprension de nuestro medio ambiante y su fragilidad –Nos da conciencia de la casualidad extraordinaria de la vida sobre la tierra Por que la Astronomia ?

17 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 16 Ground-based Astronomy

18 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 17 Por que astronomia espacial ?

19 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 18 XMM-Newton: primera luz

20 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 19

21 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 20 Las inversiones de hoy son las ganancias de mañana y los empleos de pasado mañana Helmut Schmidt

22 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 21 Simbol-X

23 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 22

24 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 23 Corot lanzamiento: dec. 2006

25 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 24

26 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 25 Infrared light – what is it? Infrared light – why?

27 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 26

28 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 27 M16 – the Eagle Nebula

29 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 28 The Cool Universe Herschel spectral coverage –black-bodies 5-50 K continuum radiation dust grains (re-)radiating –gases 10-few100 K brightest atomic/molecular lines Herschel emphasis –formation and evolution of galaxies & stars –ISM physics & chemistry –solar system bodies Herschel strengths –covers ISM SED peaks –wide area mapping –spectral scans, water lines

30 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 29

31 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 30 SPIRE & PACS extragalactic survey(s) Multi- survey near peak of SED => L bol & phot z SPIRE confusion limit is ~15-20 mJy Cover 1 sq.deg. in 2-4 days PACS can provide additional colours and higher resolution 100 sq.deg. to confusion limit MRR model 1300/660/320 sources/sq.deg. and follow-up for brighter sources SPIRE FTS => SED PACS line diagnostics possibly HIFI C +

32 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 31 FIR bridges the submm-NIR/optical gap STOP PRESS !! Spitzer results: 24 μm – 70% 70 μm – 23% 160 μm – 7%

33 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 32 Galactic star formation 0.1L sun protostar at 300 pc =>>

34 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 33 Galactic survey

35 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 34 Star formation & evolution Solar System: Water in Giant Planets Atmospheric chemistry Water activity and composition of comets ISM in Galaxies: Normal galaxies Physical properties of star-forming ISM Dense cores and star-formation: Temperature, density structure Dust properties Stellar IMF ISM in the Milky Way: Structure Dynamics (pressure) Composition (gradients) Late stages of stellar evolution: Winds Shells Asymmetries Composition

36 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG #

37 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 36 HIFI spectral line surveys CSO Spectrum of Orion: 8 nights HIFI: expected less than 1 hour Total HIFI range in 12 hours Spectral survey of Orion-KL showing hundreds of molecular lines with atmospheric transmission overlaid. HIFI will be able to survey outside of the atmospheric windows and at frequencies never probed before, allowing for searches of new molecules.

38 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # Chemistry - also diagnostic tool Ph.D. Thesis, Boonman (2003)

39 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 38 HIFI water line observations Observations by ISO and SWAS/Odin have shown: Water is present in a variety of objects all over the Galaxy. The high resolving power, high sensitivity and large frequency coverage of HIFI, combined with Herschels smaller beam will extend our knowledge by orders of magnitude

40 Santiago de Chile 23 Nov Bruno Altieri VG # 39 Herschel Main Scientific Objectives Formation and evolution of galaxies and structure – Star formation history of the Universe – History of element production – Understanding the Cosmic Infrared Background – Formation of galaxies Formation of stars; physics and chemistry of the interstellar medium – Structure, dynamics, composition of the ISM – Pre-stellar cores to young stellar systems – Circulation/enrichment of the interstellar medium - astrochemistry – Detailed studies of nearby resolvable galaxies Cometary, planetary, and satellite atmospheres – Composition of giant planets – Pristine material in comets – Water activity


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