To say that people do something to or for themselves you use reflexive verbs.
For example washing ones hands lavarse las manos and brushing ones teeth cepillarse los dientes are reflexive actions because the person doing the action ALSO receives the action.
Many reflexive verbs are translated into English with the word get like vestirse to get dressed or arreglarse to get ready (presentable)
How do you know a verb is reflexive? It ends in se in the infinitive form. ducharse cepillarse afeitarse
Here we are seeing the difference between a reflexive verb and a non reflexive verb. Ana Juan Claudia NON REFLEXIVE REFLEXIVE
Claudia is getting her hair cut BY Ana. She is NOT doing the action TO HERSELF so the non reflexive verb cortar is used. Ana Juan Claudia NON REFLEXIVE REFLEXIVE Ana corta el pelo.
Juan is cutting HIS OWN hair. He is doing the action TO HIMSELF so the reflexive verb cortarse is used. Ana Juan Claudia NON REFLEXIVE REFLEXIVE Ana corta el pelo. Juan se corta el pelo.
Julia Choose which is reflexive? A B Ana Letter A is reflexive because Ana is combing her own hair. Ana se peina el pelo. In letterB Julia is combing Anas hair. Julia peina el pelo de Ana.
A B Laura Juana Lina Choose which is reflexive? Letter B is reflexive because Lina is painting her own nails. Lina se pinta las uñas. In letter A Juana is painting Lauras nails. Juana pinta las uñas de Laura.
A B Paco Choose which is reflexive? Letter B is reflexive because Paco is washing his (own) hands. Paco se lava las manos. In letter A Paco is washing dishes. He is not doing the action to himself. Paco lava los platos.
Subject Reflexive Prounoun Translation All reflexive verbs are used with a reflexive pronoun. Each reflexive prounoun matches up with the subject prounoun that it reflects. yo él/ella/usted me tú myself nosotros ellos/ellas ustedes te se nos os se yourself himself/herself/ itself/yourself ourselves yourselves, each other themselves, yourselves, each other vosotros
Where does the reflexive pronoun go? In the present tense and other simple (single word) tenses it goes in front of the conjugated verb. Yomepeino.
Where does the reflexive pronoun go? With infinitives it can go in front of the helping verb, Yo voy a vestir. Yo voy a vestir me me. or be tacked on to the end of the infinitive.
Where does the reflexive pronoun go? It is the same with present participles (ing verbs ending in ando, iendo or endo ). Yo estoy duchando. Estoy duchando me me. It can go in front of the helping verb, or be tacked on to the end of the present participle.
Some verbs can be reflexive AND non reflexive. However, they can have small but important changes in meaning when they become reflexive. NOT REFLEXIVE MeaningREFLEXIVEMeaning dormirto sleepdormirse to fall asleep ir to go irse to go away engañar to trickengañarse to be mistaken llevar to take llevarse to take away marchar to go, walkmarcharseto leave poner to put ponerse to put on quedar to be left over quedarse to remain, to stay
Many reflexive verbs are used to talk about your morning grooming routine as you get ready for the day and at night when you are getting ready for bed.
(los alumnos)* despedirse Los alumnos se despiden.
(Ustedes) *acostarse Ustedes se acuestan a las once.
Finally, other common reflexive verbs that do not have to do with morning and evening (grooming) routines are: llamarse-to be called (used to tell your name) *divertirse -to have fun enojarse-to get angry equivocarse-to be mistaken fijarse (en) -to notice, to pay attention (to) olvidarse (de)-to forget quejarse-to complain *sentarse-to sit down *sentirse-to feel