Practice questions Vocab lists and practice questions can be found at: http://www.phschool.com/atschool/realidades /program_page.html http://www.phschool.com/atschool/realidades /program_page.html Select Realidades 1 (Purple) book
Review Part 1 of 3 Part 1 covers Para Empezar and Unit 1.
Infinitives Verbs are words that are most often used to name actions. Verbs in English have different forms depending on who is doing the action or when the action is occurring: I walk, she walks, we walked, etc.
Infinitives The most basic form of a verb is called the INFINITIVE. In English, you can spot infinitives because they always have the word TO in front of them: to swim, to read, to write
Infinitives Infinitives in Spanish, though, dont have a separate word like to in front of them. Spanish infinitives are only one word, and always end in -ar, -er, or -ir: Nadar Leer Escribir
Adjectives Words that describe people and things are called adjectives (adjetivos). In Spanish, most adjectives have both masculine and feminine forms. The masculine form usually ends in the letter -o and the feminine form usually ends in the letter -a.
Adjectives Masculine adjectives are used to describe masculine nouns. Marcos es ordenado y simpatico. Marcos is organized and nice.
Adjectives Feminine adjectives are used to describe feminine nouns. Marta es ordenada y simpática. Marta is organized and nice.
Adjectives Adjectives that end in -e describe both masculine and feminine nouns. Take a look
Adjectives Anita es inteligente. Anita is smart. Pedro es inteligente también. Pedro is also smart.
Subject Pronouns The subject of a sentence tells who is doing the action. You often use peoples names as the subject: Gregorio escucha música. Ana canta y baila.
Subject Pronouns You also use subject pronouns (I, you, he, she, we, they) to tell who is doing an action. The subject pronouns replace peoples names. Here are all the subject pronouns.
Subject Pronouns (Singular) Yo Tú Usted (Ud.) Él Ella I You (informal) You (formal) He She
Subject Pronouns (Plural) Nosotros Nosotras Vosotros Vosotras Ustedes (Uds.) Ellos Ellas We (males) We (females) You All (informal) You All (formal) They (males) They (females)
Subject Pronouns Tú, usted, ustedes, and vosotros(as) all mean you. Use tú with family, friends, people your age or younger, and anyone you call by his or her first name.
Subject Pronouns Use usted with adults you address with a title, such as señor, señora, profesor(a), etc. Usted is usually written as Ud.
Subject Pronouns In Latin America, use ustedes when speaking to two or more people, regardless of age. Ustedes is usually written as Uds.
Subject Pronouns In Spain, use vosotros(as) when speaking to two or more people you call tú individually: Tú + tú = vosotros(as) Use ustedes when talking to two or more people you call usted individually.
Subject Pronouns If a group is made up of males only or of both males and females together, use the masculine forms: nosotros, vosotros, ellos.
Subject Pronouns You can combine a subject pronoun and a name to form a subject.
Subject Pronouns Alejandro y yo = nosotros Carlos y ella = ellos Pepe y tú = ustedes Lola y ella = ellas