5The Preterite tense: is a past tense (“-ed”) talks about what happened is a completed actionI went to Maracas yesterday. I played “Halo”. I danced with a pretty girl.
6AR VERBS Take off the ending of the infinitive and add: -é -aste -ó-amos -aron
7He /she/ it spoke, did speak. ó Regular -AR verbshablar = to speak / talkhabléI spoke, I did speak.You spoke, you did speak.asteHe /she/ it spoke, did speak.óamosWe spoke, we did speak.Endings appear one by one on mouse click.aronThey spoke, they did speak.
8Regular -AR verbsChoose 3 of the verbs below and write them out in full:aceptar = to accept cantar = to singamar = to love charlar = to chat llorar= to cryarreglar = to fix dibujar = to draw mirar = to look atayudar = to help entrar = to go in saltar = to jumpganar = to win viajar = to travelbailar = to dance lavar = to wash tomar el sol – to sunbathe
9Endings for –er / -ir verbs are the same… -í -iste -ió-imos -ieron
10Regular -ER verbs comer = to eat com í I ate, I did eat. iste You ate, you did eat.ióHe / she / it ate, did eat.imosWe ate, we did eat.Endings appear one by one on mouse click.ieronThey ate, they did eat.
11He / she / it opened, did open. Regular -IR verbsABRIR= to openI opened, I did open.abríisteYou opened, you did open.ióHe / she / it opened, did open.imosWe opened, we did open.Endings appear one by one on mouse click.ieronThey opened, they did open.
12Regular -ER verbsPractise conjugating 3 of these other verbs.beber = to drinkcorrer = to runvender = to sellcomprender – to understand
13REMEMBER:accents on the first person and third person singular.
14Tomar – to eat/drink:(-ar verbs)tomé tomaste tomótomamos tomaron
20? 1. (Tú) bebí/bebiste Coca-Cola en la cafetería. 2. (Selena) visitó/visitaron Tenerife.3. (Nosotros) escribimos/escribieron unas tarjetas de amor.4. (yo) tomasteis/tomé el sol en la playa.5. (yo) compró/compré muchos regalos.
211. (I) ____________(comprar) un jersey azul. 1. compré, 2. tomaste, 3. comí, 4. bailamos, 5. pasó, 6. visité 7. jugamosComplete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in the preterite tense1. (I) ____________(comprar) un jersey azul.2. (you -tú) ______________( tomar) el sol.3. (I) ______________( comer) demasiado chocolate.4. (We) ____________( bailar) en las discotecas.5. (Maria)_________________(pasar) una semana en Mayaro.6. (I) _______________(visitar) el museo.7. (We) ____________(jugar) al baloncesto.
22Conjugate in Preterite 1. Yo ( comer)2. Mi madre (bailar)3. Usted (estudiar)4. Nosotros ( abrir)5. Dora (explorar)6. Tú (comprender)7. Mis amigos (beber)8. Yo (charlar)9. Nelly y yo (visitar)10. Mi padrastro (navegar)1. Comí2. bailó3. estudió4. abrimos5. exploró6. comprendiste7. bebieron8. charlé9. visitamos10. navegóEXTENSION- Make 5 sentences in your book using the preterite tense.
23a few Irregulars in the Preterite! Ir – to go / ser –to be Tener – to haveFui TuveFuiste – TuvisteFue – TuvoFuimos – TuvimosFueron – TuvieronHacer – to do/ to makeHice –Hiciste –Hizo –HicimosHicieron –
24Irregulars:Verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar have a spelling change in the “yo” form of the Preterite.buscar tocar practicar pagar jugar llegar almorzar empezar comenzar
25The “yo” form of the pretérito changes to : -car-gar-zar“-qué”“-gué”“-cé”“tocé”“jugé”“rezé”