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MaestrÍa en Salud pÚblica

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Presentación del tema: "MaestrÍa en Salud pÚblica"— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 MaestrÍa en Salud pÚblica
Inglés Instrumental

2 The pituitary gland is located at the base of the hypothalamus.
VERB “TO BE” To be or not to be Ubicación (estar): The pituitary gland is located at the base of the hypothalamus. Identificación (Ser): The reproductive cycle is regulated by the Pituitary gland. Edad: The patient is a 46-year-old female with marked myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure

3 Estructura de la Oración
La estructura básica de una oración simple es: Subject + verb + Complement

4 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Subject: Expresa quien realiza la acción (Nouns – Pronouns) Eg: Dr. Bronw, the cat, the population on Venezuela. Verb: Expresa la acción que realice el sujeto. Eg: Main verbs (Verbos principales) ej.: Measure, live, manage, perform, develope, increase, entre otros. Modal \ Auxiliary verbs: Son verbos que proporciona o modifican información gramatical y semántica adicional a un verbo de significado completo, ej.: can, should, must, will, is, entre otros.

5 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Ej.: I live in Merida. (Yo vivo en Merida) I could live in Maracay. ( Yo podria vivir en Maracay) Los verbos auxiliares nos permiten realizar oraciones en negativo agregando “not”. Fever is a classic symptom of malaria. Fever is not\ isn’t a classic symptom of malaria. The patient wil be referred by his doctor. The patient will not \ won’t be referred by his doctor.

6 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Los verbos auxiliares nos permiten elaborar preguntas simples (yes\no) Preguntas simples: Is fever a classic symptom of malaria? Yes, it is one of the main symptoms of malaria. No, It is not. Can women live longer than men? Yes, they can according to the WHO’s statistics No, they can’t.

7 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Los verbos auxiliares nos permiten de igual manera preguntas de información . Ej.: Preguntas de Información: What is a classic symptom of malaria? Fever is a classic symptom of malaria. Why can women live longer than men? Who is the president of Mexico?

8 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Complement\ Context Ej: Parasites live on both external and internal surfaces of the body. subj prep. adj Adj Conj. Adj Noun prep. art. Noun Adjectives: Describe al sujeto (subject) y /o al sustantivo (noun). No poseen forma en plural y se colocan andtes del sustantivo. EJ: a healthy environment (un ambiente saludable).

9 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Adjectives (cont.): - Broken arms ( el sustantivo “arm” toma la forma en plural) Adjetivos en Presente participio: Se caracterizan por el sufijo “ing” describen el efecto que produce el sustantivo. Ej: Interesting proposals ( propuestas interesantes). A stressing situation (una situacion estresante). Adjetivos en Pasado participio: Se caracterizan por el sufijo “ed” y describen el sentimiento, estado de animo. Ej: He is interested in the proposal (El esta interesado en la propuesta). The population is stressed out. (La poblacion esta estresada)

10 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Adverb: Se utiliza para otorgar características al verbo, la mayoria presentan el sufijo “ly” (mente). EJ: Fequently (frecuentemente), slowly (lentamente), commonly (comunmente), etc. Article: Derminados (the) para plurales y sustantivos específicos. Indeterminados (a/an) Se utilizan para identificar artículos singulares no específicos. Ej: The gran negative bacteria. (especifico) A Parasite (un parasito, no especifico)

11 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Prepositions: Nos indican la posición del sujeto y/o sustantivo en espacio y tiempo. Ej: In the afternoon. (en la tarde) In the bag. (dentro del bolso) He works at the hospital (el trabaja en el hospital) The meeting starts at seven o’ clock. (at = a las 7:00)

12 Prepositions of Place

13 ESTRUCTURA DE LA ORACIÓN
Noun: (Sustantivo) Son nombres propios o palabras que designan personas, animales, cosas, ideas, etc. Indican el género o naturaleza del sujeto, es decir, seres materiales e inmateriales, tales como a child, cat, happiness, o Paris. Countable Uncountable Some Any There is Is there ?

14 Estructura de la Oración
A potential vaccine could remove the need for regular Chlamydia testing of the population. Some abstract nouns developed etymologically

15 Affirmative Sentences
Fever is a classic symptom of malaria. Scientists are researching about DNA. The officers helped the community. A patient was referred by his doctor. Women can live longer than men.

16 Negative Sentences Fever is not a classic symptom of malaria.
Scientists are not researching about DNA. The officers did not help the community. A patient was not referred by his doctor. Women cannot live longer than men.

17

18 Simple Questions (yes/no)
Can HIV Positive Women Breastfeed ? Are scientists researching about DNA? Will creatine mess with my kidneys?

19 Present Continuous tense
Information Questions Recuerden que solo debe colocarse la palabra pregunta (wh) antes del verbo to be. Ejemplo: Wh + to be + subject + gerund + complement? Where Is Juan working? Donde esta Juan trabajando? Wh To be Subj gerund (Obviamente se elimina donde) Who Are helping the community? (quien esta ayudando a la comunidad?) wh To be Gerund comp (Obviamente se elimina Juan)

20 Simple Present tense Para expresar Rutina o acciones habituales
Affirmative sentences (+) Recuerden que en este tiempo, el verbo se conjuga en tercera persona Ejemplo: (he/she/It) Juan works in Caracas (Juan =he) Subj verb Complement The police officers help the community everyday (Aqui no se cionjuga) Subject verb complement Base

21 Simple Present Tense Negative sentences (-)
Recuerden que se forma con el auxiliar do/does + not y el vervo va en su forma base o , sin conjugar. Ejemplo: Juan does not / doesn´t work in Caracas Subj do/does+ not verb Complement The police officers do not (don´t) help the community Subject do/does+ not verb complement Base

22 Simple Present tense Simple Questions (yes/no)
Recuerden que solo debe colocarse el auxiliar do/does antes del sujeto Ejemplo: Do/does + subject + verb + complement? Base Does Juan work in Caracas? Yes, he works In Caracas. Do/does Subj verb Comp. No, he doesn´t work in Caracas. base Do They help the community? Yes, they help the community Do/does Subj verb comp No, they don´t help the community.

23 Simple Present tense Information Questions
Recuerden que solo debe colocarse la palabra pregunta (wh) antes del auxiliar do/does. Ejemplo: Wh + do/does + subject + verb + complement? Where does Juan work? Donde esta Juan trabajando? Wh do/does Subj verb (Obviamente se elimina donde) Base When do they help the community? (Cuando ayudan ellos a la comunidad?) wh do/does verb comp.

24 Tiempos Verbales Presentes: Present Continuous (am/is/are)
Simple Present Tense (do/does) Pasado: Pasado Continuo (was / were + gerund) Pasado Simple (did) Perfectos: Presente Perfecto (have/has) Presente Perfecto continuo (have/has been + gerund) Pasado Perfecto (Had)

25 Tiempos Verbales Futuros: Futuro Be going to (am/is/are + gerund)
Futuro Wil Futuro Continuo (will + be+Gerund) Subjuntivo: Wish (Verb +past) Hope (verb present) Condicionales: Condicional 1 (presente + futuro) Condicional 2 (modals past +verb present) Condicional3 ( past perfect modal past + present perfect)

26 Tiempos Verbales Verbos Modales: ( obligación, consejo, habilidad, probabilidad) Voz Pasiva. ( presentes, pasados, perfectos, futuros) Reported Speech ( presentes, pasados, perfectos, futuros) Colocar tiempos en articulos en ingles e identificarlos!

27 Love Letter PERSON IN ROOM ADJECTIVE VERB PART OF THE BODY NUMBER NOUN
ADVERB PRONOUN PLURAL OTHER PERSON IN ROOM

28 Love Letter Dear [ ], You are extremly [ ] and I [ ] you! I want kiss your [ ] [ ] times. You make my [ ] burn with desire. When I first saw you, I [ ] stared at you and fell in love. Will you [ ] out with me? Don`t let your parents discourage you, [ ] are just jealous. Yours forever, [ ]

29 Can I Have Your Daughter`s Hand? Mad Lib
SILLY NAME SILLY WORD VERB NOUN BODY PART (PLURAL) FEMALE NAME VERB ENDING IN "ED" NOUN (PLURAL) VERB NOUN OCCUPATION NUMBER

30 Can I Have Your Daughter`s Hand? Mad Lib
Dear Mr. and Mrs. [Word Not Submitted] [Word Not Submitted], Will you let me [________] your [________] ? Ever since I have laid [________] on [________] , I have [________] madly in love with her. I wish that she will be the [________] of my [________] and that someday we will [________] happily ever after. I have a [________] as a/an [________] that pays [________] each month. I promise to [________] with kindness and respect. Sincerely, [________] [________]

31 Can I Have Your Daughter`s Hand? Mad Lib
ADJECTIVE VERB ENDING IN "ED" NOUN (PLURAL) LIQUID FAMOUS PERSON PLACE OCCUPATION NOUN NATIONALITY FEMALE CELEBRITY FEMALE FRIEND NOUN (PLURAL) NUMBER ADJECTIVE

32 Personal Ad I enjoy long, [ ] walks on the beach, getting [ ] in the rain and serendipitous encounters with [ ]. I really like piña coladas mixed with [ ], and romantic, candle-lit [ ]. I am well-read from Dr. Seuss to [ ]. I travel frequently, especially to [________] ,when I am not busy with work. I am a [________]. I am looking for [ ] and beauty in the form of a [ ] goddess. She should have the physique of [ ] and the [ ] of [ ]. I would prefer if she knew how to cook, clean, and wash my [ ]. I know I’m not very attractive in my picture, but it was taken [ ] days ago, and I have since become more [ ].

33 Important tools! Pubmed: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
Mayo Clinic: Men’s Health: what-it-what-it-does Wordreference English phonetics: Translator: https://translate.google.co.ve/?hl=es-419&tab=wT


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