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Inglés Instrumental. Ubicación (estar): Ubicación (estar): The pituitary gland is located at the base of the hypothalamus. Identificación (Ser): Identificación.

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Presentación del tema: "Inglés Instrumental. Ubicación (estar): Ubicación (estar): The pituitary gland is located at the base of the hypothalamus. Identificación (Ser): Identificación."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Inglés Instrumental

2 Ubicación (estar): Ubicación (estar): The pituitary gland is located at the base of the hypothalamus. Identificación (Ser): Identificación (Ser): The reproductive cycle is regulated by the Pituitary gland. The reproductive cycle is regulated by the Pituitary gland. Edad: Edad: The patient is a 46-year-old female with marked myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure VERB TO BE

3 La estructura básica de una oración simple es: Subject + verb + Complement Estructura de la Oración

4 Subject: Expresa quien realiza la acción (Nouns – Pronouns) Eg: Dr. Bronw, the cat, the population on Venezuela. Verb: Expresa la acción que realice el sujeto. a. Eg: Main verbs (Verbos principales) ej.: Measure, live, manage, perform, develope, increase, entre otros. b. Modal \ Auxiliary verbs: Son verbos que proporciona o modifican información gramatical y semántica adicional a un verbo de significado completo, ej.: can, should, must, will, is, entre otros. Subject: Expresa quien realiza la acción (Nouns – Pronouns) Eg: Dr. Bronw, the cat, the population on Venezuela. Verb: Expresa la acción que realice el sujeto. a. Eg: Main verbs (Verbos principales) ej.: Measure, live, manage, perform, develope, increase, entre otros. b. Modal \ Auxiliary verbs: Son verbos que proporciona o modifican información gramatical y semántica adicional a un verbo de significado completo, ej.: can, should, must, will, is, entre otros.

5 Ej.: a. I live in Merida. (Yo vivo en Merida) b. I could live in Maracay. ( Yo podria vivir en Maracay) Los verbos auxiliares nos permiten realizar oraciones en negativo agregando not. Ej.: a. Fever is a classic symptom of malaria. b. Fever is not\ isnt a classic symptom of malaria. c. The patient wil be referred by his doctor. d. The patient will not \ wont be referred by his doctor. Ej.: a. I live in Merida. (Yo vivo en Merida) b. I could live in Maracay. ( Yo podria vivir en Maracay) Los verbos auxiliares nos permiten realizar oraciones en negativo agregando not. Ej.: a. Fever is a classic symptom of malaria. b. Fever is not\ isnt a classic symptom of malaria. c. The patient wil be referred by his doctor. d. The patient will not \ wont be referred by his doctor.

6 Los verbos auxiliares nos permiten elaborar preguntas simples (yes\no) Preguntas simples: 1) Is fever a classic symptom of malaria? Yes, it is one of the main symptoms of malaria. No, It is not. 2) Can women live longer than men? Yes, they can according to the WHOs statistics No, they cant.

7 Los verbos auxiliares nos permiten de igual manera preguntas de información. Ej.: Preguntas de Información: 1. What is a classic symptom of malaria? Fever is a classic symptom of malaria. 2. Why can women live longer than men? 3. Who is the president of Mexico?

8 Complement\ Context Ej: a. Parasites live on both external and internal surfaces of the body. subj. prep. adj. Adj. Conj. Adj. Noun prep. art. Noun Adjectives: Describe al sujeto (subject) y /o al sustantivo (noun). No poseen forma en plural y se colocan andtes del sustantivo. EJ: a healthy environment (un ambiente saludable).

9 Adjectives (cont.): - Broken arms ( el sustantivo arm toma la forma en plural) Adjetivos en Presente participio: Se caracterizan por el sufijo ing describen el efecto que produce el sustantivo. Ej: Interesting proposals ( propuestas interesantes). A stressing situation (una situacion estresante). Adjetivos en Pasado participio: Se caracterizan por el sufijo ed y describen el sentimiento, estado de animo. Ej: He is interested in the proposal (El esta interesado en la propuesta). The population is stressed out. (La poblacion esta estresada)

10 Adverb: Se utiliza para otorgar características al verbo, la mayoria presentan el sufijo ly (mente). EJ: Fequently (frecuentemente), slowly (lentamente), commonly (comunmente), etc. Article: Derminados (the) para plurales y sustantivos específicos. Indeterminados (a/an) Se utilizan para identificar artículos singulares no específicos. Ej: The gran negative bacteria. (especifico) A Parasite (un parasito, no especifico)

11 Prepositions: Nos indican la posición del sujeto y/o sustantivo en espacio y tiempo. Ej: In the afternoon. (en la tarde) In the bag. (dentro del bolso) He works at the hospital (el trabaja en el hospital) The meeting starts at seven o clock. (at = a las 7:00)

12

13 Noun: (Sustantivo) Son nombres propios o palabras que designan personas, animales, cosas, ideas, etc. Indican el género o naturaleza del sujeto, es decir, seres materiales e inmateriales, tales como a child, cat, happiness, o Paris. Countable Uncountable Some Any There is Is there ?

14 A potential vaccine could remove the need for regular Chlamydia testing of the population. Some abstract nouns developed etymologically Estructura de la Oración

15 1) Fever is a classic symptom of malaria. 2) Scientists are researching about DNA. 3) The officers helped the community. 4) A patient was referred by his doctor. 5) Women can live longer than men. Affirmative Sentences

16 1. Fever is not a classic symptom of malaria. 2. Scientists are not researching about DNA. 3. The officers did not help the community. 4. A patient was not referred by his doctor. 5. Women cannot live longer than men.

17

18 Can HIV Positive Women Breastfeed ? Are scientists researching about DNA? Will creatine mess with my kidneys?

19 Information Questions Recuerden que solo debe colocarse la palabra pregunta (wh) antes del verbo to be. Ejemplo: Wh + to be + subject + gerund + complement? 1. Where Is Juan working? Donde esta Juan trabajando? Wh To be Subj gerund (Obviamente se elimina donde) 2. Who Are helping the community? (quien esta ayudando a la comunidad?) wh To be Gerund comp. (Obviamente se elimina Juan)

20 Affirmative sentences (+) Recuerden que en este tiempo, el verbo se conjuga en tercera persona Ejemplo: (he/she/It) 1. Juan works in Caracas (Juan =he) Subj verb Complement 2. The police officers help the community everyday (Aqui no se cionjuga) Subject verb complement Base

21 Negative sentences (-) Recuerden que se forma con el auxiliar do/does + not y el vervo va en su forma base o, sin conjugar. Ejemplo: 1. Juan does not / doesn´t work in Caracas Subj do/does+ not verb Complement 2. The police officers do not (don´t) help the community Subject do/does+ not verb complement Base

22 Simple Questions (yes/no) Recuerden que solo debe colocarse el auxiliar do/does antes del sujeto Ejemplo: Do/does + subject + verb + complement? Base 1. Does Juan work in Caracas? Yes, he works In Caracas. Do/does Subj verb Comp. No, he doesn´t work in Caracas. base 2. Do They help the community? Yes, they help the community Do/does Subj verb comp. No, they don´t help the community. Base

23 Information Questions Recuerden que solo debe colocarse la palabra pregunta (wh) antes del auxiliar do/does. Ejemplo: Wh + do/does + subject + verb + complement? 1. Where does Juan work? Donde esta Juan trabajando? Wh do/does Subj verb (Obviamente se elimina donde) Base 2. When do they help the community? (Cuando ayudan ellos a la comunidad?) wh do/does verb comp. Base

24 Presentes: Present Continuous (am/is/are) Simple Present Tense (do/does) Pasado: Pasado Continuo (was / were + gerund) Pasado Simple (did) Perfectos: Presente Perfecto (have/has) Presente Perfecto continuo (have/has been + gerund) Pasado Perfecto (Had)

25 Futuros: Futuro Be going to (am/is/are + gerund) Futuro Wil Futuro Continuo (will + be+Gerund) Subjuntivo: Wish (Verb +past) Hope (verb present) Condicionales: Condicional 1 (presente + futuro) Condicional 2 (modals past +verb present) Condicional3 ( past perfect modal past + present perfect)

26 Verbos Modales: ( obligación, consejo, habilidad, probabilidad) Voz Pasiva. ( presentes, pasados, perfectos, futuros) Reported Speech ( presentes, pasados, perfectos, futuros) Colocar tiempos en articulos en ingles e identificarlos!

27 PERSON IN ROOM ADJECTIVE VERB PART OF THE BODY NUMBER NOUN ADVERB VERB PRONOUN PLURAL OTHER PERSON IN ROOM

28 Dear [ ], You are extremly [ ] and I [ ] you! I want kiss your [ ] [ ] times. You make my [ ] burn with desire. When I first saw you, I [ ] stared at you and fell in love. Will you [ ] out with me? Don`t let your parents discourage you, [ ] are just jealous. Yours forever, [ ]

29 SILLY NAME SILLY WORD VERB NOUN BODY PART (PLURAL) FEMALE NAME VERB ENDING IN "ED" NOUN NOUN (PLURAL) VERB NOUN OCCUPATION NUMBER VERB SILLY WORD SILLY NAME

30 Dear Mr. and Mrs. [Word Not Submitted] [Word Not Submitted], Will you let me [________] your [________] ? Ever since I have laid [________] on [________], I have [________] madly in love with her. I wish that she will be the [________] of my [________] and that someday we will [________] happily ever after. I have a [________] as a/an [________] that pays [________] each month. I promise to [________] with kindness and respect. Sincerely, [________] [________]

31 ADJECTIVE VERB ENDING IN "ED" NOUN (PLURAL) LIQUID NOUN (PLURAL) FAMOUS PERSON PLACE OCCUPATION NOUN NATIONALITY FEMALE CELEBRITY NOUN FEMALE FRIEND NOUN (PLURAL) NUMBER ADJECTIVE

32 I enjoy long, [ ] walks on the beach, getting [ ] in the rain and serendipitous encounters with [ ]. I really like piña coladas mixed with [ ], and romantic, candle-lit [ ]. I am well-read from Dr. Seuss to [ ]. I travel frequently, especially to [________],when I am not busy with work. I am a [________]. I am looking for [ ] and beauty in the form of a [ ] goddess. She should have the physique of [ ] and the [ ] of [ ]. I would prefer if she knew how to cook, clean, and wash my [ ]. I know Im not very attractive in my picture, but it was taken [ ] days ago, and I have since become more [ ].

33 Pubmed: Mayo Clinic: Mens Health: what-it-what-it-does what-it-what-it-does Wordreference English phonetics: Translator: https://translate.google.co.ve/?hl=es-419&tab=wT


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