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Conjugation of verbs in the Present Tense. Listen to Singing the Basics song for –AR verbs.

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Presentación del tema: "Conjugation of verbs in the Present Tense. Listen to Singing the Basics song for –AR verbs."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Conjugation of verbs in the Present Tense

2 Listen to Singing the Basics song for –AR verbs

3 -AR Verb Song o, as, a, amos áis, an o, as, a, amos áis, an o, as, a, amos áis, an present tense -ar endings are... o, as, a, amos áis, an The -ar ending's the infinitive To ask, to speak, to buy, to swim Take off the -ar, you get a stem Put these endings on the end... I ask, you speak, we buy, they swim

4 To conjugate verbs in present tense, You need to know the subject pronouns : Yo Tú Él Ella Usted Nosotros Ellos Ellas Ustedes I You (informal) He She You (formal OR polite) We They (masculine or mixed) They (feminine) You guys/gals; All of you

5 You also need to know the Present tense endings: Drop off the –AR/–ER/–IR and add the following endings: –AR–ER–IR Yo -o Tú -as-es Él -a-e Nosotros -amos-emos-imos Ellos -an-en

6 To conjugate -AR verbs in present tense: Drop off the –AR on verbs like hablar, cantar, bailar and add the Present Tense -AR endings: Yo……………………………..…… Tú……………………………..….. Él / Ella / Usted………..….. Nosotros(as)………………... Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes….. hablo hablas habla hablamos hablan HABLAR:

7 To conjugate –ER verbs in present tense: Drop off the –ER on verbs like comer, beber and add the Present Tense –ER endings: Yo……………………………..…… Tú……………………………..….. Él / Ella / Usted………..….. Nosotros……………………….. Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes….. Como Comes Come Comemos Comen COMER:

8 Drop off the –IR on verbs like vivir, recibir and add the –IR Present Tense endings: Yo……………………………..…… Tú……………………………..….. Él / Ella / Usted………..….. Nosotros……………………….. Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes….. Vivo Vives Vive Vivimos Viven To conjugate –IR verbs in present tense: VIVIR:

9 There are many ways to translate verbs that are conjugated in the present tense: yo bailo (…) I dance tomorrow. I dance. I do dance. I am dancing. Do I dance? What do you do? What are you doing? Do you dance tomorrow? We need entertainment! Should I dance?

10 Conjugate the verbs in Present Tense: cantarTo sing Yo Tú Él Nosotros Ellos canto canta cantamos cantan cantas

11 Conjugate the verbs in Present Tense: comerTo eat Yo Tú Él Nosotros Ellos como come comemos comen comes

12 Conjugate the verbs in Present Tense: escribirTo write Yo Tú Él Nosotros Ellos escribo escribe escribimos escriben escribes

13 Conjugate the verbs in Present Tense: entrarTo enter Yo Tú Él Nosotros Ellos entro entra entramos entran entras

14 Conjugate the verbs in Present Tense: leerTo read Yo Tú Él Nosotros Ellos leo lee leemos leen lees

15 Conjugate the verbs in Present Tense: abrirTo open Yo Tú Él Nosotros Ellos abro abre abrimos abren abres

16 If you need more practice with conjugation of regular verbs in present tense, you can go to conjuguemos.com You can even go on this site to practice and review vocabulary from our book!

17 Remember: Regular Present tense verbs: Drop off the –AR/–ER/–IR and add the following endings: –AR–ER–IR Yo -o Tú -as-es Él -a-e Nosotros -amos-emos-imos Ellos -an-en

18 IRRegular Present Tense verbs dont follow the same rules. You must memorize them! SERESTARIR (to go) Yo soyestoyvoy Tú eresestásvas Él esestáva Nosotros somosestamosvamos Ellos sonestánvan

19 Some verbs are IRRegular ONLY in the YO form: DAR (to give) SABER (to know facts) CONOCER (to know, be aquainted) Yo doyséconozco Tú dassabesconoces Él dasabeconoce Nosotros damossabemos conocemos Ellos dansabenconocen

20 Some verbs are IRRegular ONLY in the YO form: VER (to see) CABER (to fit) Yo veoquepo Tú vescabes Él vecabe Nosotros vemoscabemos Ellos vencaben

21 Some verbs are IRRegular ONLY in the YO form. Go-Go verbs have a g in the YO form: DECIR (to say/tell) OíR (to hear) PONER (to put) Yo digooigopongo Tú dicesoyespones Él diceoyepone Nosotros decimosoímos ponemos Ellos dicenoyenponen

22 More Go-Go verbs: SALIR (to go out) TENER (to have) TRAER (to bring) Yo salgotengotraigo Tú salestienestraes Él saletienetrae Nosotros salimostenemos traemos Ellos salentienentraen

23 and still more Go-Go verbs: VALER (to be worth) VENIR (to come) CAERSE (to fall) Yo valgovengome caigo Tú valesvieneste caes Él valevienese cae Nosotros valemosvenimos nos caemos Ellos valenvienense caen

24 Stem-Changing verbs change from e ie o ue or e i in all forms except nosotros. CERRAR (to close) PODER (to be able to) PEDIR (to ask for) Yo cierropuedopido Tú cierraspuedespides Él cierrapuedepide Nosotros cerramospodemos pedimos Ellos cierranpuedenpiden

25 If you need more practice with conjugation of irregular verbs in present tense, you can go to conjuguemos.com You can even go on this site to practice and review vocabulary from our book!


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