La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

La descarga está en progreso. Por favor, espere

Monitoreo de Signos Vitales Dr. Rogelio Carrera UANL.

Presentaciones similares


Presentación del tema: "Monitoreo de Signos Vitales Dr. Rogelio Carrera UANL."— Transcripción de la presentación:

1 Monitoreo de Signos Vitales Dr. Rogelio Carrera UANL

2 National Park Service Natural Resource Challenge Revitalize and expand the natural resource program within the park service and improve park management through greater reliance on scientific knowledge

3 El Servicio deberá llevar a cabo un programa de inventario y monitoreo del sistema de Parques Nacionales para contar con información básica de la tendencia a largo plazo de la condición de los recursos en los Parques… NATIONAL PARKS OMNIBUS MANAGEMENT ACT OF 1998 Title II – Section 204. Inventory and Monitoring Program El Servicio deberá…utilizar los resultados de los estudios científicos de manera apropiada para tomar decisiones de manejo en los Parques..

4 Objetivos del Programa de Monitoreo de Signos Vitales: Determinar el estado y tendencias de la condición de ciertos recursos naturales en los Parques Nacionales La intención del monitoreo de signos vitales es de darle seguimiento a un subgrupo de elementos y/o procesos físicos, y químicos, así como elementos biológicos y procesos ecosistémicos que son seleccionados para representar la salud general de los parques, midiendo los efectos hipotéticos de agentes de estrés identificados.

5 Aspectos Clave del Monitoreo de Signos Vitales: Perspectiva de largo plazo Integración y coordinación entre parques, programas y agencias Énfasis en el Manejo de la Información

6 El Manejo de los Parques se Alimenta de Información Científica – Integración con otras operaciones del Parque El monitoreo como un sistema de información Se integra la información de los recursos naturales a las operaciones del parque Se hace la información mas útil y disponible para los manejadores en sitio Los datos están disponibles para investigadores, educación, modelaje y análisis Entender, proteger, restaurar, los recursos en los Parques (Adapted from National Water Quality Monitoring Council)

7 El Pastel de Bodas Una alternativa a usar una receta de cocina Nacional Parque Variables Núcleo del Servicio Variables Núcleo de la Red/Ecosistema Red/Ecosistema El uso principal de los datos es a nivel local La capacidad del parque en establecer alianzas y procurar fondos es importante para el éxito Los indicadores y protocolos mas importantes para cada sistema pueden ser muy diferentes (Bosques del Pacifico Norte vs. Florida vs. Colorado)

8 Las 32 redes de parques son suficientemente grandes para permitir compartir recursos humanos y financieros. Agrupan parques que comparten ecosistemas y problemáticas. El Concepto de Red

9 Las redes de monitoreo de signos vitales están diseñando un sistema para recopilar datos de manera científica, su análisis y difusión, que no tiene precedentes en la historia del Servicio de Parques Nacionales

10 Level 1 CategoryVital Sign:Frequency Air and Climate Atmospheric Deposition (NADP)Monthly Visibility and particulate matter (IMPROVE)Monthly Climate (9 parameters)Daily Geology and Soils Stream Channel MorphologyEvery 5 years Biological Soil CrustsEvery 5 years Soil Aggregate StabilityEvery 5 years Soil CompactionEvery 5 years Soil CoverAnnually Water Groundwater DepthAnnually Core Water Quality ParametersAnnually Nutrient Loading (N & P)Annually Biological Integrity Invasive/Exotic Plants – Early DetectionBiennially Invasive/Exotic Plants – Status and TrendsEvery 5 Years Plant PhenologyAnnually Vegetation Lifeform AbundanceAnnually LandbirdsAnnually Vegetation Structure and CompositionEvery 5 years Human Use Visitor UseMonthly Visitor Use ImpactsEvery 5 years Landscapes Landscape Dynamics (Land Use & Cover)Every 10 years Vital Signs for Tonto National Monument

11 Como se reportan los resultados del monitoreo en Parques Nacionales Los datos están disponibles para tomadores de decisiones, científicos, educadores, y grupos interesados Annual Administrative Report and Work Plan Annual Reports for specific Protocols or Projects Inventory Project Reports Analysis and Synthesis reports – trends Program and Protocol Review reports Scientific journal articles and book chapters Symposia, workshops and conferences Websites – Intranet and Internet Annual briefings and executive summaries for park managers National Report - Condition of NR in National Parks

12 Greater Yellowstone Monitoring Executive Briefs Grizzly Bears Yellowstone Cutthroat Geothermal Fire Wolves Bison Elk Lake Trout Yellowstone Volcano Climate Land Use Whitebark Pine Amphibians Invasive Plants Land Birds Trumpeter Swans

13 Greater Yellowstone Monitoring Executive Briefs Grizzly Bears Yellowstone Cutthroat Geothermal Fire Wolves Bison Elk Lake Trout Yellowstone Volcano Climate Land Use Whitebark Pine Amphibians Invasive Plants Land Birds Trumpeter Swans Whitebark Pine Additional Resources Contact(s) Reports Learning Center Links Importance Whitebark pine is considered a keystone species in the subalpine ecosystem. Its best known role in these ecosystems is as a high-energy food source for a variety of wildlife species, including grizzly bears. Dramatic declines of whitebark have been reported throughout its range due to two major factors: 1) an introduced fungus, white pine blister rust; and 2) heavy mortality from endemic mountain pine beetle. print version Source D Click for more detail. or for graphic. D Discussion Our preliminary results indicate that the occurrence of white pine blister rust is widespread throughout the GYE, although in most cases, severity is at relatively low levels. Status Thirty six of the 51 (71%) transects had some indication of blister rust. Although blister rust was widespread, the infection severity was relatively low. The estimate proportion of trees infected with blister rust within the GYE to be ± 0.05 SE, and most infected trees had 2 cankers. Last Update 12/04/2005 G G G D G Year Proportion of Trees Infected

14 Greater Yellowstone Monitoring Executive Briefs Grizzly Bears Yellowstone Cutthroat Geothermal Fire Wolves Bison Elk Lake Trout Yellowstone Volcano Climate Land Use Whitebark Pine Amphibians Invasive Plants Land Birds Trumpeter Swans Whitebark Pine Additional Resources Contact(s) Reports Learning Center Links Importance Whitebark pine is considered a keystone species in the subalpine ecosystem. Its best known role in these ecosystems is as a high-energy food source for a variety of wildlife species, including grizzly bears. Dramatic declines of whitebark have been reported throughout its range due to two major factors: 1) an introduced fungus, white pine blister rust; and 2) heavy mortality from endemic mountain pine beetle. print version Source D Click for more detail. or for graphic. D Discussion Our preliminary results indicate that the occurrence of white pine blister rust is widespread throughout the GYE, although in most cases, severity is at relatively low levels. Status Thirty six of the 51 (71%) transects had some indication of blister rust. Although blister rust was widespread, the infection severity was relatively low. The estimate proportion of trees infected with blister rust within the GYE to be ± 0.05 SE, and most infected trees had 2 cankers. Last Update 12/04/2005 G G G D G Year Proportion of Trees Infected Whitebark Pine Issues White pine blister rust White pine blister rust, an exotic fungus first introduced to North America in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1910, enters the stomata of the whitebark pine needles and then erupts into cankers on the branches, leading to the cessation of cone production and the eventual death of the tree in some cases (Tomback et al. 2001). White pine blister rust also requires Ribes species as an alternate host (Tomback et al. 2001). Depending on the level of infection, a tree with white pine blister rust can live for several years; however, saplings that are infected generally die within three years (Koteen 2002). Infection by blister rust also weakens the tree and tends to lead to death by an accumulation of factors, including mountain pine beetle, other pathogens, root diseases and unfavorable climatic conditions (Koteen 2002). Mountain Pine Beetle The mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) is a native insect that has coevolved with pine forests in the western U.S. (Logan and Powell 2001). Host tree species of mountain pine beetle include: ponderosa pine, lodgepole pine, western white pine and whitebark pine (Kipfmueller and Swetnam 2002). In some species, such as lodgepole pine, mountain pine beetle plays a significant role in its continuation on the landscape through providing periodic disturbances that kill trees and create vast tracks of dead needles that serve as fine fuels for fire ignition and spread (Logan and Powell 2001). Close Window

15 Greater Yellowstone Monitoring Executive Briefs Grizzly Bears Yellowstone Cutthroat Geothermal Fire Wolves Bison Elk Lake Trout Yellowstone Volcano Climate Land Use Whitebark Pine Amphibians Invasive Plants Land Birds Trumpeter Swans Whitebark Pine Additional Resources Contact(s) Reports Learning Center Links Importance Whitebark pine is considered a keystone species in the subalpine ecosystem. Its best known role in these ecosystems is as a high-energy food source for a variety of wildlife species, including grizzly bears. Dramatic declines of whitebark have been reported throughout its range due to two major factors: 1) an introduced fungus, white pine blister rust; and 2) heavy mortality from endemic mountain pine beetle. print version Source D Click for more detail. or for graphic. D Discussion Our preliminary results indicate that the occurrence of white pine blister rust is widespread throughout the GYE, although in most cases, severity is at relatively low levels. Status Thirty six of the 51 (71%) transects had some indication of blister rust. Although blister rust was widespread, the infection severity was relatively low. The estimate proportion of trees infected with blister rust within the GYE to be ± 0.05 SE, and most infected trees had 2 cankers. Last Update 12/04/2005 G G G D G Year Proportion of Trees Infected

16 Year Proportion of Trees Infected Greater Yellowstone Monitoring Executive Briefs Grizzly Bears Yellowstone Cutthroat Geothermal Fire Wolves Bison Elk Lake Trout Yellowstone Volcano Climate Land Use Whitebark Pine Amphibians Invasive Plants Land Birds Trumpeter Swans Whitebark Pine Additional Resources Contact(s) Reports Learning Center Links Importance Whitebark pine is considered a keystone species in the subalpine ecosystem. Its best known role in these ecosystems is as a high-energy food source for a variety of wildlife species, including grizzly bears. Dramatic declines of whitebark have been reported throughout its range due to two major factors: 1) an introduced fungus, white pine blister rust; and 2) heavy mortality from endemic mountain pine beetle. print version Source D Click for more detail. or for graphic. D Discussion Our preliminary results indicate that the occurrence of white pine blister rust is widespread throughout the GYE, although in most cases, severity is at relatively low levels. Status Thirty six of the 51 (71%) transects had some indication of blister rust. Although blister rust was widespread, the infection severity was relatively low. The estimate proportion of trees infected with blister rust within the GYE to be ± 0.05 SE, and most infected trees had 2 cankers. Last Update 12/04/2005 G G G D G Distribution Whitebark Pine Pinus albicaulis Close Window Figure 2. The proportion of whitebark pine trees infected on each of the 51 transects sampled during 2004 arranged in rank order from most infected to least infected.

17 Greater Yellowstone Monitoring Executive Briefs Grizzly Bears Yellowstone Cutthroat Geothermal Fire Wolves Bison Elk Lake Trout Yellowstone Volcano Climate Land Use Whitebark Pine Amphibians Invasive Plants Land Birds Trumpeter Swans Whitebark Pine Additional Resources Contact(s) Reports Learning Center Links Importance Whitebark pine is considered a keystone species in the subalpine ecosystem. Its best known role in these ecosystems is as a high-energy food source for a variety of wildlife species, including grizzly bears. Dramatic declines of whitebark have been reported throughout its range due to two major factors: 1) an introduced fungus, white pine blister rust; and 2) heavy mortality from endemic mountain pine beetle. print version Source D Click for more detail. or for graphic. D Discussion Our preliminary results indicate that the occurrence of white pine blister rust is widespread throughout the GYE, although in most cases, severity is at relatively low levels. Status Thirty six of the 51 (71%) transects had some indication of blister rust. Although blister rust was widespread, the infection severity was relatively low. The estimate proportion of trees infected with blister rust within the GYE to be ± 0.05 SE, and most infected trees had 2 cankers. Last Update 12/04/2005 G G G D G Year Proportion of Trees Infected

18 Metodología de Signos Vitales El primer paso es el de identificar agentes de cambio y fuentes de estrés Con esta información se general modelos de ecosistemas bajo estrés Con estos modelos se proponen los indicadores a medir Posteriormente se les asigna un valor a los indicadores para priorizarlos Por ultimo de proponen metodologías de campo para medir los indicadores

19 Modelo Jerárquico de los Ecosistemas

20

21 Talleres de Planificación de CONANP- Región Noreste y Sierra Madre Oriental Estrategia Regional Hermanamiento de Áreas Protegidas y Parques Nacionales Estrategia de Cambio Climático Mataremos dos Pájaros de un solo tiro?

22 Talleres de Planificación de CONANP- Región Noreste y Sierra Madre Oriental Dos talleres en Cuatrocienegas Buena aceptación del proyecto de Signos Vitales No hay algún programa o mandato a nivel oficinas centrales CONANP

23 Talleres de Planificación de CONANP- Región Noreste y Sierra Madre Oriental Alianzas entre CONANP y otras instituciones Proyecto WWF Taller en White Sands, NM, Mayo 2011 Necesidad de seguir sumando esfuerzos

24 Talleres de Planificación de CONANP- Región Noreste y Sierra Madre Oriental Formación del Comité de Monitoreo de Signos Vitales de la Región Noreste y Sierra Madre Oriental Objetivos del Comité: –Dar seguimiento a los esfuerzos para consolidar el Programa de Monitoreo en la Región –Supervisar los talleres y documentos generados durante estos esfuerzos –Tomar decisiones técnicas respecto a la selección de los Signos Vitales

25 Integrantes del Comité de Monitoreo de Signos Vitales NombrePuesto Carlos Sifuentes Lugo Director, COBIO Ca ñó n de Santa Elena-Maderas del Carmen Ivo Garc í a Guti é rrez Director, Á rea de Protecci ó n de Flora y Fauna Cuatrocienegas Andrew Rhodes Espinoza Director, Estrategia de Cambio Clim á tico-CONANP J. Joel Aguilar Mosqueda Encargado de Monitoreo-Regi ó n Noreste y Sierra Madre Oriental Jose Antonio D á vila Paulin Director, APRN de las Cuencas Alimentadoras de Riego del Distrito 04 Don Martin Lissette Leyequien Abarca Directora, Á rea de Protecci ó n de Flora y Fauna Sierra La Mojonera Oscar Flores Sosa Director, Area de Proteccion de Flora y Fauna Sierra de Alvarez-El Potosi-El Gogorron Rogelio Carrera Trevi ñ o Profesor Titular, UANL Haydee Parra Programa Desierto Chihuahuense-WWF

26 Entonces, Por que estamos aquí? Objetivo a largo plazo: –Que la Región Noreste y Sierra Madre Oriental cuente con un programa de monitoreo de Signos Vitales que se capaz de dar seguimiento a los recursos naturales, evaluar decisiones de manejo y actividades de conservación, y de incorporar un sistema de detección temprana del Cambio Climático.

27 Dr. Rogelio Carrera Treviño Laboratorio de Fauna Silvestre, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia-UANL Información de Contacto Skype: rogelio.carrera


Descargar ppt "Monitoreo de Signos Vitales Dr. Rogelio Carrera UANL."

Presentaciones similares


Anuncios Google