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Calentamiento Define: Acostarse Ducharse Levantarse Despertarse la cara to get dressed the nose to laugh Soap Comb Pre-write 156-7.

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Presentación del tema: "Calentamiento Define: Acostarse Ducharse Levantarse Despertarse la cara to get dressed the nose to laugh Soap Comb Pre-write 156-7."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Calentamiento Define: Acostarse Ducharse Levantarse Despertarse la cara to get dressed the nose to laugh Soap Comb Pre-write 156-7

2 Calentamiento Define: Acostarse –To lie down –To go to bed Ducharse –To shower ones self Levantarse –To get ones self up Despertarse –To wake ones self la cara –The face to get dressed – vestirse the nose – La nariz to laugh – reírse Soap – El jabón Comb – El peine

3 Reflexive Pronouns Prepare: Pre-write Procedures: –Present: Teach Reflexive Verbs Construction and Usage lesson –Participate: Students take notes & participate in lesson examples –Practice: Read paragraph 5-6 on page 161 and copy all reflexive verbs (7), give their infinitive form & translate the sentence into English. –Complete Practice packet--do T/F section & first 12 of I-10-1 to review tomorrow –Personalize: Order the activities in exercise 5-8 according to your daily routine Evaluation: Packet, pre-write

4 Theme: Reflexive Verbs Overview & Purpose: Learning the use of reflexive pronouns will help Ss express themselves properly when referring to personal activities & to understand the structure of sentences that use reflexive pronouns Objective: To recite the proper reflexive pronouns for each "person" and correctly conjugate a reflexive verb. Language Objective: To relate sentences about your life that use reflexive verbs & translate sentences with reflexive verbs

5 Reflexive Constructions: pronouns and verbs (Las construcciones reflexivas: los pronombres y los verbos)

6 Verbs with reflexive pronouns Objective: TSWBAT to identify and conjugate a verb with a reflexive pronoun What do the following verbs mean? 1.Bañarse 2.Acostarse 3.Afeitarse 4.Levantarse 5.sentarse

7 What do the following verbs mean? 1.Bañarse 1.To bathe ones self 2.Acostarse 1.To lay ones self down (to sleep) 3.Afeitarse (las piernas/la cara) 1.To shave ones self (legs/face) 4.Levantarse 1.To get ones self up (out of bed) 5.Sentarse 1.To sit ones self down

8 Youve done this before… Llamarse –How do you say your name in Spanish? Me llamo ____ What does that phrase mean? –I call MYSELF How do you say you call yourself

9 Reflexive constructions in Spanish are generally used to describe actions that people do to, or for, themselves: Notice that we often indicate that a verb is reflexive by attaching se onto the infinitive Acostarse (ue) –To lay ones self down (to sleep) Afeitarse –To shave (ones self) Bañarse –To bathe ones self Cepillarse (los dientes, el pelo) –To brush ones (teeth, hair,) Despertarse (ie) –To wake ones self up Dormirse (ue, u) –To go to sleep Lavarse –To wash ones self Levantarse –To get/to rise ones self up Maquillarse –To make ones self up Peinarse (el pelo) –To comb ones self (hair) Quitarse –To take off ones self Secarse –To dry ones self (off) Sentarse (ie) –To sit ones self down Vestirse (i,i) –To dress ones self

10 Reflexive pronouns with infinitives When you talk about an activity you –NEED TO –PREFER TO –HAVE TO …. You use an INFINITIVE to indicate that its an activitynot the action –I need to brush my teeth. –I prefer to wake myself up early. + DO

11 Tell what you have to do in the morning? ¿Qué tienes que hacer por la mañana? –Tengo que…..

12 Verbs with reflexive pronouns If the subject and object of a verb are the same… –I make myself up. –I relax myself. A reflexive pronoun can be used. –Me/te/se –nos/os/se Me maquillo. (maquillarse) Me relajo. (relajarse) It shows that the subject acts upon itself.

13 Reflexive verbs A reflection of yourself YOU look at YOURSELF The subject and object are the same

14 Isabel could, of course, comb someone elses hair, in which case a reflexive construction would not be used, since someone other than the subject would be receiving the effect of the verb. Isabel se peina. Reflexive actionperformed on oneself Isabel peina a su hermana. Nonreflexive actionperformed on someone else

15 Lavar (to wash) LAVAR 1.LAVO LAVAMOS 2.LAVAS LAVÁIS 3.LAVA LAVAN

16 nos os se me te se The reflexive pronouns The only reflexive pronouns that differ in form from direct or indirect object pronouns are third persons singular and plural. Note that se serves for both.

17 When you conjugate lavarse (to wash ones self), include the reflexive pronoun that agrees with the subject lavarse Me lavo Nos lavamos Te lavas (Os laváis) Se lava Se lavan

18 Calentamiento Get a worksheet from the front table Complete p 66 (about you) and first 5 of

19

20 El despertador suena a las 5:00. (Yo) me levanto temprano. One useful function of reflexive constructions is to describe daily personal activities. The subject pronoun, yo, is in parentheses since it is optional in this case; the object pronoun me is used to show who is being gotten upin this case, the same person as the subject, indicating that I am getting myself up rather than someone else. Whenever the subject and the object of a verb are the same person, the verb is being used reflexively Mi madre me levanta temprano.

21 Yo me baño. Nosotros nos bañamos. Using the verb bañar as an example, the reflexive construction verb paradigm would be as follows in the present tense: Tú te bañas. Él, ella, Ud. se baña. Vosotros os bañáis. Ellos, ellas, Uds. se bañan. Now lets look at some more daily activities. I bathe (myself). You bathe (yourself). He, she, you (form.) bathe(s) (himself, herself, yourself). We bathe (ourselves). You (pl., fam.) bathe (yourselves). They, you (pl., form.) bathe (themselves, yourselves). Notice that English often omits the reflexive pronoun (myself, etc.), whereas it is obligatory in Spanish.

22 When conjugating a reflexive verb… Conjugate the verb normally. (banarse) –___ baño –___ bañas –___ baña Add me, te, se, nos, os, se before the conjugated verb – Me baño –I bathe myself

23 Practica… 1. Por la mañana yo _____ _________ a las cinco y media. (levantarse) 2. Mi madre _________________ antes de ir al trabajo. (maquillarse) 3. Mis hermanos menores _______________ despues de hacer ejercicio. (bañarse) 4. Tú ________________ la cara despué de bañarte. (afeitarse) 5. Nosotros _____________________ al llegar a la clase de español. (sentarse)

24 reflexive pronoun conjugations 1. Por la mañana yo _____ _________ a las cinco y media. (levantarse) –Me levanto 2. Mi madre _________________ antes de ir al trabajo. (maquillarse) –Se maquilla 3. Mis hermanos menores _______________ despues de hacer ejercicio. (bañarse) –Se bañan 4. Tú ________________ la cara después de bañarte. (afeitarse) –Te afeitas 5. Nosotros _____________________ al llegar a la clase de español. (sentarse) –Nos sentamos

25 Choose the appropriate reflexive pronoun. 1.You take a shower. 1.Tú ____ duchas. 2.Maria washes her hair. 1.María ___lava el pelo. 3. You-all wake up. 1.Ustedes _____ despiertan. 4. We brush our teeth. 1.Nosotros _____ cepillamos los dientes. 5. She gets dressed. Ella _____ viste. 6. They sit down. Ellos _____ sientan. 7. I'm worried about you. 1. _____ preocupo por ti. 1. Te 2. Se 3. Se 4. Nos 5. Se 6. Se 7. Me

26 Choose the appropriate form of the verb 1.Maria washes her hair. (lavarse) 1.María se _____ el pelo. 2. We take a shower. (ducharse) 1.Nos _____. 3.They brush their teeth. (cepillarse) 1.Ellos se _____ los dientes. 4. I shave my legs. (afeitarse) 1.Me _____ las piernas. 5.The boys fall asleep. (dormirse o:ue) 1.Los niños se _____. 6.The young ladies get dressed. (vestirse e:i) 1.Las señoritas se _____. 7.We sit down. (sentarse e:ie) 1.Nos _____. 1. Lava 2. Duchamos 3. Cepillan 4. Afeito 5. Duermen 6. Visten 7. sentamos

27 Clara se seca y se viste después de bañarse. Reflexive pronouns, just like direct and indirect object pronouns, are placed either before the conjugated verb or after and attached to an infinitive or gerund.

28 In Spanish… You can attach the reflexive verb to the end of the infinitive… –I need to brush my teeth –Necesito lavarme los dientes. –Preferimos acostarnos temprano. Or it can go before the conjugated verb. –Me necesito lavar los dientes. –Nos Preferimos acostar temprano.

29 Papá se seca el pelo antes de peinarse. Su hija se sienta al tocador y se maquilla.

30 Todos nos acostamos temprano para poder levantarnos a tiempo al día siguiente.

31 Used w/ infinitives Necesitar –To need to Preferir –To prefer Poder –To be able to Deber –Ought to Tener que –To have to Prepositions: Antes de – Before Después de – After Para (que) – In order to En vez de – Instead of

32 Used w/ infinitives Necesitar –To need to –I need to brush my teeth –Necesito lavarme los dientes Preferir –To prefer –We prefer to go to bed early. –Preferimos acostarnos temprano Poder – To be able to – You can leave (irse) – Podemos irnos. Tener que – To have to

33 B. Change the verb ending to agree with the subject of the sentence. 1.Ahora María se puede lavar la cara. (poder, lavarse) 1.Ahora María puede _____ la cara. 2.Me necesito acostar. (necesitar, acostar) 1._____ acostarme. 3.María se prefiere pesar cada mañana. (preferir, pesarse) 1.María prefiere _____ cada mañana. 4.Juan se necesita afeitar. (necesitar, afeitarse) 1.Juan _____ afeitarse. 5.Juan necesita bañarse. (necesitar, bañarse) 1.Juan se _____ bañar. 1. Lavarse 2. Necesito 3. Pesarse 4. Necesita 5. necesita

34 B. Change the verb ending to agree with the subject of the sentence. Juan reads a book before going to bed. (acostarse) –Juan lee un libro antes de _________. We read the newspaper after getting up. (levantarse) –Leemos el periódico después de _________. Instead of going to bed, I'm going to study Spanish. (acostarse) –En vez de _________, voy a estudiar español. After taking off her boots, Maria enters the apartment. (quitarse) –Después de _________ las botas, María entra el apartamento. The family eats dinner after sitting down. (sentarse) –La familia cena después de _________. After getting dressed, the girls look at themselves in the mirror. (vestirse) –Después de _________, las chicas se miran en el

35 Calentamiento 1.I take a shower (ducharse). 2.I take a bath(bañarse) 3.You (s. fam) take a shower every day (cada día) 4.He shaves every morning.(afeitarse) 5.She brushes her teeth (los dientes) three times a day (veces al día) (cepillarse)

36 Reflexive Pronoun Packet 1.I take a shower (ducharse). 1.(yo) me ducho. 2.I take a bath 1.(yo) me baño. 3.You (s. fam) take a shower every day (cada día) 1.(tú) te duchas cada día. 4.He shaves every morning. (afeitarse) 1.(él) se afeita cada mañana. 5.She brushes her teeth (los dientes) three times a day (veces al día) - cepillarse 1.(ella) se cepilla los dientes tres veces al día.

37 1.I go to bed. 1.(yo) me acuesto 2.You wash your hair. 1.(tú) te lavas el pelo. 3.He shaves every morning. 1.Él se afeita cada mañana. 4.She shaves her legs. 1.Ella se afeita las piernas. 5.You (pl. fam) wake up. 1.Vosotros os despertaís

38 Reflexive Pronoun Packet I-11-3 (first 5) 1.Antes de vestir___, yo plancho la ropa. 2.Después de bañar____, Mariana se acuesta. 3.Antes de ir_____ al trabajo, leemos el periódico. 4.Después de levantar_____, hago la cama. 5.Ellos cenan despué de sentar_____.

39 Reflexive Pronoun Packet I-11-3 (first 5) 1.Antes de vestir___, y plancho la ropa. 1.ME 2.Después de bañar____, Mariana se acuesta. 1.SE 3.Antes de ir_____ al trabajo, leemos el periódico. 1.NOS 4.Después de levantar_____, hago la cama. 1.ME 5.Ellos cenan después de sentar_____. 1.SE

40 (Now, how do we feel?) Reflexive constructions are often used to describe feelings, moods, and conditions: alegrarse (de) Some examples are listed below divertirse [ie, i] (con) enamorarse (de) enfermarse (de, con) enojarse (de, con) olvidarse (de) to become happy (about) to have fun (with) to fall in love (with) to become sick (from, with) to get angry (about, at) to forget (to or about) Y ahora, ¿cómo nos sentimos?

41 Nos alegramos de pasar tiempo con la familia. A veces los niños se divierten mucho en la bañera. Me gusta caminar en el parque.

42 Te vas a enamorar un día de éstos. Me enfermo cuando como muchos dulces.

43 Mis padres se enojan si no me acuesto a tiempo. Nunca nos olvidamos de lavarnos los dientes.

44 Los niños se ponen tristes cuando su padre está fuera. The important and versatile verb poner, basically to put, means to put on (as in clothing) when used reflexively. It also is used reflexively with adjectives to express the idea of to become. The children are (become) sad when their father is out of town. Pongo mis libros en mi mochila. I put my books in my backpack. En invierno, nos ponemos un abrigo antes de salir. In the winter, we put on an overcoat before going out.

45 I become angry –Me pongo furioso/a She becomes sad – Ella se pone triste We become frustrated – Nos ponemos frustrados

46 Write the word or words necessary to form an equivalent sentence. 1.Juan necesita lavarse el pelo. (necesitar, lavarse) 1.Juan _____ necesita lavar el pelo. 2.Nos preferimos lavar con jabón perfumado. (preferir, lavarse) 1.Preferimos _____ con jabón perfumado. 3.Tú puedes dormirte. (poder, dormirse) 1.Te _____ dormir. 4.Juan se necesita bañar. (necesitar, bañarse) 1.Juan _____ bañarse. 5.Nos necesitamos duchar esta noche. (necesitar, ducharse) 1.Nosotros _____ ducharnos esta noche. 6. Necesitamos ducharnos esta noche. (necesitar, ducharse) 1. _____ necesitamos duchar esta noche. 7. Juan se necesita lavar el pelo. (necesitar, lavarse) 1. Juan _____ lavarse el pelo. 8. Te puedes dormir. (poder, dormirse) 1. Tú puedes _____. 9. Preferimos lavarnos con jabón perfumado. (preferir, lavarse) 1. _____ preferimos lavar con jabón perfumado.

47 Write the word or words necessary to form an equivalent sentence. 1.Juan necesita lavarse el pelo. (necesitar, lavarse) 1.Juan SE necesita lavar el pelo. 2.Nos preferimos lavar con jabón perfumado. (preferir, lavarse) 1.Preferimos LAVARNOS con jabón perfumado. 3.Tú puedes dormirte. (poder, dormirse) 1.Te PUEDES dormir. 4.Juan se necesita bañar. (necesitar, bañarse) 1.Juan _____ bañarse. 5.Nos necesitamos duchar esta noche. (necesitar, ducharse) 1.Nosotros _____ ducharnos esta noche. 6. Necesitamos ducharnos esta noche. (necesitar, ducharse) 1. _____ necesitamos duchar esta noche. 7. Juan se necesita lavar el pelo. (necesitar, lavarse) 1. Juan _____ lavarse el pelo. 8. Te puedes dormir. (poder, dormirse) 1. Tú puedes DORMIRTE. 9. Preferimos lavarnos con jabón perfumado. (preferir, lavarse) 1. NOS preferimos lavar con jabón perfumado.

48 Theme: Reflexive Practice & Reciprocal Construction ( ) Objective & Big Picture: The use of reciprocal construction allows the student to properly express what people to "reciprocally" --talk on the phone with each other, love each other, hug each other, write to each other Language Objective: to tell what famous duos do together using the reciprocal construction. (p 162/5-9)

49 Reciprocal Pronouns/Verbs

50 Procedures: Present - Review Reflexive Pronoun Packet; Teach students Reciprocal Construcation and Use Participate - Students take notes & practice w/ lesson prompts Practice - tell what famous duos do together using the reciprocal construction. (p 162/5-9) Personalize - Create 5 sentences using the Reciprocal Verbs from your chapter to tell what you & your friends/family/BF-GF do together (school appropriate sentences please!) Evaluation: Libro 5-10/ created sentences

51 One another, each other The pronouns nos, os, and se can be used to express reciprocal actions or conditions, that is, what people do to each other or how they feel about one another. Los novios se hablan por teléfono. The boyfriend & girlfriend talk to one another on the phone. (We love each other a lot.) Nos queremos mucho. Of course, the reciprocal pronouns must be plural by definition, since one another refers to more than one person. Note that they coincide in form with the plural reflexive pronouns.

52 Besarse – To kiss each other Abrazarse – To hug each other Odiarse – To hate each other Encontrarse – To find each other Tolerarse – To tolerate each other Common Reciprocal Verbs Amarse/Quererse –To love each other Llamarse –To call each other Escribirse –To write each other Verse –To see each other

53 MODELO: Romeo y Julieta Romeo y Julieta se quieren mucho. ALGUNAS PAREJAS 1.Charlie Brown y Snoopy 2.Antonio y Cleopatra 3.Antonio Banderas y Melanie Griffith 4.los republicanos y los demócratas 5.los perros (dogs) y los gatos (cats) 6.Marc Anthony y Jennifer López 7.Tú y yo 8.¿…? ALGUNAS RELACIONES quererse llamarse Escribirse Verse (no) besarse Odiarse Encontrarse tolerarse

54 MODELO: Romeo y Julieta Romeo y Julieta se quieren mucho. ALGUNAS PAREJAS 1.Charlie Brown y Snoopy se quieren como amigos 2.Tú y yo nos llamamos cada día 3.Antonio y Cleopatra se aman 4.Antonio Banderas y Melanie Griffith se besan 5.los republicanos y los demócratas se odian 6.los perros (dogs) y los gatos (cats) no se toleran ALGUNAS RELACIONES quererse llamarse Escribirse Verse (no) besarse Odiarse Encontrarse tolerarse

55 - Create 2 sentences using the Reciprocal Verbs from your chapter to tell –what you & your best friend do together 1 st person plural –What your parents or a famous couple do 3 rd person plural (school appropriate sentences please!)

56 FIN

57 El Presidente Obama y la Sra. Obama se quieren –President Obama and Mrs. Obama love each other.

58 Practice - tell what famous duos do together using the reciprocal construction. (p 162/5-9)

59 Reflexive Pronoun Packet I-11-1: first five All of ¿verdadero o falso? I-11-2: first five I-11-3: all : first three


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