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© Boardworks Ltd 2005 1 of 44 Numbers 1-100 Telling the time The 24 hour clock Genders Me gusta / Me gustan Simple verb endings The possessive Prepositions.

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Presentación del tema: "© Boardworks Ltd 2005 1 of 44 Numbers 1-100 Telling the time The 24 hour clock Genders Me gusta / Me gustan Simple verb endings The possessive Prepositions."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Numbers Telling the time The 24 hour clock Genders Me gusta / Me gustan Simple verb endings The possessive Prepositions Grammar 1

2 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Many slides contain teachers notes. To access these notes go to Notes Page View (PowerPoint 97) or Normal View (PowerPoint 2000). Normal ViewNotes Page View Teachers Notes Flash Files A flash file has been embedded into the PowerPoint slide wherever this icon is displayed – These files are not editable. Sound Files There is sound on the PowerPoint slide wherever this icon is displayed – These files are not editable.

3 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Numbers 1-100: 1

4 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 uno dos trescuatro cinco seis siete ocho nuevediez once docetrece catorce quince dieciséisdiecisiete dieciocho diecinueve veinte unodostrescuatrocinco seissieteochonuevediez oncedocetrececatorcequince dieciséisdiecisietedieciocho diecinueve veinte Numbers 1-100: 2

5 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Numbers 1-100: 3

6 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 21veintiuno 22veintidós 23veintitrés 30treinta 31treinta y uno 32treinta y dos 40cuarenta 41cuarenta y uno 50cincuenta 51 cincuenta y uno 60 sesenta 61 sesenta y uno 70 setenta 71 setenta y uno 80 ochenta 81 ochenta y uno 90 noventa 91 noventa y uno 100 cien Numbers 1-100: 4

7 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 menu Numbers 1-100: 5

8 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Es la una.Son las tres.Son las cinco. Son las ocho.Son las diez.Son las once. Telling the time 1

9 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Telling the time 2

10 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Es mediodía. Es medianoche. Telling the time 3

11 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 ¿Qué hora es? Es la… / Son las… ABCD EFGH Telling the time 4

12 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Telling the time 5

13 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 ¿Qué hora es? Telling the time 6

14 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 1 Es medianoche. 2 Son las tres y cuarto. 3Son las diez y veinticinco. 4Son las once y cinco. 5Son las doce y media. 6Son las siete y media. 7Es la una menos cuarto. 8Son las cuatro menos cinco. 9Son las dos menos veinte. 10Son las cinco. 11Son las seis menos diez. 12Son las nueve y veinte. Dibuja los relojes con la hora adecuada. menu Telling the time 7

15 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 How to use the 24-hour clock. The 24 hour clock 1

16 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 trece catorce quince dieciséis diecisiete dieciocho diecinueve veinte veintiuno veintidós veintitrés veinticuatro cinco diez quince veinte veinticinco treinta treinta y cinco cuarenta cuarenta y cinco cinquenta cinquenta y cinco ¿Qué hora es? 19h1003h4517h5001h4021h1314h0509h4223h2112h3315h28 Son las The 24 hour clock 2

17 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Las dieciséis cincuenta y dos Las catorce Las dieciocho cuarenta y cinco Las quince cinco Las catorce cincuenta Las diecisiete veintiocho Las veinte diez Las diecisiete seis Las diez treinta Las catorce cuarenta y tres Las nueve diez Las veintiuno diez 20:10 A 17:28 B 18:45 C 10:30 D 16:52 E 09:10 F 14:00 G 14:50 H 15:05 I 21:10 J 14:43 K 17:06L A B C D E F G H I J K L menu The 24 hour clock 3

18 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 In Spanish, all nouns (objects, things, people etc.) are either masculine or feminine... This means that the article (the word you use in front of the noun) must change depending on the gender of the word that follows it (this word is the noun). Examples: MasculineFeminine English el médico la médica the doctor un médico una médica a doctor el primola primathe cousin un primouna primaa cousin el enfermero la enfermera the nurse un enfermero una enfermera a nurse Genders 1

19 © Boardworks Ltd of a fountain pen 2. the pencil case 3. a ruler 4. the exercise book 5. the calculator 6. the rubber 7. a bag 8. the pencil 9. a felt-tip pen 10. the computer Masculine Feminine estuchepluma ordenador regla cuadernocalculadora lápiz goma rotulador cartera una el una el la una el un el Using the grid, work out how you would say these in Spanish. Genders 2

20 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 When you talk about items of food, you will often want to say a or an which in Spanish is un or una. With masculine nouns, use un: Tomo un café. I have a coffee. With feminine nouns use una: ¿Qué comes? Una manzana. What are you eating? An apple. Genders 3

21 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Using a dictionary, find out whether each of these expressions is masculine or feminine. Which column do you need to put it under? Genders 4

22 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 menu Genders 5

23 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 LIKES When you like 1 thing, you say me gusta el / la depending on whether the thing you like is masculine or feminine. Me gusta el pan. (masculine) Me gusta la pizza. (feminine) DISLIKES If you dont like something you say no me gusta el / la. No me gusta el queso. No me gusta la limonada. Me gusta / me gustan 1

24 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 No me gusta la sopa. Me gusta la pizza. Me gusta el pan. No me gusta el pollo. Me gusta el agua. No me gusta el vino. Me gusta / me gustan 2

25 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Me gusta / me gustan 3

26 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 menu Me gusta / me gustan 4

27 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Me llamo Lara. Tengo once años. Tengo un hermano. Look at the sentences! You use it when you are talking about yourself! me llamo = Im called, tengo = I have Can you tell when you use the o ending? Simple verb endings 1

28 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Sí, tengo un hermano que se llama Juan y tiene 25 años. Me llamo Belén. ¿Cómo te llamas? Look at the sentences! When you are talking to someone else! ¿Tienes hermanos? – Do you have any brothers or sisters? Can you tell when the verb ends in as or es? When you are talking about someone else! Mi hermano se llama Juan. – My brother is called Juan. Juan tiene veinticinco años. – Juan is 25 years old. Can you tell when the verb ends in a or e? Simple verb endings 2 ¿Belén, tienes hermanos?

29 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Mis padres se llaman Carlos y Conchita. Mis padres tienen 50 y 52 años. Look at the sentences! en or an! Mis padres tienen 50 y 52 años. – My parents are 50 and 52 years old. Mis padres se llaman Carlos y Conchita. – My parents are called Carlos and Conchita. What endings might you have if you are talking about more than one other person? Simple verb endings 3

30 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 The verb endings are the most important part of the verb as they indicate who is doing the action. There are 3 types of verbs that each have different endings. Verbs that end in – ar e.g. hablar – to speak Verbs that end in – er e.g. comer – to eat Verbs that end in – ir e.g. vivir – to live Unfortunately, you need to learn the endings for each verb! Simple verb endings 4

31 © Boardworks Ltd of Which part of the verb tells you who is doing the action? QUIZ 2. What is the ending if you want to talk about yourself? 3. What is the ending if you are talking directly to someone else? 4. What are the endings if you want to say he/she? 5. What are the endings if you want to talk about more than one other person? the ending o as/es a/e an/en Simple verb endings 5

32 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 hablar – to speak (yo) hablo – I speak (tú) hablas – you speak (él/ella) habla – he/she speaks (nosotros/as) hablamos – we speak (vosotros/as) habláis – you (plural) speak (ellos/as) hablan – they speak Here is hablar, an -ar verb. Learn the endings, then try to remember them as they are covered up one by one! Simple verb endings 6

33 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 comer – to eat (yo) como – I eat (tú) comes – you eat (él/ella) come – he/she eats (nosotros/as) comemos – we eat (vosotros/as) coméis – you (plural) eat (ellos/as) comen – they eat Comer is an -er verb! Which endings are different to the ones you just met with hablar? They are all different, except for the first – como and hablo both end in o. Can you learn these endings now? Simple verb endings 7

34 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 vivir – to live (yo) vivo – I live (tú) vives – you live (él/ella) vive – he/she lives (nosotros/as) vivimos – we live (vosotros/as) vivís – you (plural) live (ellos/as) viven – they live Vivir is an -ir verb! Now try to learn these endings! Simple verb endings 8

35 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 hablar comer vivir (yo) habl com viv (tú) hablcomviv (él/ella) habl comviv (nosotros/as) habl com viv (vosotros/as) habl com viv (ellos/as) habl com viv Can you fill in the table, using what you have learnt? oes e imos ís eno es e emoséis eno as a amosáis an Simple verb endings 9

36 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Some verbs are irregular which means that they dont follow these patterns exactly. You have already met the first part of two irregular verbs. Can you remember what they are? soy – I am tengo – I have ser – to be soy – I am eres – you are es – he/she is somos – we are sois – you are son – they are tener – to have tengo – I have tienes – you have tiene – he/she has tenemos – we have tenéis – you have tienen – they have Here they are in full! Simple verb endings 10

37 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Simple verb endings 11

38 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 menu Simple verb endings 12

39 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 What do you think the following sentences mean? 1. Mi tío es el hermano de mi padre. 2. Mi abuelo paterno es el padre de mi padre. 3. El dormitorio de mis padres. In English we would say my parents bedroom as it is shorter than the bedroom of my parents.You cannot say this in Spanish but have to say the bedroom of my parents. The possessive 1

40 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 The possessive 2

41 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 menu The possessive 3

42 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 El libro está encima de la mesa. La silla está delante del sofá. La silla está detrás de la mesa. Prepositions 1 La silla está al lado del sofá. La bolsa está debajo de la mesa.

43 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Why do we sometimes say del and sometimes de la? del goes before masculine nouns e.g. del sofá de la goes before feminine nouns e.g. de la mesa El libro está encima de la mesa. La silla está al lado del sofá. Prepositions 2

44 © Boardworks Ltd of 44 Prepositions 3 menu


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