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Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007.

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Presentación del tema: "Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007

2 Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007 Organization of American States

3 Organization of American States (OAS) Growth with Employment (Integral Development) Accomplishments Culture (Declaration # 38): 3rd Inter-American Ministerial Meeting, Montreal, Canada Nov Focused on preservation and presentation of cultural heritage; cultural identity, diversity, and dignity; the creation of decent work, and the fight against poverty; and the role of indigenous peoples Agreed upon a pragmatic List of Priority Activities for in these priority areas Sustainable Development (Declaration #s 11, 39): 1st Inter-American Ministerial Meeting, Santa Cruz, Bolivia Dec Adopted a strategic plan for improving the sustainable management of water, reducing the risks of natural disasters, and turning the promise of sustainable farm, forest and tourism practices into concrete results Underscored the role that civil society and indigenous peoples play in shaping sustainable development efforts Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) (Declaration #51; Plan of Action 36-37):II SME Congress of the Americas, Mexico City, May 2006 Use of Information and Communications Technology to Promote and Facilitate Trade by SMEs – participation in government purchasing & business match-making JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

4 Science and Technology (Declaration # 45-47) V Meeting Inter-American Committee for Science and Technology, June, 2007 (gender issues to be addressed at special session) 2d Ministerial Meeting, 2008 Education (Declaration #43) 5th Ministerial, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, November 2007 Labor (Declaration #19-21, 56, Plan of Action #27) XV Inter-American Conference of the Ministers of Labor, Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, Sept RIAL Social Development (Declaration #71, Plan of Action #45-60) 1st Ministerial Meeting, Santiago de Chile, first half of 2008 Tourism (Plan of Action #36-37) 1st Ministerial Meeting, second half of 2008 JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas Organization of American States (OAS) Growth with Employment (Integral Development) Next Steps

5 Organization of American States (OAS) Inter-American Declarations/Conventions in Negotiation American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Declaration #31; Plan of Action #51, 60) Inter-American Convention against Racism and All Forms of Discrimination and Intolerance (Declaration #24) Social Charter (Declaration #71) JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

6 Organization of American States (OAS) Human Rights (Declaration #27, 31,32, 63) Rapporteurships on rights of afro-descendants, children, indigenous peoples, migrant workers and their families, persons deprived of their liberty and women as well as on freedom of expression Network of E-Government Leaders of Latin America and the Caribbean- Red GEALC (Plan of Action #68, 69, 72) –in collaboration with ICA Civil Society (Declaration #19, 39, 74; Plan of Action #54, 64, 68) Systematized participation in policy-making process via workshops held prior to ministerial level fora Strengthening Democratic Governance Accomplishments JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

7 Organization of American States (OAS) 7th Conference of Ministers of Defense of the Americas, Managua, Nicaragua, Oct (Declaration #67): Adopted recommendations aimed at modernizing hemispheric defense and security institutions, strengthening the Inter-American Security System, fighting all forms of terrorism, joining forces for peacekeeping missions (such as Haiti), combating the proliferation of small arms, and confronting transnational crime threat 6 th Meeting of Ministers of Justice or Attorneys General of the Americas, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, April 2006 (Declaration # 65) Addressed penitentiary and prison policies; mutual legal assistance in criminal matters and extradition; and cooperation against trafficking in persons and against cyber-crime Strengthening Democratic Governance JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

8 Organization of American States (OAS) Inter-American Convention Against Corruption and the Strengthening of its Implementation Follow-up Mechanism (MESICIC) (Declaration #66, Plan of Action # 17) 2d review held in November 2006 Inter-American Convention against Terrorism (Declaration #69) Strengthening Democratic Governance JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

9 Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007 Inter-American Development Bank

10 Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) This presentation provides information on recent activities undertaken by the IDB in 7 specific areas as set forth in the Mar del Plata Declaration and Plan of Action. The 7 areas are: Natural disasters Remittances Training the labor force Micro, small and medium enterprises Improving the business climate for investment Infrastructure Private sector investment JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

11 Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Growth with Employment (Declaration Mandate 11: Disaster Risk Management) National Initiatives Disaster risk management was included in the programming processes of 12 countries in 2006 Two loan projects and 13 technical cooperation operations were approved in 2006 Regional Initiatives Region-wide Disaster Network meeting in Washington, DC Two sub-regional disaster policy events took place in Barbados and Bolivia Two disaster finance events at IDBs 2006 Annual Meeting in Brazil and with the Caribbean Development Bank in Barbados, June 2006 Disaster Risk Management was featured at the Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Initiative (SECCI) conference in November 2006 (continued…) JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

12 Inter-American Development Bank Growth with Employment (Declaration Mandate 11: Disaster Risk Management) Policy and Financial Instruments IDB approved the establishment of the Disaster Prevention Fund (DPF) and Multidonor Disaster Prevention Trust Fund IDB Management approved the draft Disaster Risk Management (DRM) policy Next Steps Implement the Disaster Risk Management Action Plan in the programming processes of additional countries Seek Board approval for DRM Policy during second trimester of 2007 Finance projects with non-reimbursable financing of the DPF and the Multidonor Trust Fund Prepare a white paper on the IDBs role in risk transfer Organize one hemispheric and at least two sub-regional meetings in 2007 JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

13 Inter-American Development Bank Jobs to Fight Poverty (Declaration Mandate 28: Remittances) Regional Initiatives Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) approved a project to assist Latin American and Caribbean central banks to adopt general principles for remittances services MIF approved 11 additional remittances projects through a joint facility with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) MIF has hosted 5 conferences on various topics germane to remittances Next Steps Conduct studies and organize events on remittances in Mexico, Haiti, and between Spain and Latin America Support a US$10 million facility established by IFAD to finance projects to cut the cost of making money transfers to rural areas Collaborate on remittance-related issues with the Microfinance International Corporation (MFIC), the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, and the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP) JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

14 Inter-American Development Bank Training the Labor Force (Declaration Mandates 40 & 44: Employment and Labor Markets) National Initiatives Comprehensive labor market loans to Mexico, Panama, Peru and the Dom. Rep. TC grants to support labor capacity in Central America and the Dominican Republic, youth training and quality employment creation in Colombia First comprehensive evaluation of the effectiveness and gender impact of a public employment service in Mexico Regional Initiatives Emphasis on links between education, training and competitiveness Evaluation of Bank-financed labor market programs Next Steps Enterprise Compact for the Majority part of the Opportunities for the Majority Initiative will support greater human capital investment and expand the Banks labor markets, employment, and competitiveness program New labor markets analysis for Paraguay; gender impact analysis in Chile TC grants to support labor market and training programs in Honduras, Nicaragua JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

15 Inter-American Development Bank Micro-, Small- and Medium- Sized Enterprises as an Engine for Growth (Declaration Mandate 54: MSMEs) Regional and National Initiatives The IDB Group (IDB, Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC), and MIF) approved 209 operations related to MSMEs, for approximately US$1.8 billion in 2006 Projects foster microfinance development by enhancing MSME access to technology, business opportunities, services and financing Next Steps Channel additional resources to MSMEs through the recently launched Opportunities for the Majority Initiative Continue with IDBs knowledge dissemination strategy (through research, the annual Forum on Microenterprise) and seek new innovative mechanisms to promote regional development JSGW – Follow Up Report on IV Summit Mandates

16 Inter-American Development Bank Framework for Creating Decent Work (Declaration Mandate 55: Improving the Business Climate) National Initiatives Belize and the Province of San Juan (Argentina) joined the IDBs Business Climate Initiative (BCI) Diagnostic studies for Barbados, Belize, Brazil and with a new focus on the sub- national level in large countries, the Province of San Juan (Argentina) Completion, in partnership with the World Bank, of the Business Enterprises Economic Performances Surveys (BEEPS) for eight countries Next Steps Three new projects entered the BCI pipeline: Argentina, the Dominican Republic, Honduras and El Salvador Argentina – implementation of the prioritized actions from the BCI Action Plan, Peer Review of the Antitrust Law, Institutions and Policies Dominican Republic – update the business incorporation law, update firm registry system Honduras – Government Agenda for Private Sector Development El Salvador – improve access for SMEs to government procurement JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

17 Inter-American Development Bank Growth with Employment (Plan of Action Mandate 40: Infrastructure Development) Regional Initiatives Establishment of the Infrastructure Fund (InfraFund) in 2006 with US$20 million catalyst for project preparation US$2.344 billion in infrastructure projects and US$1.5 million in technical assistance operations approved by the Bank between May 2006-January 2007 Launch of the Sustainable Energy and Climate Change Initiative (SECCI) in 2006 to find sound energy options Creation of a new cluster of activities focused on promoting clean energy markets (MIF) Non-lending activities to advise public policy: numerous technical studies and best practice papers, conferences, seminars and forums Next Steps Direct US$12 billion towards infrastructure programs during the next five years JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

18 Inter-American Development Bank Growth with Employment (Plan of Action Mandate 44: Private Sector Investment) Regional Initiatives IDB Group approved US$1.384 billion in 2006 to non-sovereign clients, financing more than US$5 billion in investments in the region New clients including public companies in the infrastructure sector and private entities in all sectors of the economy Increase in IDBs lending limits per project Adoption of Local currency Framework Support to companies to restructure their debt Creation of the InfraFund Next Steps Strengthen IDBs non-sovereign guarantee lending program Enhance work with private sector with the establishment of a new IDB Vice- Presidency for Private Sector and Non-Sovereign Guaranteed Operations (VPSP) JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

19 Implementation of the Mandates of the I V Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007 Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

20 Growth with Employment (Declaration Mandates 4, 7, 11, 13) Much of the Commissions work in this area has consisted of monitoring economic developments in order to perform its role as one of the leading sources of comparable information for the region, including the following outputs: Publications Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean (Aug. 2006) Preliminary Overview of the Economies of Latin America and the Caribbean (Dec. 2006) Foreign Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean (Apr. 2006) Social Panorama of Latin America (Nov. 2006) Cohesión social: inclusión y sentido de pertenencia en América Latina y el Caribe (Jan. 2007) Projects/Activities Strengthening the Capacity of Latin America and Caribbean Countries to Fulfill the Millennium Development Goals Regional Seminar: National Statistics Offices and the Millennium Development Goals: A New Look – Chile, (Nov. 06) JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

21 Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Growth with Employment (Plan of Action Mandate 36) Publication Aglomeraciones en torno a los recursos naturales en América Latina y el Caribe: Políticas de articulación y articulación de políticas Collaborations with ICA to create OSILAC, IICA to develop a four year Plan Agro monitoring plan FAO to report on importance of aviculture and its linkages with the economies of the countries in the region at the Hemispheric Conference on the Surveillance and Prevention of Avian Influenza. JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

22 Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Jobs to Fight Poverty (Declaration Mandate 35) Publications Shaping the Future of Social Protection: Access, Financing and Solidarity (March 2006) International Migration, Human Rights and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (March 2006) JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

23 Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Creating Decent Work (Plan of Action Mandate 22 ) Projects/Activities ECLAC has developed the System of Socio-demographic Indicators for Indigenous Populations and Peoples (SISPPI) Improving Caribbean Household Surveys ECLAC continues to generate gender indicators, providing the resulting data via the web. ECLAC has also developed a technical assistance guide for the production and use of gender indicators. JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

24 JSWG – Follow Up Report on IV Summit Mandates Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Indigenous populations of Latin America: infant mortality, 2000 census.

25 Implementación de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas XLV Reunión del Grupo de Revisión de la Implementación de Cumbres Jueves 29 de marzo, 2007 Organización Panamericana de la Salud

26 Crear Trabajo Decente (Mandatos 16 & 22 del Plan de Acción ) Iniciativas Regionales Iniciativa Rostros y Lugares de los ODM- énfasis en municipios más vulnerables Iniciativa hemisférica Salud y Seguridad de los Trabajadores del Sector Salud Observatorios para monitoreo de políticas de salud con énfasis en violencia de género y grupos étnicos. Conferencias/ Paneles Panel sobre Alianzas Intersectoriales – Septiembre 2006 II Taller Hemisférico sobre seguridad y salud ocupacional - Consejo consultivo OPS-OEA-OIT en apoyo de FUNDACERSSO Alianzas CELADE - Unidades Técnicas de la OPS. GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

27 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Crear Trabajo Decente (Mandatos 16 & 22 del Plan de Acción ) Siguientes pasos: Implementación de la Alianza Estratégica Intersectorial al nivel local en Centroamérica Preparar el Portal de las Américas en Salud de los Trabajadores (Convenio OPS- UE) Definición con los grupos étnicos sobre las categorías a ser incluidas en los sistemas de información de salud GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

28 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Crecimiento con Empleo (Mandatos 39 & 43 del Plan de Acción ) Reportes/Publicaciones Estado de Preparativos y Respuesta para desastres en Salud en las Américas Iniciativas Regionales Equipo Regional de Respuesta a Desastres – Selección, formación y entrenamiento Formulario para el diagnóstico preliminar de seguridad de los establecimientos de salud frente a desastres Indicadores Plan Agro Elaboración del instrumento Desempeño, Visión y Estrategia para los Sistemas de Inocuidad de Alimentos Propuesta: Portal Web interinstitucional sobre la gripe aviar Conferencias/ Paneles Conferencia Hemisférica sobre Influenza Aviar – Brasilia, 2005 Taller Sub-regional de Preparación ante la Influenza Pandémica y Influenza Aviar – Panamá (2/ 05) Reunión de Información a los Embajadores de la OEA – Washington, DC, (3/06) Alianzas Memorando de entendimiento IICA-OPS: Promoción de la salud y prosperidad en comunidades rurales. GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

29 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Crecimiento con Empleo (Mandatos 39 & 43 del Plan de Acción ) Siguientes Pasos Apoyar a los países en el estado de seguridad hospitalaria frente a desastres y la implementación de la estrategia nacional de Hospitales Seguros para garantizar su funcionamiento en caso de desastres. Actividades conjuntas en Influenza Aviar, video educativo, simulacros, talleres. Talleres en inocuidad de alimentos GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

30 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Fortalecer la Gobernabilidad Democrática (Mandato 66 del Plan de Acción) Iniciativas Nacionales Proyectos de cooperación técnica: Cuba, República Dominicana, Paraguay y Uruguay A servir como guías para un proyecto de asistencia especial en Haití Marco de Cooperación Interina (Haití) Encabezando el Grupo Temático de Salud y Nutrición Fortalecimiento de Unités Communales de Santé (UCS) y los Hospitales Regionales de Haití Cooperación bi-nacional con República Dominicana para combatir malaria, TB y VIH/SIDA Intervenciones socio-económicas Conferencias/ Paneles Reuniones de alto nivel con OEA y Grupo de Amigos de Haití Sesión Especial sobre Haití (Día de Haití) – Septiembre 2006 GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

31 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Fortalecer la Gobernabilidad Democrática (Mandato 66 del Plan de Acción) Siguientes Pasos: Apoyo a los Ministerios en el avance de la Agenda de Salud Definición Plan Bi-Nacional Haití- República Dominicana Día de la Salud para Haití en la Asamblea Mundial de la Salud (Mayo 2007) GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

32 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Desarrollo Social (Mandato 46 del Plan de Acción) Iniciativas Regionales Plan Regional en VIH/SIDA Iniciativa de Acceso Universal Iniciativa de capacitación y de sensibilización sobre el VIH y los derechos humanos- Taller – Jamaica, 2006 Política sobre SIDA y lugar de trabajo En los países Sesiones de orientación con ONUSIDA en el marco de la Iniciativa UN Cares Fondo Rotatorio para Suministros Estratégicos de salud pública de la OPS Conferencias/ Paneles Cuarta reunión anual del Grupo Regional de Directores de las Agencias Co-Patrocinadoras de ONUSIDA GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

33 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Desarrollo Social (Mandato 46 del Plan de Acción) Siguientes pasos Mantener y expandir cobertura de tratamiento buscando llegar a grupos más vulnerables Reforzar capacidad del sector salud para prevenir la transmisión y colaborar con otros sectores para reducir riesgo GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

34 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Desarrollo Social (Mandato 47 del Plan de Acción) Iniciativas Regionales Grupo de trabajo multidisciplinario de alerta y respuesta frente a epidemias (ARE) Plan estratégico y operativo de la OPS para responder a la influenza pandémica – (PEO de la OPS) Establecimiento de Centro de Operaciones de Urgencia (COU) Talleres nacionales y subregionales Colaboración con el CDC y compañías farmacéuticas Seguimiento de las recomendaciones del Grupo Técnico Asesor sobre Enfermedades Prevenibles por Vacunación Introducción gradual vacuna antiviral en la Región Promoción de planes nacionales que integren la sanidad humana y animal Fortalecimiento de servicios veterinarios -Unidad de Salud Pública Veterinaria Colaboración con FAO, OIE, IICA Iniciativa Interinstitucional Fronteras del mundo: Enfermedades animales transfronterizas GF- TAD Reunión interinstitucional :Respuesta a una pandemia de influenza en las Américas – Washington, DC, Mayo 2006 Proyecto sobre la influenza aviar y pandémica entre la OPS y el BID GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

35 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Desarrollo Social (Mandato 47 del Plan de Acción) Siguientes pasos Continuar asistiendo a los Estados Miembros en la operacionalización hasta nivel local de los planes nacionales Asistir en la implementación subnacional del nuevo protocolo de vigilancia de influenza GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

36 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Desarrollo Social (Mandato 48 del Plan de Acción) Iniciativas Regionales Estrategia de Gestión Integrada para la prevención y control del dengue. Estrategias Nacionales en 11 países Estrategia Subregional de Centroamérica Apoyo a iniciativas nacionales en la implementación de la Estrategia DOTS Proyectos de manejo integral y programático de la multiresistencia en 12 países Incorporación de los proveedores privados y públicos de salud al control de la TB Estudios operacionales en cuatro países pilotos Ampliación de la cobertura a las poblaciones en mayor riesgo de contraer TB Programas para centros penales y poblaciones indígenas Plan Estratégico para combatir la Malaria en las América ( ) Proyectos sub-regionales: México, Centroamérica y países Amazónicos Proyectos nacionales financiados por el GFATM en 11 países Siguientes pasos: Implementación nueva Estrategia Alto a la TB GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

37 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Desarrollo Social (Mandatos 50 & 54 del Plan de Acción) Iniciativas Regionales Creación de un Grupo de Trabajo de Atención Primaria de Salud (APS) Aprobación Declaración Regional sobre la Renovación de la APS (Declaración de Montevideo) Fortalecimiento del diálogo con la sociedad civil, las ONGs y otros socios importantes Consultas regionales y nacionales Apoyo en la preparación de 14 proyectos del Fondo Global (GFATM) Proveer asistencia técnica a los 13 proyectos aprobados Desarrollo y ejecución de proyectos interpaíses financiados por el GFATM GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

38 Organización Panamericana de la Salud Desarrollo Social (Mandatos 50 & 54 del Plan de Acción) Siguientes pasos Avanzar en el desarrollo de estrategias de capacitación de los equipos de APS en colaboración con Unidad Técnica OPS Potenciar la atención domiciliaria, poniendo énfasis en adultos mayores Continuar campaña de apoyo a la ejecución, monitoreo y evaluación en temas de HIV, TB y malaria GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

39 Implementación de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas XLV Reunión del Grupo de Revisión de la Implementación de Cumbres Jueves 29 de marzo, 2007 Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura

40 MANDATO 55 g – DECLARACIÓN Un marco global para el desarrollo del sector rural y agropecuario

41 PLAN AGRO PARA AGRICULTURA Y VIDA RURAL DE LAS AMÉRICAS Construyendo una Institucionalidad Hemisférica Equipo Nacional de Delegados Ministeriales GRICA: Foro Hemisférico de Delegados Ministeriales Reunión Ministerial Agricultura y Vida Rural en las Américas Reuniones Regionales de Ministros de Agricultura Secretaría del Proceso Ministerial y de sus Reuniones Ministeriales - IICA GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

42 MANDATO 75 – DECLARACIÓN Encomendamos a las instituciones miembros del GTCC […] continúen apoyando […] el seguimiento e implementación de las Declaraciones y los Planes de Acción de las Cumbres

43 Secretaría del Proceso Ministerial y de su Reunión Ministerial Agricultura y Vida Rural en las Américas en el marco del proceso Cumbres Organismo Internacional de Cooperación alineado a la Nueva Dinámica Institucional de las Américas Un IICA renovado ante la Nueva Dinámica Hemisférica del Siglo XXI GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

44 MANDATO 35 – PLAN DE ACCIÓN APOYAR LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DEL ACUERDO MINISTERIAL DE GUAYAQUIL 2005 SOBRE AGRICULTURA Y VIDA RURAL EN LAS AMÉRICAS (PLAN AGRO )

45 GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

46 MANDATO 43 – PLAN DE ACCIÓN SOLICITAR AL IICA Y LA CEPAL CONTINUEN DESARROLLO SISTEMA DE INFORMACIÓN PARA SEGUIMIENTO Y EVALUACIÓN DEL PLAN AGRO

47 CONCEPCIÓN SISTÉMICA Territorios rurales Cadenas agro- productivo- comercial Entorno nacional e internacional OBJETIVOS ESTRATÉGICOS ENFOQUE DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE Productivo – comercial 1. Fomentando empresas rurales competitivas 2. Integrando las cadenas y fortaleciendo su competitividad 3. Promoviendo un entorno favorable para una agricultura competitiva Competitividad Ecológico – ambiental 4. Asumiendo la responsabilidad ambiental en el campo 5. De la finca a la mesa: impulsando una gestión ambiental integral 6. Participando en la construcción de la institucionalidad ambiental Sustentabilidad Socio- cultural - humana 7. Calidad de vida en las comunidades rurales: creando capacidades y oportunidades 8. Fortaleciendo el aprendizaje y el conocimiento en la cadena 9. Promoviendo políticas para la creación de capacidades y oportunidades para las comunidades rurales Equidad Político - institucional 10. Fortaleciendo la participación y la acción coordinada público-privada en los territorios 11. Fortaleciendo el diálogo y los compromisos entre actores de la cadena 12. Promoviendo políticas de Estado para la agricultura y la vida rural y cooperación regional y hemisférica Gobernabilidad OBJETIVOS ESTRATÉGICO S Prosperidad Rural + Seguridad Alimentaria + Posicionamiento Internacional DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE AGRICULTURA Y EL MEDIO RURAL

48

49 Implementación de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas XLV Reunión del Grupo de Revisión de Implementación de Cumbre Jueves 29 de marzo, 2007 Corporación Andina de Fomento

50 Creación de Empleo Decente, Competitividad, Productividad e Inserción Internacional Iniciativas Regionales Programa de Apoyo a la Competitividad (PAC) : clusters, capacidad emprendedora y mejoramiento del clima de negocios. 13 nuevos proyectos en Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Venezuela, Bolivia y Argentina. Aporte CAF alrededor de US$ con gran rol catalítico Programa de Gobierno Corporativo Programa de Apoyo a la Investigación: diversificación y productividad, rol de los clusters y la inversión extranjera directa en la generación de nuevas exportaciones Programa de Apoyo a la Mayor Inserción Internacional de los Países de América Latina: acompañamiento en las negociaciones comerciales de los países de la región y financiamiento de investigaciones Alianzas BID, CEPAL, CIEPLAN, entre otros Publicaciones Manual de Gobierno Corporativo para Empresas de Capital Cerrado GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

51 Corporación Andina de Fomento Creación de Empleo Decente, Competitividad, Productividad e Inserción Internacional Conferencias/Paneles CAF Emprende – Colombia, Noviembre 2006 Seminario Exportar para Ganar de Cara al Mercosur (cooperación con Venezuela Competitiva) Primer Foro Nacional para la Competitividad – Panamá, Mayo 2006 Foro Internacional de Políticas Públicas de apoyo a la PyME – Montevideo, Octubre 2006 Seminario Iberoamericano sobre Competitividad e Internacionalización de la PyME – Chile, Octubre 2006 Misión de Estudio de Entidades e Instituciones Centroamericanas a Andalucía – Sevilla, Octubre 2006 GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

52 Corporación Andina de Fomento Micro, Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas como Motor de Crecimiento del Empleo Iniciativas Regionales Estrategia de apoyo para facilitar el acceso al capital y de iniciativas que mejoran la competitividad de la MiPyme: La cartera de aprobaciones 2006 cerró con US$ 92,5 millones, lo que representa un aumento del 49,6% sobre lo registrado en diciembre de 2005 (US$ 61,8 millones) Atención a 36 instituciones microfinancieras en diez países con especial crecimiento en Uruguay y México. Fondo de Inversión y Desarrollo Empresarial para la PyME (FIDE): 14 operaciones en diez países por un monto de US$11.4 millones y recursos de Cooperación Técnica por US$ Programa de Apoyo Integral al Empresariado, Financiera Desyfin - Costa Rica Inversión en el Fondo Compass - Perú Recursos para el Fondo Aval Bursátil – Bolivia Reafianzamiento a Fondos Nacionales de Garantía – Colombia y Países Comunidad Andina GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

53 Corporación Andina de Fomento Fortalecimiento de la Gobernabilidad Democrática Iniciativas Regionales Aprobaciones por US$4.1 millones para los siguientes Programas CAF: Programa de Gobernabilidad y Gerencia Política Alianza con universidades locales en Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela. Cubrimiento en cinco países y egresados Programa de Liderazgo para la Transformación Bolivia, Colombia, Perú y Venezuela. Capacitación de líderes Programa Municipios Eficientes y Transparentes- MuNet (con colaboración de la OEA) Funcionarios capacitados en gobierno electrónico y catastro ascendió a 614 Programa Herramientas para la Gobernabilidad y la Construcción de Consensos Ejecución en Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

54 Corporación Andina de Fomento Desarrollo Social Incluyente y Equidad Durante el 2006 la CAF aprobó operaciones para proyectos sociales por un monto superior a los US$800 millones Iniciativas Nacionales Programa de Agua Potable y Saneamiento Básico – Colombia: cerca de familias serán beneficiadas Programa de Apoyo a Municipios - Brasil Proyecto de Modernización de la Educación Técnica y Tecnológica : cerca de niños, jóvenes y docentes beneficiados Segundo Programa de Apoyo a la Inversión Social en el Ecuador ( PRAISE II) Programa Hábitat – Venezuela Fondo Canje de Deuda por Inversiones Sociales – Ecuador y Gobierno de España Iniciativas Regionales - Fondos Sociales Fondo Internacional de Desarrollo Agrícola Fondo Educativo del Mercosur Mecanismo de Desarrollo Limpio (MDL) GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

55 Corporación Andina de Fomento Desarrollo Humano, Cultural y Comunitario Iniciativas Regionales En el 2006 se aprobaron recursos por US$2.9 millones para programas con horizonte temporal de 2-3 años: Programa CAF de Acción Social por la Música: niños y jóvenes y 380 maestros formados en educación musical Programa de Adiestramiento en Oficios y Rescate Patrimonial: generación de microempresas Programa de Formación Deportiva: niños y jóvenes capacitados Programa de Construcción de Oportunidades Locales: salud, educación, cultura financiera y organización GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

56 Corporación Andina de Fomento Integración Física y Logística Sostenibles Iniciativas Regionales Iniciativa para la Integración de la Infraestructura Regional Suramericana (IIRSA): Aprobaciones en 2006 por más de US$ CAF ha financiado en la última década 49 proyectos por cerca de US$3.500 millones que han movilizado inversiones por más de US$ millones Plan Puebla-Panamá Programa de Apoyo al Desarrollo y la Integración Fronteriza: 12 proyectos en la región Fondo de Promoción de Proyectos de Infraestructura Sostenible (PROINFRA): aprobaciones por US$50 millones Programa Puertos de Primera: cinco puertos con Marca de Garantía GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

57 Corporación Andina de Fomento Agenda Ambiental Sostenible En el 2006 se aprobaron recursos por cerca de US$1 millón para promover el aprovechamiento racional y sostenible del capital natural Iniciativas Regionales Programa de Biodiversidad – BioCAF: Sistema de Certificación de Recursos Genéticos, desarrollo de mercado de biocomercio y biotecnología, conservación de ecosistemas. PNUMA, GEF y UNCTAD Programa Latinoamericano del Carbono y Energías Limpias y Alternativas- PLAC+e, Programa de Producción Mas Limpia. Vínculo con ONUDI Programa de Desarrollo Sostenible en Instituciones Financieras Sistema de Información Geográfico Cóndor: identificación y prevención de impactos ambientales Prevención de Riesgos de Desastres Naturales Iniciativas Regionales Programa Regional Andino de Prevención y Mitigación de Riesgos de Desastres (PREANDINO) : 287 instituciones nacionales vinculadas, 73 comites de trabajo, profesionales Fondo de Promoción Comité Andino para la Prevención y Atención de Desastres (CAPRADE) Programa para la Prevención de Desastres en los Países de la CAN (PREDECAN) GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

58 Implementation of the Mandates of the I V Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007 Caribbean Development Bank

59 Implementación de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas XLV Reunión del Grupo de Revisión de Implementación de Cumbre Jueves 29 de marzo, 2007 Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica

60 Crecimiento con empleo (Mandatos 8, 11 & 28 de la Declaración ) Iniciativas Regionales La Estrategia Global del BCIE tiene como uno de sus ejes prioritario de acción el combate a la pobreza. Durante 2005 y 2006 se han aprobado préstamos por US$ 917 millones Logros: vivienda social, desarrollo de zonas fronterizas, MIPYME Próximos Pasos Apoyar Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio: pobreza extrema y medio ambiente. Avanzar una propuesta de bonos catástrofe que beneficiaría a las poblaciones más expuestas ante los desastres naturales Explorar nuevo servicio más económico de envío de remesas GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

61 Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica Micro, Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas como Motor de Crecimiento del Empleo (Mandato 54 de la Declaración) Iniciativas Regionales Aprobación de la Estrategia de Apoyo a la MIPYME para: facilitar el acceso de la MIPYME a los servicios financieros fortalecer el desarrollo del sector financiero que atiende a la MIPYME contribuir al desarrollo empresarial, crecimiento y productividad de la MIPYME Consecución de recursos externos provenientes de AECI, ICDF y KfW Implementación del Programa de Cadenas Productivas a fin de brindar liquidez a la MIPYME a través del descuento de facturas GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

62 Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica Crecimiento con Empleo (Mandatos 33, 40 & 44 del Plan de Acción) Iniciativas Regionales Estrategia y Plan de Inversiones : respaldo al desarrollo del sector energético en Centroamérica Proyecto Acelerando las inversiones en energía renovable en América Central PNUD/GEF Programa de energías renovables y eficiencia energética con Alemania Establecimiento de la Unidad Estratégica de Industria de Infraestructura y de energía y medio ambiente Plan Puebla Panamá (PPP): énfasis en el sector infraestructura Nuevos servicios innovadores para atender requerimientos de inversión del sector público, privado y financiero. Alianzas Participa junto con el BID como inversionista inicial y patrocinador del Central American Mezanine Infrastructure Fund (CAMIF) GTCC – Informe de Seguimiento de los Mandatos de la IV Cumbre de las Américas

63 Implementation of the Mandates of the I V Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007 International Organization for Migration

64 Growth with Employment (Declaration Mandate 7 – Poverty) Country Initiatives – some examples Guatemala Community Development Projects 53 implemented projects, 13 completed projects Agrarian conflict resolution: benefits over 340 families Sustainable Development Program of Border Populations –PRODESFRO Paving over 54 km of roads in the Guatemala-Mexico border areas Haiti Rehabilitation and Stabilization Program (PRESE) Community driven projects. Generated 657,629 person-days of employment, 22,000 children in Cité Soleil back in school (Plan of Action Mandate 66) JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

65 International Organization for Migration Jobs to Fight Poverty (Declaration Mandates 25 – Child Labor) Regional Initiatives Bolivia, Colombia, El Salvador and Paraguay Regional Prevention of Trafficking and Smuggling in Children and Reinforcing their Knowledge about Sexual Reproductive Health IDB and First Ladies Training to over 100 teachers in each country Information will reach over 4,000 students in primary and secondary schools Bolivia, Chile and MERCOSUR countries Program to Counter trafficking of children and to prevent Child Pornography, Phase II Regional Training Workshop Central America Regional Guidelines for Special Protection in Cases of the Return of Child Victims of Trafficking (RCM) JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

66 International Organization for Migration Jobs to Fight Poverty (Mandates 27 & 28 – Decent work for migrant workers, trafficking and Smuggling; dignified, orderly, safe return of migrants ) National Initiatives Argentina – FOINTRA Project, Phase II; and AVOT (medical, psychological issues) Costa Rica – Project to assist trafficking victims in the Pacific Coast National Coalition to Combat Human Trafficking El Salvador – Temporary Shelter for Victims of Trafficking Validation of the Protocol for the Assistance of Victims Guatemala – Program for the selection, pre/departure and transfer of seasonal agricultural workers from Guatemala to Canada (FERME) Program to improve the health of migrant workers in the Belize- Guatemala Zone Haiti – Short term labor opportunities in neighboring countries. Venezuela – Media campaign on the rights of migrant workers and their families JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

67 International Organization for Migration Jobs to Fight Poverty (Declaration Mandates 28 – Trafficking and smuggling) Regional Initiatives Central American Protocol for the Repatriation of Children Victims of Trafficking Assisted by UNICEF and ILO Ratified by key government leaders Repatriation of 18,941 migrants in 2005, and 20,318 in 2006 Triple Border Area of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay Working with local governments and local NGOs Disseminate information on the risks and consequences of human trafficking Caribbean Counter-trafficking Initiative (CCTI) Raising awareness Building capacities Strengthening regional collaboration and information sharing JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

68 International Organization for Migration Jobs to Fight Poverty (Declaration Mandates 28 – Cooperation and Dialogue to reduce undocumented migration) Regional Dialogues on Migration 6th South American Conference on Migration (SCM) – Paraguay, May 2006: Declaration of Asunción, (7th South-American Conference, Venezuela, 2007) Seminar: The Human Rights of Migrants – Main Challenges in Argentina Re-formulation and improvement of the OSUMI website Sixth Regional Caribbean Seminar – Curacao, November 2006 Representatives from 19 countries, in addition to IDB, ECLAC, the WB, OECD, & PAHO. 11 th Regional Conference on Migration (RCM) – San Salvador, MoU between Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua for the Dignified, Orderly, Prompt and Safe Repatriation by Land of Central American Nationals Plan of Action Mandate 20 JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

69 International Organization for Migration Jobs to Fight Poverty (Declaration Mandates 34 – HIV & AIDS) Caribbean - Regional Initiative on HIV and AIDS, migrants, and mobile populations Awareness raising and Information gathering: PSAs, and Research Advocacy and policy: Ministers of Health – PAHO Colombia – Global Fund on HIV – 48 municipalities Building an intersectorial response on sexual and reproductive health, with an emphasis on prevention of STDs/HIV/AIDS, with adolescents living in receiving communities of displace population youth and adolescents JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

70 OAS Joint Summit Working Group Washington, DC 29 Mar 2007 ILO Follow up to the Fourth Summit Armand F. Pereira Director of ILO Office for the United States Representative to the Multilateral Agencies in Washington

71 The Fourth Summit made 9 requests of ILO being followed and periodically reported. In response to one of these (para 73), the ILOs XVI Regional Conference (May 2006) addressed the main theme of the XIV IACLM. At that time, the ILOs Member States of the Americas agreed to launch a Decent Work Decade – an Hemispheric Agenda based on an agreed menu of 4 general policies and 11 specific policies (See annex – slides 15-23), to be further elaborated at country level, using mainly Decent Work Country Programs (DWCP) under national agreements engaging ILO, governments and employers and workers organizations and other multilateral agencies, as appropriate. This mandate remains in line with the priorities identified in consultations of the preparatory work for the IACLM 2007.

72 Decent Work in the Americas: hemispheric agenda (resulting from the Declarations of both Mar del Plata (IV Summit) and OAS XIV ICLM) Challenges: Ensure that economic growth promotes decent work. Ensure effective enforcement of fundamental principles and rights at work. Increase trust in democracy and in social dialogue. Expand and strengthen social security schemes. Increase social and labor inclusion to reduce inequality.

73 StrategicCross-cutting - Fundamental Principles and Rights at work (Core Labor Standards) are effectively enforced. - Greater employment opportunities are generated for men and women. - The coverage and effectiveness of social protection systems for workers have been expanded and enhanced. - Social dialogue is promoted and social actors are strengthened. - The globalization process takes place on fair terms. - Poverty is overcome. - Gender equality is promoted. - International Labor Standards (ILS) have attained greater influence. - Social interlocutors, social dialogue and tripartism have greater influence. I.Objectives:

74 Decent Work (wage- and self-employment with CLS and improvements in social protection and social dialogue) has been also in the centerfold of the agendas of the main UN bodies and the European Commission, which indirectly affect aid-donor and technical cooperation agendas in the Americas. The Decent Work Agenda was adopted by the 2006 High-level Segment of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)s Ministerial Declaration, pushing the Decent Work Agenda as an essential part of poverty reduction in the MDGs. The ministers also requested ILO to develop time- bound plans for 2015, foreseen for the Millennium Summit and the MDG reviews. Decent work will again be on the agenda of ECOSOC in 2007.

75 Full employment and decent work was the theme of recent session of the UN Commission for Social Development. Employment was key theme in the 2006 Spring and Autumn sessions of the High-level Committee of the UN system Chief Executives Board (HLCP/CEB). The Committee asked ILO to develop a toolkit for mainstreaming employment and decent work in UN system activities. This initiative was endorsed by the ministers in their ECOSOC Declaration in July, 2006 and further discussed by the Executive Heads of the UN system in CEBs Oct 2006 session. The toolkit will be discussed and approved by the HLCP and submitted for final endorsement by the Executive Heads, including those of the IMF, the WB and the WTO) at the next CEB session, hosted by ILO (Geneva, 20–21 April 2007). Employment is being increasingly emphasized by other multilateral agencies concerned with trade, growth and poverty linkages. A recent joint ILO-WTO study of trade and employment is another indication of shared concerns with employment.

76 ILO and World Bank agreed to jointly conduct two initial country studies focused on growth-employment linkages and related decent work issues – this followed the Nov Wolfowitz- Somavia meeting over concerns in both WB and ILO about the limited effects of recent growth on employment (e.g. about 75-80% of the WB-led PRSPs done so far have nothing on employment; the WBs Independent Evaluation Group Report (ARDE, Nov.07) called for more WB focus on jobs, etc.). ILO is working with the WB to help effective mainstreaming of the CLS in the Banks operations. ILO is also cooperating with the International Finance Corporation (private arm of the WB Group) in the implementation of its Performance Standards on Environment and Social Development (including CLS and other standards); there is a joint program (Better Work) focused on global supply chains. These initiatives could have key effect on the effective application of CLS in the Region and elsewhere

77 DWCPs are the main vehicle for cooperation with Member States both directly and via the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), as well as WBs Poverty Reduction Strategies and Policies (PRS/PRSP) and Country Assistance Strategies (CAS/CPS), and future Joint Assistance Strategies of the UN system with World Bank and other multilateral banks. DWCPs are also the main vehicle for ILO engagement with the One UN objective in the UN reform. In this vein, ILO and UNDP agreed in Jan.07 to a common plan of action focused on employment-poverty linkages. Countries agreed for coverage are: Brazil, Trinidad Tobago, Honduras, Chile, Peru, Costa Rica, Uruguay (others to follow).

78 Broader DWCPs are ongoing in Argentina, Brazil, Panama, and are now being negotiated with Uruguay, Honduras, Bolivia, Colombia and other countries. The priority entry point in DWCPs may vary: CLS in some cases; employment in others, employment-social protection tradeoffs in others, etc. For example: In Panama, special cooperation is envisaged to ensure that the Canal expansion is implemented through employment procurement practices coherent with the decent work agenda. In Colombia, the ongoing effort is focusing first on a recent Tripartite Agreement on Freedom of Association and Democracy and related technical cooperation program [funded initially by ILO and by Colombia ($4.3 million over the next 4 years)].

79 Outside the DWCP framework in the Region, ILOs studies on employment and related technical cooperation efforts have also been promoted separately, including: Tripartite Caribbean Employment Forum – Responding to Globalization: A decent work agenda for the Caribbean in the context of regional integration, Oct 2006, Barbados (similar emp forums were carried out earlier for Central America and the Southern Cone). National Employment Reports in preparation for the ILO's Tripartite Caribbean Employment Forum - Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Saint Lucia, Suriname.

80 National Technical and Vocational Education and Training Reports - to contribute to the regional discussion on reforming TVET institutions and accreditation systems for improved skills and enhanced employability in Caribbean Labor Markets – Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago. The Transition of Jamaican Youth to the World of Work, Report prepared by the Human Development Unit, PIOJ, in coop with ILO. Facing the Employment Challenge (Argentina, Brasil, Mexico) – comparing country experience on employment and macroenomic policies, as well as other recent studies on employment, working conditions and labor relations, etc.

81 Both within and outside negotiated DWCPs, ILOs ongoing technical cooperation activities cover a variety of fields, e.g.: labor statistics and indicators, crisis response emergency employment schemes, minimum wages, skills development and training policy, labor inspection and administration, social security, occupational safety and health (OSH), etc. On OSH, for example, in response to the Mar del Plata Declaration and Plan of Action, the ILOs Hemispheric Decent Work Agenda resulting from the XV Regional Meeting (May 2006) stressed as a policy objective: to make occupational safety and health a priority for social actors in the region and made it a policy goal that within ten years (by 2015), reduce the incidence of occupational accidents and illnesses by 20%, and double occupational safety and health protection for sectors and collectives heretofore not covered.

82 Several activities are being undertaken in this context with scope for enlarging and improving already ongoing inter-agency cooperation. With WHO/PAHO (and possibly IADB/MIF, UNEP…), for example, in: the application of the ILO Code of Practice on HIV- AIDS in the Workplace, the joint Occupational Safety and Health Network (RSST) - this disseminates and exchanges OSH information and experience among technical bodies, practitioners and researchers in the Region and beyond (now with 1,617 subscribers in 38 countries and linked with other ILO information systems) - an OPS-ILO Technical Memorandum is considered, the convergence of OSH statistics on occupational injuries of protected and unprotected workers and related policies.

83 In follow up to the 2005 IACML and in preparation for the 2007 IACML, the ILO is convening a Caribbean Ministers of Labour Meeting (15 and 16 May 2007, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago) This is part of a longstanding agreement that the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat and ILO organize the Labour Ministers Meeting in alternate years. The Meeting of Labour Ministers will discuss: items on the agenda of the upcoming session of the International Labour Conference (ILC) and possibly subjects raised in early May at the pre-IACML meeting in Costa Rica, as well as the Canadian-funded workshop in Trinidad and Tobago (July) focused, inter alia, on the labour dimensions of free trade agreements, as part of preparations for the IACML, to be held in Trinidad and Tobago, Sep 2007.

84 Annex Decent Work in the Americas: hemispheric agenda 4 General and 11 Specific Policies agreed by the ILOs Member States to be further elaborated at country level, using mainly Decent Work Country Programs (DWCP).

85 III. General policies: Policies ObjectivesGoals 1. Economic growth as a promoter of greater employment opportunities Creating greater employment opportunities must be considered a central economic policy objective. Achieving a sustained, steady economic growth rate of at least 5% per year during the next 10 years as a necessary condition for a significant reduction of the current deficit of decent work.. 2. Effective enforcement of FPRs Ensure effective compliance with fundamental principles and rights at work. The ILO fundamental rights are a minimum, universally accepted body of labour rights incorporated into the national legislations and labour cultures of countries across the region.

86 - Child LaborProgressive elimination of child labour. 1. Eliminate the worst forms of child labour within 10 years (2015). 2. Completely eradicate child labour within 15 years (2020). - Forced LaborProgressive elimination of forced labour. Reduce the number of workers submitted to a forced labour regime by 20% to 35% within ten years. - Freedom of association and collective bargaining Improve protection …by: - advancing towards effective guarantee of the various elements of freedom of association, particularly no union- based discrimination, - optimizing the coverage and expanding the contents of collective bargaining. Legislation providing for better trade union protection …administrative and judicial processes in cases of violations … agreements and contracts of better quality both in terms of number of workers covered … and … contents … as well … conflict resolution. - No discrimination at work Progressively eliminate discrimination mechanisms …in the labour market. Reduce segregation indices and gender-based and ethnicity/race- based income differentials by 50% within ten years.

87 3. Social protection systems with enhanced efficiency and coverage Expand and strengthen the various social protection schemes for workers. Within ten (10) years, increase the social protection coverage by 20%. 4. Effective social dialogue Promote the institutionaliz ation of social dialogue on a voluntary basis. Promote the implementation by all countries in the region of actions aimed at strengthening social dialogue, and the creation within 10 years of institutionalized social dialogue and sustained on a voluntary basis. Strategic Objective 2 Strategic Objective 1 Strategic Objective 3 Strategic Objective 4

88 IV. Policies for specific areas of intervention: PoliciesObjectivesGoals 1.Intern ational labor Standar ds Put in place labour legislation and practice in line with international labour standards ratified by each country and fully enforced, and thus able to guarantee the rights of workers and employers alike. 1. Make progress in the ratification not only of ILO Conventions related to fundamental rights at work, but also those found by governments and social actors to be essential… 2. Gender equality Apply public policies aimed at reducing inequality between men and women in the world of work by means of dual strategies based on cross-cutting as well as women-specific actions. Within 10 years, achieve a 10% increase in womens labour force participation rate, and a commensurate increase in womens employment rate, and reduce by half the current gender gaps in the areas of informality and occupational earnings.

89 3. Employ ment for young workers Promote higher training and better entry into the labour market for young workers Within ten years, reduce by half the proportion of young people aged over 15 who neither study nor work. 4. Micro and small enterpri ses Improve the quality of employment in MSE Within ten years, significantly improve the percentage of MSE workers covered by policies and business services promoting productivity, and having access to minimum protection levels and to markets across the region. 5. The informal economy Progressive formalization of the informal economy. Within a maximum period of ten years, eliminate the main legal and administrative causes that contribute to the existence of the informal economy.

90 6. The rural secto r and local devel opme nt Improve the employment and productivity standards of rural economic activities, including those of indigenous populations. 1. Within ten years, double the productivity and income of low-income farmers, and substantially improve their employment standards. 2. Within a maximum term of ten (19) years, governments across the region will launch local development plans for small villages. 3. Make significant progress towards ratification and effective enforcement of ILO Convention 169, and more particularly of its provisions regarding consultation with indigenous populations. 7. Vocat ional traini ng Improve human resources competitiveness and expand vocational training coverage among vulnerable groups Within 10 years, double the number of workers placed through public and private employment services.

91 8.Employ ment services Increase and improve the capacity and quality of employment services Within 10 years, double the number of workers placed through public and private employment services. 9. Wages and other forms of remunera tion Reinstate minimum wages as a wage policy tool, and progressively link increases in remuneration to changes in productivity along with cost of living 1. Effectively use the machinery in place under the provisions of ILO Convention 131 for consultation between social interlocutors on minimum wage matters. 2. Promote the introduction of productivity clauses and other provisions for wage increases linked to productivity as well as to cost of living variations into the collective bargaining process. 10. Occupati onal safety and health Make occupational safety and health a priority for social actors in the region Within ten years, reduce the incidence of occupational accidents and illnesses by 20%, and double occupational safety and health protection for sectors and collectives heretofore not covered.

92 11. Migrant workers Improve protection of migrant workers by means of managed migration 1. Before 2010, establish a statistical information system about migrant workers as support for policy formulation in this area. 2. Make progress in using the general framework the ILO is committed to preparing at ILCs request, and ensure ratification of ILO Conventions 97 and Before 2010, ensure that all countries of origin and destination of migrants have a strategy and an action plan for the orderly management of migrations.

93 Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas XLV Meeting of the Summit Implementation Review Group Thursday, March 29, 2007 Institute for Connectivity in the Americas

94 Training the Workforce (Declaration Mandates 44 & 46) National Initiatives Brazil – Implementation of the WiLAC project Guatemala – Enlace Quiché project Mexico – Modemmujer project Peru - Punto J Regional Initiatives Telework, New Forms of Work and Employment ICT use to create new forms of work and contribute towards unemployment reduction Linkage for Education and Research in Nursing (LEARN) Initiative for Caribbean healthcare providers JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

95 Institute for Connectivity in the Americas Training the Workforce (Declaration Mandates 44 & 46) Conferences/Workshops 1st Brazilian Telework Congress - September th International Workshop on Telework - Fredrickton Canada Next Steps Support regional scalable projects that facilitate the insertion of vulnerable youth into the labor market Future areas of research include issues related to the knowledge-based economy, e-health and distance education, as well as governance and citizen participation in LAC JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

96 Institute for Connectivity in the Americas Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprise as an Engine of Job Growth (Declaration Mandates 53 & 54) Regional Initiatives Project to Enhance the Competitiveness of SMEs in Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua. ICT-4-BUS Working in partnership with the Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF) of the IDB Brazil – Metasys Peru – Terra Inka: Tourist Market Access Next Steps Promotion of innovative approaches to new and traditional ICT tools Support the second phase of the regional ICT4BUS initiative in collaboration with FOMIN/IDB Support research and implementation projects in other ICT related areas JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

97 Institute for Connectivity in the Americas Growth with Employment (Plan of Action Mandate 41) Regional Initiatives Knowledge Economy Project E-Waste in Latin America and the Caribbean Toolkit ICT-4-BUS From Words to Action: ICTs, Youth and Gender Equity Organic Agriculture and ICTs Regional Training Workshop – Caribbean –2006 Next Steps Seek to enhance the possibility of building successful regional initiatives Support innovative approaches to capacity building Build on strategies aimed at increasing the effectiveness of policy engagement and policy influence JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

98 Institute for Connectivity in the Americas Social Development (Declaration Mandates 43 & 56) Regional Initiatives Regional Networks: OSILAC – Observatory for the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean DIRSI – Dialogue on the Information Society PROTIC – ICT Project Database RELPE – Latin American Network of Educational Portals Computers for Communities (CFC) FRIDA – Regional Fund for Digital Innovation in the Americas Next Steps Support the strengthening of regional and sub-regional research networks Latin American Network of Schoolnets Latin American Network of Educational Portals JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas

99 Institute for Connectivity in the Americas Strengthen Democratic Governance (Declaration Mandates 68 & 69) Regional Initiatives Network of E-Government Leaders in Latin America and the Caribbean (Red GEALC II) Collaboration with SEDI/OAS Impact of ICTs in Local Democratic Strengthening, Transparency and Citizen Participation Conferences/Workshops Sharing Canadian e-Government Experiences – Ottawa, Canada, March 2006 Next Steps Consolidate the RED GEALC as a regional mechanism for the adoption of e-government Strengthen the implementation of e-government strategies in the region Facilitate the exchange of e-government applications among countries of the region Increase regional awareness on the value of ICTs to strengthen democratic governance JSWG – Implementation of the Mandates of the IV Summit of the Americas


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